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Nairobi /nˈrbɪ/ founded in 1899 as a railway depot for the East African Railway has grown to become one of Africa's largest cities over the past century. It is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name Nairobi comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters". However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun" or by locals as "Nai". Nairobi is the seat of Nairobi County. The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1661 m (5450 ft) above sea-level.

Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with an estimated urban population of between 3 and 4 million. According to the 2009 Census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 3,138,295 inhabitants lived within 696 km². Nairobi is currently the 4th largest city in Africa and its inhabitants are referred to as Nairobians.

Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa both politically and financially. Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the main co-ordinating and headquarters for the UN in Africa & Middle East, the United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON), Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa and the second oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa's fourth largest exchange in terms of trading volume and capable of making 10 million trades a day. The Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.

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Nairobi Panorama seen from Westlands
Credit: Mkimemia
Panorama of Nairobi, seen from Westlands.
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Jomo Kenyatta International Airport

Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (IATA: NBOICAO: HKJK) is an international airport in Nairobi, the capital of and largest city in Kenya. Located in the Embakasi suburb 15 kilometres (9 mi) southeast of Nairobi's central business district, the airport has scheduled flights to destinations in over 50 countries. The airport is named after Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president and prime minister.

The airport served 5,803,635 passengers in 2011, making it the ninth-busiest airport in Africa by total passengers. The airport is the hub for flag carrier Kenya Airways and low-cost carrier Fly540. (Read more...)

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Sauti Sol

Sauti Sol is a Kenyan Afro-pop band from Nairobi comprising members; Bien-Aimé Baraza (vocals, guitar), Polycarp Otieno (guitar), Willis Austin Chimano (vocals, saxophone, keytar) and Delvin Mudigi (vocals, percussion, drums) formed in 2005. Starting off as an a cappella group, Bien, Chimano and Delvin previously met in Upper Hill high school where they performed in Voices in the Light, a high school music group. After that stint, the trio met guitarist Polycarp at Alliance Française, where they would frequent and decided to form Sauti (Swahili for voice) and immediately wrote their first song, Mafunzo ya Dunia (Life Lessons) that would later feature in their first album, Mwanzo which is Swahili for "beginning”, which was released in August 2009.

Their sophomore album, Sol Filosofia, was released in February, 2011. The band has had successful tours in Europe as well as in Africa, topped Kenyan charts and gained international attention with shows in Europe and the US, as well as television appearances, various nominations, including their 2011 celebrated concert performance in Kenya with Ladysmith Black Mambazo (Internationally renowned South African a cappella group). In June 2012, Sauti Sol released ‘Sauti Sol’, a self-titled EP and collaborative effort with South African avant-garde innovative rapper/producer Spoek Mathambo.

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EAR 59 class

The East African Railways 59 Class Garratt, which can be found at the Nairobi Railway Museum, was the largest, heaviest and most powerful steam locomotive to operate on any metre gauge railway in the world. Thirty-four of these oil-fired locomotives were supplied to EAR in 1955-56 by Beyer, Peacock & Co. Ltd of Manchester.

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