Portal:Michigan

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The Michigan Portal

Location of Michigan within the United States

Michigan (About this sound /ˈmɪʃɨgən/ ) is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. It was named after Lake Michigan, whose name is a French adaptation of the Ojibwe term mishigami, meaning "large water" or "large lake". Michigan is the eighth most populous state in the United States. It has the longest freshwater shoreline in the world, bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair. In 2005, Michigan ranked third for the number of registered recreational boats, behind California and Florida. Michigan has 12,000 inland lakes. A person is never more than six miles (9.7 km) from a natural water source, or more than 85 miles (137 km) from Great Lakes coastline.

The state is the only state to consist entirely of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula of Michigan, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is sometimes dubbed "the mitten," owing to its shape. When asked where in Michigan one comes from, a resident of the Lower Peninsula may often point to the corresponding part of his or her hand. The Upper Peninsula (often referred to as The U.P.) is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile-wide (8.0 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Upper Peninsula (whose residents are often called "Yoopers") is economically important for tourism and natural resources. The Upper and Lower Peninsulas are connected by the five-mile-wide (8.0 km) Mackinac Bridge, which is the third longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the world. The bridge has given rise to the nickname of "trolls" for residents of the Lower Peninsula, because they live "under" (south of) the bridge.

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A typical Michigan left setup.

A Michigan left, sometimes known as a median U-turn or median U-turn crossover, is an automobile traffic maneuver in which a right turn and a unidirectional U-turn replace a prohibited left turn. The term comes from the fact that the arrangement is quite common along Michigan roads and highways, and extremely rare anywhere else in the United States.

Michigan lefts occur at intersections where at least one road is a divided highway or boulevard. Left turns onto the divided highway are prohibited. Instead, drivers on roads that cross the highway are directed to turn right. Within a 1/4 mile (400 m), they queue into a designated U-turn lane in the median. When traffic clears they complete the U-turn and go back through the intersection. For additional safety purposes, the U-turn lane is designed so traffic only flows through it one-way.

Selected biography

Madonna at the premiere of the film "I Am Because We Are
Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), known as Madonna, is an American recording artist and entertainer. Born in Bay City, Michigan and raised in Rochester Hills, Michigan, Madonna moved to New York City for a career in modern dance. After performing as member of the pop musical groups Breakfast Club and Emmy, she released her self-titled debut album in 1983, and then produced three consecutive number-one studio albums on the Billboard 200 in the 1980s and four more since year 2000. Madonna is known for her works that explore religious symbolism and sexual themes which also drew criticism from the Vatican in the late 1980s. In 1992, she founded an entertainment company, Maverick, which published a book of photographs (Sex). She also released a studio album (Erotica) and starred in a film (Body of Evidence) with erotic themes. These works generated negative publicity and coincided with a fall in commercial sales in the 1990s. Madonna's career was revived in 1998, when the release of her album Ray of Light garnered critical acclaim.

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The Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island
Credit: Mactographer

The Grand Hotel is a historic lodging facility located on Mackinac Island, Michigan, a small island located at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac within Lake Huron between the state's Upper and Lower Peninsulas.

Spotlight city

Houghton.jpg

Houghton is a city in Michigan and largest city in Copper Country on the Keweenaw Peninsula. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 7,010. It is the county seat of Houghton County.

The city is located on the south shore of Portage Lake, primarily on the slope of a hill on the opposite side of the Portage Lake valley from Hancock. The city is bounded on the east by Portage Township, on the west by Dakota Heights and on the south by Hurontown, both unincorporated communities that are part of Portage Township; and also on the west by Adams Township. Houghton is named after Douglass Houghton who discovered copper nearby (though there is evidence indigenous peoples had mined copper in the area thousands of years before). Houghton is also the home of Michigan Technological University. The city is served by Houghton County Memorial Airport.

Symbols

Flag of Michigan.svg
The Flag of Michigan

Seal of Michigan.svg
The Seal of Michigan

Animate insignia
Bird American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Fish Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)
Flower Apple blossom (Malus domestica)
Game animal White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Mammal Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus) (unofficial)
Reptile Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)
Tree Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
Wildflower Dwarf Lake Iris (Iris lacustris)

Inanimate insignia
Fossil Mastodon (Mammut americanum)
Gemstone Isle Royale greenstone or Chlorastrolite
Motto "Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice"
Latin for "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you"
Nicknames
Soil Kalkaska Sand
Songs My Michigan
Stone Petoskey stone

Highway marker
{{{Name}}} Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Michigan
Released in 2004

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