Portal:Miles Davis

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Miles Davis

Miles Davis by Palumbo.jpg

Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.

Widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, Miles Davis was, with his musical groups, at the forefront of several major developments in jazz music, including bebop, cool jazz, hard bop, modal jazz, and jazz fusion. Many well-known musicians rose to prominence as members of Davis' ensembles, including saxophonists Gerry Mulligan, John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley, George Coleman, Wayne Shorter, Dave Liebman, Branford Marsalis and Kenny Garrett; trombonist J. J. Johnson; pianists Horace Silver, Red Garland, Wynton Kelly, Bill Evans, Herbie Hancock, Joe Zawinul, Chick Corea, and Keith Jarrett; guitarists John McLaughlin, Pete Cosey, John Scofield and Mike Stern; bassists Paul Chambers, Ron Carter, Dave Holland, Marcus Miller and Darryl Jones ; and drummers Elvin Jones, Philly Joe Jones, Jimmy Cobb, Tony Williams, Billy Cobham, Jack DeJohnette, and Al Foster.

On October 7, 2008, his album Kind of Blue, released in 1959, received its fourth platinum certification from the RIAA, signifying sales of 4 million copies.[1] Miles Davis was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006.[2] Davis was noted as "one of the key figures in the history of jazz".[3]

On November 5, 2009, Rep. John Conyers of Michigan sponsored a measure in the US House of Representatives to recognize and commemorate the album Kind of Blue on its 50th anniversary. The measure also affirms jazz as a national treasure and "encourages the United States government to preserve and advance the art form of jazz music."[4] It passed, unanimously, with a vote of 409–0 on December 15, 2009.[5]

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Bitches Brew is a studio double album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in April 1970 on Columbia Records. The album continued his experimentation with electric instruments previously featured on his critically acclaimed In a Silent Way album. With the use of these instruments, such as the electric piano and guitar, Davis rejected traditional jazz rhythms in favor of a looser, rock-influenced improvisational style.

Bitches Brew was Davis's first gold record,[6] selling more than half a million copies.[7] Upon release, it received a mixed response, due to the album's unconventional style and revolutionary sound. Later, Bitches Brew gained recognition as one of jazz's greatest albums and a progenitor of the jazz rock genre, as well as a major influence on rock and funk musicians.[8] In 1998, Columbia Records released The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions, a four-disc box set that included the original album as well as the studio sessions through February 1970.



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Miles Davis 23.jpg
Miles Davis in Rio de Janeiro

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  1. ^ RIAA database - Gold & Platinum search item Kind of Blue. Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved on October 17, 2008.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Miles Davis was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Miles Davis". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc.. http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/miles-davis. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  4. ^ Associated Press article published December 15, 2009 http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iUiZ2PQojIOgYW99dtMTcpluXfmwD9CJTRPO0
  5. ^ House Resolution H.RES.894 http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2009/roll971.xml
  6. ^ Bitches Brew: Miles Davis' Shot Heard 'Round the Jazz World - ColumbiaJazz. Columbia. Retrieved on 2008-08-30.
  7. ^ Miles Electric: A Different Kind of Blue (DVD) - PopMatters. PopMatters. Retrieved on 2008-08-30.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference Jurek was invoked but never defined (see the help page).