Portal:Michigan

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The Michigan Portal

Location of Michigan within the United States

Michigan (About this sound /ˈmɪʃɨgən/ ) is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. It was named after Lake Michigan, whose name is a French adaptation of the Ojibwe term mishigami, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the eighth most populous state in the United States. It has the longest freshwater shoreline in the world, bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. In 2005, Michigan ranked third for the number of registered recreational boats, behind California and Florida. Michigan has 12,000 inland lakes. A person is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source, or more than 85 miles (137 km) from Great Lakes coastline.

The state is the only state to consist entirely of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula of Michigan, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is sometimes dubbed "the mitten," owing to its shape. When asked where in Michigan one comes from, a resident of the Lower Peninsula may often point to the corresponding part of his or her hand. The Upper Peninsula (often referred to as The U.P.) is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile-wide (8.0 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Upper Peninsula (whose residents are often called "Yoopers") is economically important for tourism and natural resources. The Upper and Lower Peninsulas are connected by the five-mile-wide (8.0 km) Mackinac Bridge, which is the third longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the world. The bridge has given rise to the nickname of "trolls" for residents of the Lower Peninsula, because they live "under" (south of) the bridge.

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Tiger's opening day, 2007
The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball team based in Detroit. The Tigers are in the American League Central Division and are the 2006 American League Champions. Since 1992 the team, operating as Detroit Tigers, Inc., a subsidiary of Ilitch Holdings, Inc., has been owned by Mike Ilitch, founder of Little Caesars Pizza and owner of the NHL's Detroit Red Wings.

The Tigers defeated Oakland, 4 games to none in the 2006 American League Championship Series but lost to the St. Louis Cardinals, 4 games to 1 in the 2006 World Series. The Tigers' last won the World Series in 1984, beating the San Diego Padres 4 games to 1. Since 2000, the Tigers have played in Comerica Park which replaced the aging Tiger Stadium.

Selected biography

An 1856 daguerreotype of James Strang
James Jesse Strang (March 21, 1813 – July 9, 1856) was one of three major contenders for leadership of the Latter Day Saint movement during the 1844 Succession Crisis. Rejected by the principal body of Mormons in Nauvoo, Illinois, he became the founder and prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, claiming it to be the sole legitimate continuation of the Church of Christ founded in 1830 by Joseph Smith, Jr.. In this capacity, he served as the crowned "king" of an ecclesiastical monarchy that existed for six years within the U.S. state of Michigan. Building an organization that eventually rivaled Brigham Young's, Strang gained nearly 12,000 adherents prior to his murder in 1856, which brought down his Beaver Island kingdom and all but extinguished his sect. In contrast to Joseph Smith, who had served as "president" of his church, Strang taught that Smith's prophetic office embodied an overtly royal attribute, by which its occupant was to be not only the spiritual leader of his people, but their temporal king as well.

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DetroitSkyline.jpg
Detroit (/dɪˈtrɔɪt/, locally also /ˈdtrɔɪt/; French: Détroit, lit. 'strait') is the largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County. The municipality of Detroit had a 2017 estimated population of 673,104, making it the 23rd-most populous city in the United States. The metropolitan area, known as Metro Detroit, is home to 4.3 million people, making it the second-largest in the Midwest after the Chicago metropolitan area. Regarded as a major cultural center, Detroit is known for its contributions to music and as a repository for art, architecture and design.

Detroit is a major port located on the Detroit River, one of the four major straits that connect the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The Detroit Metropolitan Airport is among the most important hubs in the United States. The City of Detroit anchors the second-largest regional economy in the Midwest, behind Chicago and ahead of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, and the 13th-largest in the United States. Detroit and its neighboring Canadian city Windsor are connected through a tunnel and the Ambassador Bridge, the busiest international crossing in North America. Detroit is best known as the center of the U.S. automobile industry, and the "Big Three" auto manufacturers General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler are all headquartered in Metro Detroit.


Symbols

Flag of Michigan.svg
The Flag of Michigan

Seal of Michigan.svg
The Seal of Michigan

Animate insignia
Bird American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Fish Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)
Flower Apple blossom (Malus domestica)
Game animal White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Mammal Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus) (unofficial)
Reptile Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)
Tree Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
Wildflower Dwarf Lake Iris (Iris lacustris)

Inanimate insignia
Fossil Mastodon (Mammut americanum)
Gemstone Isle Royale greenstone or Chlorastrolite
Motto "Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice"
Latin for "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you"
Nicknames
Soil Kalkaska Sand
Songs My Michigan
Stone Petoskey stone

Highway marker
M-28 route marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Michigan
Released in 2004

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