A micronation, sometimes referred to as a model country or new country project, is an entity that claims to be an independent nation or state but is not recognized by world governments or major international organizations.
Micronations should not be confused with microstates, which are very small but recognized countries such as Andorra, Bhutan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, San Marino, Sikkim until 1975, and Vatican City.
They should also be distinguished from imaginary countries and from other kinds of social groups (such as eco-villages, campuses, tribes, clans, sects, and residential community associations) by expressing a formal and persistent, even if unrecognized, claim of sovereignty over some physical territory. Micronations are also distinct from true secessionist movements; micronations' activities are almost always trivial enough to be ignored rather than challenged by the established nations whose territory they claim.
Several micronations have issued coins, flags, postage stamps, passports, medals, and other items. These items are rarely accepted outside their own community but may be sold as novelties to help raise money or collected by enthusiasts.
The earliest known micronations date from the beginning of the 19th century. The advent of the Internet provided the means for people to create many new micronations, whose members are scattered all over the world and interact mostly by electronic means, often calling their nations "nomadic countries". The differences between such Internet micronations, other kinds of social networking groups, and role-playing games are often difficult to define.
The term "micronation" to describe those entities dates at least to the 1970s. The term micropatriology is sometimes used to describe the study of both micronations and microstates by micronationalists, some of whom refer to sovereign nation-states as "macronations".
The Holy Empire of Reunion
is Brazilian micronation
created in August, 1997, by law students of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
, claiming the territory of Reunion Island
as a reference to their political simulation.
In 2000, The New York Times described it as a politically active micronation, whose members are often involved in intrigues unseen since the days of the French monarchy. Reunion has around 900 citizens currently subscribed to its discussion forum, and remains active to this day. The BBC reported that its a well connected micronation, with contacts to more than 175 other virtual states. The "country" has produced flags, passports, minted coins and printed banknotes.
(Born: Tanios Abou Nader
; Arabic: طوني أبو ناضر) is a Lebanese neuro-scientist, researcher, university president, author and leader of the Transcendental Meditation movement
. He has a medical degree in internal medicine, received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology
and worked as a clinical and research fellow at a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School
Nader worked with Deepak Chopra at the Maharishi Ayurveda Health Center in Massachusetts and in 1994, published his first book, Human Physiology: Expression of Veda and the Vedic literature. He is president of both Maharishi University of Management (Holland) and Maharishi Open University.
In 2000, Nader received the title of First Sovereign Ruler of the conceptual country, Global Country of World Peace from Transcendental Meditation founder Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and in 2008, was named the Maharishi's successor. Nader published his second book, Ramayan In Human Physiology in 2011. In 2015 Nader founded the International Journal of Mathematics and Consciousness and is serving as the editor-in-chief. Read more...