( Malaysia ; mə- LAY-zee-ə, -zhə Malay: ) is a country in [məlejsiə] Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo's East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital, largest city and the seat of the legislative branch of the federal government. The nearby planned capital of Putrajaya is the administrative capital; which represents the seat of both the executive branch ( Cabinet, federal ministries and agencies) and the judicial branch of the federal government. With a population of over 32 million, Malaysia is the world's 43rd-most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia is in Tanjung Piai. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, home to a number of endemic species.
Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the
British Empire, along with the British Straits Settlements protectorate. Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. The independent Malaya united with the then British crown colonies of North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia. In August 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation and became a separate independent country.
The country is
multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which has a significant effect on its politics. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with minorities of Chinese, Indians, and indigenous peoples. The country's official language is Malaysian, a standard form of the Malay language. English remains an active second language. While recognising Islam as the country's established religion, the constitution grants freedom of religion to non-Muslims. The government is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is an elected monarch, chosen from among the nine state sultans every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister.
After independence, the Malaysian
GDP grew at an average of 6.5% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked third-largest in Southeast Asia and 33rd-largest in the world. It is a founding member of ASEAN, EAS, OIC and a member of APEC, the Commonwealth and the Non-Aligned Movement. ( )
Selected article -
( National Alliance Malay: Perikatan Nasional; abbrev: PN) is a political coalition composed of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR Sabah), Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP) and later Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (GERAKAN). The establishment of this party was induced by the Muhyiddin cabinet on 10 March 2020. This coalition previously preceded by the Malaysian Party Alliance Association or also known as the Persatuan Perikatan Parti Malaysia (PPPM). This party later was legalised and confirmed by Registrar of Society (RoS) as a 'political coalition party' known as Perikatan Nasional (National Alliance). As of 13 August 2021, Perikatan Nasional controls 50 seats, with support of another 50 MPs (including confidence and supply). The coalition was the ruling government of Malaysia from March 2020 to August 2021.
The coalition was approved and fully registered in August 2020 by the RoS and the use of the Perikatan Nasional logo was authorized by the
(EC). The alliance was established during February
2020 Malaysian political crisis
when BERSATU departed from the then-governing
(PH) coalition. The 16th
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Abdullah of Pahang
, the leader of PN, as the 8th
Prime Minister of Malaysia
, bringing the informal political alliance into government. (
Selected biography - Selected picture -
Melaka Chinese Mosque
Masjid Cina Negeri Melaka
) is a Chinese-style mosque in
. Completed in April 2014, it is the third Chinese-style mosque in Malaysia. With a total build up area of 2.8 hectares and 2,000 worshipers capacity, the mosque was developed by the Melaka Chinese Muslim Association.
General images -
The following are images from various Malaysia-related articles on Wikipedia.
Geographical distributions of ethnic Chinese Malaysians by majority in each cities or towns:
c. 1949. (from )
British and Malayan police talking to a Chinese civilian who may have information about any communist activities in their area,
History of Malaysia
The Buddha-Gupta stone, dating to the 4th–5th century CE, was dedicated by an Indian Merchant, Buddha Gupta, as an expression of gratitude for his safe arrival after a voyage to the Malay peninsula. It was found in Seberang Perai, Malaysia and is kept in the National Museum, Calcutta, India. (from
Semenyih, Selangor who opposing the communist activities during the ensuing Malayan Emergency, c. 1950s. (from )
A joint demonstration from ethnic Chinese and Malay in
2018 Malaysian parliamentary constituency
Bright red indicates a higher proportion of ethnic Chinese Mixed colour means that the ratio of the two is equivalent
The brownish colour are the area with the higher proportion of other non-indigenous races (such as
Proportion of ethnic Chinese and Malay with indigenous voters in the
Zheng He monument today (seen from the backside), marking his stopover at the city
Nanyang region more than a hundred years ago. (from )
Map of the geographic origin of the present-day ethnic Chinese Malaysians since their early migrations from China to
Japanese troops moving through Kuala Lumpur during their advance through Malaya.
Geography of Malaysia
Peninsular Malaysia Precipitation Map on December 2004 showing heavy precipitation on the east coast, causing floods there. (from
Avalokiteshvara statue found in Perak, 8th–9th century bronze.
Culture of Malaysia
Comparison of Malay language, Jawi writing, and Khat Calligraphy with other Languages (from
Niah Caves in Sarawak, has been identified as the earliest evidence for human settlement in Malaysian Borneo. (photo December 1958) (from )
History of Malaysia
The discovery of a skull which estimates say is around 40,000 years old on
Indosphere cultural influence zone of Greater India for transmission of elements of Indian elements such as the honorific titles, naming of people, naming of places, mottos of organisations and educational institutes as well as adoption of Hinduism, Buddhism, Indian architecture, martial arts, Indian music and dance, traditional Indian clothing, and Indian cuisine, a process which has also been aided by the ongoing historic expansion of Indian diaspora. (from )
History of Malaysia
Penang. (from )
Variety of ethnic Chinese businesses from the clinic, restaurant and grocery stores in Happy Valley of George Town in
Murtabak being made at a stall, a type of pancake filled with eggs, small chunks of meat and onions. (from )
Roti tisu served as a savoury meal, pictured here with a glass of teh tarik. (from
c. 1800s. Painting from the National Maritime Museum of London.
A view of a river from the anchorage off Sarawak, Borneo,
Kedah, Malaysia. (from )
History of Malaysia
Built in 6th century A.D, Candi Bukit Batu Pahat is the most well-known ancient Hindu temple found in Bujang Valley,
Cobbold Commission were formed to conduct a study in the British Borneo territories of Sarawak and Sabah to see whether the two were interested in the idea to form the Federation of Malaysia with Malaya and Singapore.
Members of the
Wiki Loves Malaysia
For more images from Malaysia, see the following categories at Wikimedia Commons:
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Kuala Lumpur Seberang Perai
Federal Territories 1,588,750
Negeri Sembilan 515,490