Portal:Maharashtra

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The Maharashtra Portal

Location of Maharashtra in India
Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र, literally: Great Nation) is India's third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population. It is bordered by the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and is home to 96 million people. The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. Mumbai, India's largest city, is the capital of Maharashtra. Maharashtra's earliest recorded history dates back to the 3rd century BC, and was once part of Ashoka's Magadha Empire. It came under |Islamic influence in the 13th century before becoming the seat of the Maratha Empire led by Shivaji in the 17th century. The modern state was created in 1960 with the Bombay State being split into Gujarat and Maharashtra.Late Shri Yashwantrao Chavan was the first Chief Minister of Maharastra. Today Maharashtra is India's most industrialised state, and its capital Mumbai is the commercial centre of India, with the majority of corporate institutions being located in the city, in addition to the Bombay Stock Exchange, India's largest. Mumbai is also home to the Hindi Bollywood, the largest film industry in the world.

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Another Vegetarian Meal.jpg
Maharashtrian (or Marathi) cuisine is the cuisine of the Marathi people from the state of Maharashtra in India. Maharashtrian cuisine covers a range from having mild to very spicy dishes. Wheat, Rice, Jowar, Bajri, Vegetables, Lentils and Fruit form staples of the Maharashtrian diet. Peanuts and Cashews are often served with vegetables. Traditionally, Maharashtrians have considered their food to be more austere than that of other regions in India. Although, because of economic conditions and culture, meat has traditionally been used quite sparsely or only by the well off until recently. Nevertheless, distinctly Maharashtrian dishes, such as ukdiche modak and aluchi patal bhaji remain popular.

The staple dishes of Maharashtrian cuisine are based on a variety of flat breads and Rice. The flat breads can be wheat-based, such as the traditional trigonal Ghadichi Poli or the round Chapati more common in urban areas. Bhakri is a bread made from Millet, including Jowar and Bajra, and forms part of daily meals in rural areas. As many areas of Maharashtra are drought prone, the staple food of the rural poor had traditionally been as simple as Bajri Bhakri accompanied by just a raw onion, a dry Chutney, or a Gram flour preparation called Jhunka. This meal has, however, become more fashionable among the urban classes too.

Bhaaji is a class of dishes consisting of vegetables. Some are made with a particular vegetable or a combination of vegetables. Bhaajis can be "dry" like stir fry or "wet" like the well known Curry".

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Fishing boats parked at Anjarle Creek (Konkan), Maharashtra.

Fishing boats parked at Anjarle Creek (Konkan), Maharashtra.
Fishing boats used to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or river. Traditional fishing is any kind of small scale, commercial or subsistence fishing practices using traditional techniques such as rod and tackle, throw nets and drag nets, etc.

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Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar (Marathi: विष्णु वामन शिरवाडकर) (27 February 1912 – 10 March 1999), popularly known by his pen name, Kusumāgraj (Marathi: कुसुमाग्रज), was an eminent Marathi poet, playwright, novelist, short story writer, apart from being a humanist, who wrote of freedom, justice and emancipation of the deprived. In a career spanning five decades starting in pre-independence era, he wrote 16 volumes of poems, three novels, eight volumes of short stories, seven volumes of essays, 18 plays and six one-act plays.

His works like the Vishakha (1942), a collection of lyrics, inspired a generation into the Indian freedom movement, and is today considered one of the masterpieces of Indian literature, apart from his play, Natsamrat which has important place in Marathi literature. He was the recipient of several State awards, and National awards including the 1974 Sahitya Akademi Award in Marathi for Natsamrat, Padma Bhushan (1991) and the Jnanpith Award in 1987; he also remained chairperson of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan in 1989.

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