Salem is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, and one of its two county seats. Home to Salem State University, the Salem Willows Park and the Peabody Essex Museum, Salem is a residential and tourist area which includes the neighborhoods of Salem Neck, The Point, South Salem and North Salem, Witchcraft Heights, Pickering Wharf, and the McIntire Historic District, which is named after famous architect and Salem native Samuel McIntire. Salem was one of the most significant seaports in early America, and a center for privateering during the American Revolution.
Featured notably in Arthur Miller's The Crucible, much of the city's cultural identity is reflective of its role as the location of the Salem witch trials of 1692. Tourism is the backbone of Salem's economy, spurred by the city's connection with the witch trials. Salem also claims to be the birthplace of the Army National Guard, owing to that in 1637 a muster was held on Salem Common, where for the first time a regiment of militia drilled for the common defense of a multi-community area.