Portal:Massachusetts/Selected location

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Salem Maritime National Historic Site
Salem is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, and one of its two county seats. Home to Salem State University, the Salem Willows Park and the Peabody Essex Museum, Salem is a residential and tourist area which includes the neighborhoods of Salem Neck, The Point, South Salem and North Salem, Witchcraft Heights, Pickering Wharf, and the McIntire Historic District, which is named after famous architect and Salem native Samuel McIntire. Salem was one of the most significant seaports in early America, and a center for privateering during the American Revolution.

Featured notably in Arthur Miller's The Crucible, much of the city's cultural identity is reflective of its role as the location of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Tourism is the backbone of Salem's economy, spurred by the city's connection with the witch trials. Salem also claims to be the birthplace of the Army National Guard, owing to that in 1637 a muster was held on Salem Common, where for the first time a regiment of militia drilled for the common defense of a multi-community area.

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Downtown Worcester
Worcester is a city and the county seat of Worcester County, Massachusetts. Named after Worcester, England, it is now the second largest city in New England, after Boston. Known for innovation in commerce, industry, education, and social thought, Worcester and the nearby Blackstone Valley were major contributors to the American Industrial Revolution. Ichabod Washburn, an early industrialist, developed a process for extruding steel wire in Worcester and Loring Coes invented the monkey wrench in the city. The first envelope folding machine was invented in Worcester, and an early female entrepreneur, Esther Howland, designed and manufactured the first American valentine cards in the city in 1847.

As political tensions rose in the months before the American Revolution, Worcester served as a center of revolutionary activity. On July 14, 1776, Isaiah Thomas, intercepting the packet from Philadelphia to Boston, performed the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence ever in front of Worcester City Hall.

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Downtown Springfield
Springfield is the most populous city in Western New England, and is the seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts. Springfield sits on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River near its confluence with three rivers; the western Westfield River, the eastern Chicopee River, and the eastern Mill River. It is the urban, economic, and cultural capital of Massachusetts' Pioneer Valley.

The city of Springfield has played an important role throughout American history, due largely to its geography. It is located midway between Boston and Albany, is only slightly farther from New York City, and is the closest major New England city to Montreal. In 1777, Springfield's location led George Washington and Henry Knox to found the fledgling United States' National Armory at Springfield, which produced the first American musket in 1794, and later the famous Springfield rifle. Springfielders produced many significant innovations, including the first American-English dictionary, vulcanized rubber, and the sport of basketball, which was started by Dr. James Naismith in Springfield in 1891.

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Lowell on the Merrimack river with Cox Bridge
Lowell is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and one of its two county seats. It the fourth largest city in the state.

Founded in the 1820s as a planned manufacturing center for textiles, Lowell is located along the rapids of the Merrimack River, 25 miles northwest of Boston in what was once the farming community of East Chelmsford, Massachusetts. The so-called Boston Associates named the new mill town after their leader, Francis Cabot Lowell. As Lowell's population grew, it acquired more land from neighboring towns, and diversified into a full-fledged urban center. In 1860, there were more cotton spindles in Lowell than in all eleven states combined that would form the Confederacy.

The city's manufacturing base declined as many companies began to relocate to the South in the 1920s, causing a period of hard times. The mills were reactivated during World War II to make parachutes, but closed again after the war. In the 1970s, Lowell became part of the Massachusetts Miracle when it became the headquarters of Wang Laboratories.

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Harvard Square, Cambridge
Cambridge is a city in and one of two county seat of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the Greater Boston area. It was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England. Cambridge is home to two of the world's most prominent universities, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1636, Harvard College was founded by the colony to train ministers, and the town was renamed to Cambridge shortly after. In the mid-19th century, Cambridge was the center of a literary revolution when it gave the country a new identity through poetry and literature. Cambridge was home to the famous Fireside PoetsHenry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Although industry in New England began to decline during the Great Depression and after World War II, the 1980s brought a wave of high-technology startups, creating software such as Visicalc and Lotus 1-2-3, and advanced computers. The city continues to be home to many startups as well as a thriving biotech industry.

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The Framingham commons
Framingham is a New England town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Sited on the ancient trail known as the Old Connecticut Path, the area was first settled when John Stone settled on the west bank of the Sudbury River in 1647. The town was officially incorporated in 1700. In 2012 Framingham was ranked at #36 on the list of 'Best Places to Live in US' by Money magazine.

In the years prior to the American Civil War, Framingham was an annual gathering-spot for members of the abolitionist movement. Each Independence Day from 1854 to 1865, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society held a rally in a picnic area called Harmony Grove near what is now downtown Framingham. At the 1854 rally, William Lloyd Garrison burned copies of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, judicial decisions enforcing it, and the United States Constitution. Other prominent Abolitionists present that day included William Cooper Nell, Sojourner Truth, Wendell Phillips, Lucy Stone, and Henry David Thoreau. Framingham is also known for the Framingham Heart Study, a long-term, ongoing cardiovascular study on residents of the town.

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The Main Street in North Adams
North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Best known as the home of the largest contemporary art museum in the United States, the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams has in recent years become a center for tourism, culture, and recreation.

North Adams was first settled in 1745 during King Georges War. The town was incorporated in 1878, and is named in honor of Samuel Adams. For much of its existence, North Adams was a mill town. Manufacturing began in the city before the Revolutionary War. North Adams' ironworks provided the pig iron for armor plates on the Civil War ship Monitor. In 1942 Sprague Electric Company moved into the city. Sprague physicists, chemists, electrical engineers, and skilled technicians were called upon by the U.S. government during World War II to design and manufacture crucial components of some of its most advanced high-tech weapons systems, including the atomic bomb. After the war, its products were used in the launch systems for Gemini moon missions.

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The Orange Line Bridge over the Mystic River
The Mystic River is a 7.0-mile-long (11.3 km) river in Massachusetts. Its name derives from the Wampanoag word "muhs-uhtuq", which translates to "big river." In an Algonquian language, "Missi-Tuk" means "a great river whose waters are driven by waves", alluding to the natural tidal nature of the Mystic. It lies to the north of and flows approximately parallel to the lower portions of the Charles River. The river flows from the Lower Mystic Lake and travels through the Boston-area communities of Arlington, Medford, Somerville, Everett, Charlestown, Chelsea, and East Boston. The river joins the Charles River to form inner Boston Harbor. Significant portions of the river's shores are within the Mystic River Reservation and are administered by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

The river has been the inspiration for the Lydia Child poem "Over the River and Through the Woods", and was one of the settings of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem "Paul Revere's Ride". The river gave its name to the 2001 Dennis Lehane novel and its 2003 Academy Award winning Clint Eastwood film adaptation, Mystic River.

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Menemsha, a fishing village on the island
Martha's Vineyard is an island located south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Often called just "The Vineyard," the island is the 58th largest island in the United States and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States. Originally inhabited by the Wampanoag, Martha's Vineyard was known in their language as Noepe, or "land amid the streams." In 1642 the first English settlement on the island began at Great Harbor, now in Edgartown, Massachusetts. The Vineyard was also home to one of the earliest known deaf communities in the United States; consequently, a special sign language, Martha's Vineyard Sign Language, developed on the island.

Today Martha's Vineyard is primarily known as a summer colony, and is accessible only by boat and air. However, its year-round population has grown considerably since the 1960s. The estimated year-round population is 15,000 residents; however, the summer population can swell to over 100,000 people. About 56% of the Vineyard’s 14,621 homes are seasonally occupied. The island was chosen as the filming location for the 1975 blockbuster film Jaws.

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Hingham Bay in April 2010
Hingham Bay is the easternmost of the three small bays of outer Boston Harbor, part of Massachusetts Bay and forming the western shoreline of the town of Hull and the northern shoreline of Hingham, in the state of Massachusetts. The bay is home to several of the Boston Harbor Islands.

Military posts were established on Peddocks Island and Fort Revere at the strategically important Hull Gut entrance to Hingham Bay beginning in the American Revolution. Ships and submarines were produced at Fore River Shipyard located on Weymouth Fore River near where the river enters Hingham Bay beginning in the early 20th century. During World War II, hundreds of ships produced for the United States Navy at Fore River Shipyard and the associated Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard in Hingham first entered the Atlantic at Hingham Bay. Following the war, the list of possible locations for United Nations Headquarters included the unused land at World's End on Hingham Bay. The land was also later considered as a location for a nuclear power plant that was eventually built in Plymouth.

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Quincy Center as seen from the intersection of Adams Street and Hancock Street
Quincy is a city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. Quincy is the birthplace of former U.S. Presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams, as well as statesman John Hancock. It was named after Colonel John Quincy, maternal grandfather of Abigail Adams and after whom John Quincy Adams was also named.

Prior to the settlement of the area by English colonists, a hill east of the mouth of the Neponset River near what is now called Squantum was the seat of the ruling Massachusett sachem, or native American leader, Chickatawbut. Called Moswetuset Hummock, it was visited by Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish and Squanto, a native guide, in 1621. The area was first incorporated as part of Dorchester in 1630, and was briefly annexed by Boston in 1634. Following the American Revolution, Quincy was officially incorporated as a separate town in 1792, and was made a city in 1888.

Quicny is home to the Granite Railway, the first commercial railroad in the United States. The city has historically been known for its stonecutting and shipbuilding industries, and as the origin of the Howard Johnson's and Dunkin' Donuts restaurant chains.

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The Longfellow Bridge crossing over the Charles River, in the winter
The Charles River is an 80 mile (129 km) long river that flows in an overall northeasterly direction in eastern Massachusetts. From its source in Hopkinton, the river travels through 22 cities and towns until reaching the Atlantic Ocean at Boston. Thirty-three lakes and ponds and 35 communities are entirely or partially part of the Charles River drainage basin. Despite the river's length and relatively large drainage area (308 square miles; 798 km²), its source is only 26 miles (42 km) from its mouth, and the river drops only 350 feet (107 m) from source to sea.

Brandeis University, Harvard University, Boston University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all located along the Charles River. Near its mouth, it forms the border between downtown Boston and Cambridge and Charlestown. The river is well known for its rowing, sculling, dragonboating, and sailing, both recreational and competitive. The Head of the Charles Regatta is held here every October, and in early June, the annual Hong Kong Boston Dragon boat Festival is held in Cambridge, near the Weeks Footbridge. For a number of years, the Charles River Speedway operated along part of the river.

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Gosnold Town Hall
Gosnold is a town that encompasses the Elizabeth Islands in Dukes County, Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 75, making it the least populous town in Massachusetts. Most of the residents live in the village of Cuttyhunk, while most of the land in the town is owned by the Forbes family. The town is so small and so remote that it is exempt from state nepotism laws.

The earliest settlers of the Elizabeth Islands were the Wampanoag Native Americans. The tribe did not settle permanently on the Elizabeth Islands, but used them in summer for hunting, fishing, and gardening. The Elizabeth Islands were discovered by Europeans in 1602 by Bartholomew Gosnold, who later attempted to establish a trading post there, the first attempt by Europeans to do so. Gosnold was first settled in 1641, the year of purchase of the islands by Thomas Mayhew, Sr. The islands were claimed by the Wampanoag until 1658, when the Wampanoag sachem transferred the deed of ownership to Mayhew. Gosnold was officially incorporated in 1864, having formerly belonged to the town of Chilmark.

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Mount Greylock from the West Mountain Road
Mount Greylock is, at 3,491 feet (1,064 m), the highest natural point in Massachusetts. Its peak is located in the northwest corner of the state in the western part of the town of Adams, near its border with Williamstown, in Berkshire County. Although geologically part of the Taconic Mountains, Mount Greylock is commonly associated with the abutting Berkshire Hills to the east. The mountain is known for its expansive views encompassing five states and as the only taiga-boreal forest in the state. A seasonal automobile road climbs to the summit, where stands the iconic 93-foot-high (28 m) lighthouse-like Massachusetts Veterans War Memorial Tower. A network of hiking trails traverse the mountain, including the 2,179-mile (3,507 km) Appalachian Trail. Mount Greylock State Reservation was created in 1898 as Massachusetts' first public land for the purpose of forest preservation. Among the writers and artists inspired by the mountain were Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Cullen Bryant, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Herman Melville, and Henry David Thoreau. Melville is said to have taken part of his inspiration for Moby-Dick from the view of the mountain from his house, Arrowhead.

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A satellite image of Cape Cod
Cape Cod, often referred to locally as simply "the Cape", is a cape in the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts. Cape Cod is one of the biggest barrier islands in the world, shielding much of the Massachusetts coastline from North Atlantic storm waves. This protection erodes the Cape's shoreline at the expense of cliffs, while protecting towns from Fairhaven to Marshfield.

For most of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, Cape Cod has been divided into three sections. The Upper Cape is the part of Cape Cod closest to the mainland, comprising the towns of Bourne, Sandwich, Falmouth, and Mashpee. Falmouth is the home of the famous Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Marine Biological Laboratory. The Mid-Cape includes the towns of Barnstable, Yarmouth and Dennis, and the Lower Cape traditionally included all of the rest of the Cape, or the towns of Harwich, Brewster, Chatham, Orleans, Eastham, Wellfleet, Truro, and Provincetown. The Lower Cape area includes the Cape Cod National Seashore, a national park comprising much of the outer Cape, and is home to some of the most popular beaches in the United States.

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Congregational Church and Civil War Memorial
Uxbridge is a town in Worcester County, incorporated in 1727, and named for the Earl of Uxbridge, England. Uxbridge is the midpoint of the Blackstone Valley National Historic Park. In 1662, a Nipmuc chief, deeded land to settlers. Deborah Sampson posed as an Uxbridge soldier in the Revolutionary War. 140 years of manufacturing military uniforms and clothing began with 1820 power looms. The town weaves a unique "tapestry of early America".

Lt. Colonel Seth Reed, who fought at Lexington and Bunker Hill, was instrumental in adding E Pluribus Unum to U.S. Coins. Shays Rebellion's opening salvos led Governor John Hancock to order suppression of local riots. By 1855, 560 workers manufactured 22,859 km of cloth. Local innovators developed blended fabrics, 'wash and wear', and cashmeres. "Uxbridge Blue" became the first US Air Force Dress Uniform. Uxbridge granted rights to America's first woman voter, Lydia Chapin Taft. America's first hospital for mental illness was established here. Two local Quakers became national antislavery champions. Brian Skerry is a National Geographic photojournalist, protecting global sea life. BJ's Wholesale Club distribution warehouse looms large here today.

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