Portal:Manitoba/Selected biography

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Selected biographies list[edit]

Biographies 1–20[edit]

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Louis Riel

Louis Riel (October 22, 1844 – November 16, 1885) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government that sought to preserve Métis rights and culture as their homelands in the Northwest came progressively under the Canadian sphere of influence.

The first such resistance was the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870. The provisional government established by Riel ultimately negotiated the terms under which the modern province of Manitoba entered the Canadian Confederation. Riel was forced into exile in the United States as a result of the controversial execution of Thomas Scott during the rebellion. Despite this, he is frequently referred to as the "Father of Manitoba." While a fugitive, he was elected three times to the Canadian House of Commons, although he never assumed his seat. During these years, he was frustrated by having to remain in exile despite his growing belief that he was a divinely chosen leader and prophet, a belief which would later resurface and influence his actions. He married in 1881 while in exile in Montana, and fathered three children. He became a naturalized American citizen and was actively involved in the Republican party.

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Frederick William Hall,

Frederick William Hall, VC (February 8, 1885 – April 24, 1915) was an Irish born soldier in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry "in the face of the enemy", during the First World War.

Born in Ireland, (Kilkenny, February 8, 1885) he emigrated to Canada around 1910, and lived in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He was 30 years old, and a Company Sergeant-Major in the 8th (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when he performed a deed for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

It was on the night of April 23/24 1915 during the Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium that Hall discovered a number of missing men. On the ridge above he could hear moans from the wounded men. Under cover of darkness he went to the top of the ridge on two separate occasions and returned each time with a wounded man.

By nine o'clock the next morning (April 24) there were still some missing men. In broad daylight and under a hail of enemy fire Hall and Cpl Payne and Pte Rogerson crawled out toward the wounded. Payne and Rogerson were both wounded, but returned to the shelter of the front line. When a wounded man, who was lying some 15 yards from the trench, called for help, Company Sergeant-Major Hall endeavored to reach him in the face of very heavy enfilade fire by the enemy.

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Alexandre-Antonin Taché

Alexandre-Antonin Taché (23 July 1823 – 22 June 1894) was a Roman Catholic priest, missionary of the Oblate order, author and the first Archbishop of Saint Boniface in the Canadian province of Manitoba.

In late 1844 Taché entered the Oblate novitiate. He soon expressed an urge to preach to the native population of the west and was sent to Saint Boniface in the Red River Colony along with Father Pierre Aubert. They went to work with Bishop Joseph-Norbert Provencher.

Provencher ordained Taché a priest on October 12, 1845. He studied the basics of the Ojibwe language and was sent to start a mission in Île-à-la-Crosse. Later, he also became proficient in Cree and Athabaskan. In 1847, Rome created the diocese of the North-West. In June 1850, Taché was named bishop of Arath and Provencher's successor at the age of 27. He only received the news of his appointment in January 1851. He was consecrated a bishop on November 23, 1851 in Marseille by Bishop Eugene de Mazenode. Provencher died on June 7, 1853, and Taché became the bishop of St. Boniface.

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Frank Johnston

Frank Johnston (19 June 1888 – 19 July 1949) was a Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven. Johnston was born in Toronto in 1888. Although his official association with the Group of Seven was brief, his friendship with the artists dated back over a much longer period. As a commercial artist at Grip Ltd., he was involved with the circle of young artists working there whose ideas about Canadian art led to the formation of The Group. When he joined the firm around 1908, his fellow Grip workers included J. E. H. Macdonald and Tom Thomson, and later Arthur Lismer and Franklin Carmichael signed on. Through those men and as a member of the newly founded Arts and Letters Club, he met other artists, including Lawren Harris - all painters with new and exciting ambitions for Canadian art.

Johnston exhibited with The Group of Seven only once, in their first show at the Art Gallery of Toronto (now the Art Gallery of Ontario) in May 1920. Johnston's rate of production was such that in the 1919 Algoma show he contributed sixty works - more than any other artist.

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Biographies 21–40[edit]

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Feel free to add top or high importance biographies to the above list. Other Manitoba-related biographies may be nominated here.