Lyon (UK: , US: , also spelled Lyons and in this case alternatively pronounced ; French: Lyon [ljɔ̃] ( listen); Arpitan: Liyon [ʎjɔ̃]) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located in the country's east-central part at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km (292 mi) south from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) north from Marseille and 55 km (34 mi) east from Saint-Étienne. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais.
Lyon had a population of 513,275 in 2015. It is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The Lyon metropolitan area had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest urban area in France. The city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, and historical and architectural landmarks; part of it is a registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.
Quarters and arrondissements of Lyon
- 1st arrondissement of Lyon (Terreaux, La Croix-Rousse)
- 2nd arrondissement of Lyon (Les Cordeliers, Bellecour, Ainay, Perrache and the Confluent).
- 3rd arrondissement of Lyon (La Part-Dieu, la Villette, Montchat, Dauphiné, Guillotière-Nord).
- 4th arrondissement of Lyon (Croix-Rousse, Serin).
- 5th arrondissement of Lyon (Saint-Jean – Saint-Paul – Saint-Georges (Vieux Lyon), Saint-Just, Saint-Irénée, Fourvière, le Point du Jour, Ménival, Champvert-Sud).
- 6th arrondissement of Lyon (Les Brotteaux, Bellecombe, la Tête d'Or).
- 7th arrondissement of Lyon (Guillotière-Sud, Jean Macé, Gerland).
- 8th arrondissement of Lyon (Monplaisir, Le Bachut, Mermoz, États-Unis, Grand Trou, Moulin à Vent, Laënnec, Monplaisir-la-Plaine).
- 9th arrondissement of Lyon (Vaise, Industrie, Champvert-Nord, Gorge de Loup, la Duchère, Rochecardon, Saint-Rambert-l'Île-Barbe).
|The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (19 October 1862, Besançon, France – 10 April 1954, Lyon) and Louis Jean (5 October 1864, Besançon, France – 6 June 1948, Bandol), were among the earliest filmmakers. (Appropriately, "lumière" translates as "light" in English). They often assimilated as the inventors of cinema, they were the most of their life in Lyon and they died in Lyon.
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Public transports in Lyon
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