Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris, with a population estimated to be 1,748,271 in urban area. Its administrative urban region called Metropole of Lyon, represents 20% of the Rhône-Alpesrégion population with 1,2 million inhabitant. Lyon is also a major industrial center specializing in chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. There is also a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games.
In the Gallic Empire, Lyon was Lugdunum and was the Capital of Gaul. For 300 years after its foundation Lugdunum was the most important city in north-western Europe. Two emperors, Claudius (Germanicus) and Caracalla, were born in Lugdunum. The original Roman city was situated west of the confluence of the Rhône and Saône, on the Fourvière heights. By the late centuries of the empire much of the population was located in the Saône River valley at the foot of Fourvière.
Paul Bocuse, born in Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or near Lyon, is a Frenchchef, considered one of the finest chefs of the 20th century. He is widely credited with being one of the first chefs to emerge from the kitchen and to enter public life. In this role, he has extensively traveled for several decades, promoting French cuisine, starting restaurants and culinary institutions, and participating in other business ventures.