Manila ( mə-NIL-ə; Filipino: Maynila) is the capital city of the Philippines and the most populous metropolitan area in the country and the 11th most populous in the world. Manila is the most densely populated city in the world and was divided into several districts. Manila has been a major settlement for three centuries, and since has been the political, economic, social, cultural, and educational center of the Philippines.
Manila is a leading global city, with its strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence.
Rizal Park, also known as Luneta Park or colloquially Luneta, is a historical urban park in Manila, Philippines, adjacent to the old walled city of Manila, the Intramuros. Since the Spanish Colonial Era, the park has been a favorite spot for unwinding, socializing, an urban oasis for family picnics on Sundays and holidays. It is one of the major tourist attractions of Manila.
Located along Manila Bay, Luneta has been the site of some of the most significant moments in Philippine history. The execution of pacifist Dr. José Rizal on December 30, 1896, sparked the fire of the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish colonizers, elevating the martyr as the national hero of the country. The park was officially renamed Rizal Park in his honor and his monument serves as the symbolic focal point of the park. The Declaration of Philippine Independence from American rule was held here on July 4, 1946 as well as the political rallies of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino in 1986 that led to the EDSA Revolution deposing the dictator.