/) is one of Canada
's 10 provinces
, with a population of 1,182,921 (2007). It was officially recognized by the Federal Government in 1870 as separate from the Northwest Territories
, and became the first province created from the Territories. It is the easternmost of the three Prairie provinces
Its capital and largest city (containing over one half the provincial population (around 700,000)) is Winnipeg. Other cities with more than 10,000 people are Brandon, Thompson, Portage la Prairie, and Steinbach. The province is just located just north of Tornado Alley, and is bordered by two provinces (Saskatchewan and Ontario) and two territories (Nunavut and Northwest Territories. A person from Manitoba is called a Manitoban.
(October 22, 1844 – November 16, 1885) was a Canadian politician
, a founder of the province of Manitoba
, and leader of the Métis
people of the Canadian prairies
. He led two resistance movements
against the Canadian government that sought to preserve Métis rights and culture as their homelands in the Northwest came progressively under the Canadian sphere of influence
The first such resistance was the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870. The provisional government established by Riel ultimately negotiated the terms under which the modern province of Manitoba entered the Canadian Confederation. Riel was forced into exile in the United States as a result of the controversial execution of Thomas Scott during the rebellion. Despite this, he is frequently referred to as the "Father of Manitoba." While a fugitive, he was elected three times to the Canadian House of Commons, although he never assumed his seat. During these years, he was frustrated by having to remain in exile despite his growing belief that he was a divinely chosen leader and prophet, a belief which would later resurface and influence his actions. He married in 1881 while in exile in Montana, and fathered three children. He became a naturalized American citizen and was actively involved in the Republican party.