Armand Paul Alivisatos is an American scientist of Greek descent, researching the structural, thermodynamic, optical, and electrical properties of nanocrystals. In 2009, he was named the Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He was the winner of the 2009 ISNSCE Nanoscience Prize.
Alexander A. Balandin is an American and Russian electrical engineer and materials scientist known for his studies of phonons and excitons in nanostructures, experimental and theoretical investigation of thermal properties of graphene, electronic 1/f noise in novel materials and devices as well as for his works on practical applications of semiconductor nanostructures and graphene in electronics, optoelectronics and energy conversion. He is Professor of Electrical Engineering and founding Chair of Materials Science and Engineering at University of California – Riverside. He was the winner of the 2011 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for pioneering contributions to nanoscale phonon transport with applications in nanodevices, graphene devices, thermoelectric and thermal management of advanced electronics".
Angela M. Belcher is an American materials scientist and biological engineer who won the 2010 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology. She is known for her use of nanostructured inorganic materials, fabricated and shaped by biological molecules to create novel materials and processes for a variety of industries, including using genetically-modified viruses to build both anode and cathode of a lithium-ion battery.
Kim Eric Drexler is an American engineer best known for popularizing the potential of molecular nanotechnology (MNT), promoting the technological significance of nanoscale phenomena and devices through speeches and two influential books. His 1991 Ph.D. work at the MIT Media Lab was the first doctoral degree on the topic of molecular nanotechnology and was later published as Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. Drexler founded the Foresight Institute in 1986 with the mission of "preparing for nanotechnology.”
Thomas Ebbesen is a French physical chemist known for the discovery of extraordinary optical transmission, the efficient transmission of light through subwavelength holes in opaque metal films under certain conditions. He was a winner of the 2014 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging."
Christoph Gerber is a Swiss physicist at the Institute of Physics, University of Basel. He is a co-inventor of the atomic force microscope, along with Gerd Binnig and Calvin Quate, and he major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and the use of these microscopes in vacuum and at low-temperatures, and as a biochemical sensor. Gerber shared the 2007 NBIC Award for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology for his work "on nanoscale science as a pioneer in scanning probe microscopy, making major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM)", and the 2015 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for the invention and realization of atomic force microscopy, a breakthrough in measurement technology and nanosculpting that continues to have a transformative impact on nanoscience and technology."
Michael Makoto Honda is an American politician, who since 2001 has served as the U. S. Representative for California's 15th congressional district, encompassing western San Jose and Silicon Valley. Honda has been involved in technology and nanotechnology policy for many years, introducing one of the first nanotechnology-related bills in Congress in 2002, and the following year introducing the Nanotechnology Research and Development Act of 2003, which authorized federal funding in nanotechnology research, restructured the National Nanotechnology Initiative, and laid the path to address nanotechnology's social, ethical, environmental, and health issues. Honda was the winner of the 2005 Foresight Institute Government Prize for this effort.
Sumio Iijima is a Japanese physicist, often cited as the discoverer of carbon nanotubes. Iijima's 1991 paper generated unprecedented interest in the carbon nanostructures and has since fueled intense research in the area of nanotechnology. He shared the inaugural 2008 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for his "large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology”.
Charles M. Lieber is an American chemist known for his contributions to the synthesis, fundamental understanding, and assembly of nanoscale materials, pioneering demonstrations of nanodevices, the creation of nanotechnology companies and the education of numerous leaders in nanoscience. He was the winner of a 2001 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for his pioneering experimental work in molecular nanotechnology which included seminal contributions to the synthesis and characterization of the unique physical properties of carbon nanotubes and nanowires".
Donald M. Eigler is an American physicist at the IBM Almaden Research Center. In 1989, he was the first to use a scanning tunneling microscope tip to arrange individual atoms on a surface, famously spelling out the letters "IBM" with 35 xenon atoms. He later went on to create the first quantum corrals as well as nanoscale logic circuits using individual atoms of carbon monoxide. He was shared the 2010 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for "development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale".
Chad A. Mirkin is an American chemist known for his development of nanoparticle-based biodetection schemes, the invention of dip-pen nanolithography, and contributions to supramolecular chemistry, nanoelectronics, and nanooptics. The focus of his research is on developing methods for controlling the architecture of molecules and materials on the 1 - 100 nm length scale, and on utilizing such structures in the development of analytical tools. He was the winner of a 2002 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for opening up new possibilities for the fabrication of molecular machine systems by selectively functionalizing nanoparticles and surfaces, particularly with DNA".
Markus J. Buehler is an American materials scientist and engineer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Buehler's research focuses on bottom-up simulation of structural and mechanical properties of biological, bioinspired and synthetic materials across multiple scales, with a specific focus on materials failure from a nanoscale and molecular perspective, and on developing a fundamental understanding of how functional material properties are created in natural, biological and synthetic materials. He is best known for the use of simple computational models to explain complex materials phenomena in biology and engineering from a bottom-up perspective. He won the 2015 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology in Theory for "important contributions to making nanotechnology scalable for large-scale materials applications, enabled by bottom-up multiscale computational methods, and linking new manufacturing and characterization methods."
John Brian Pendry is an English theoretical physicist known for his research into refractive indices and creation of the first practical "Invisibility Cloak". His most cited paper was a short article suggesting a simple method of creating a lens whose focus was theoretically perfect. He was a winner of the 2014 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging."
Calvin F. Quate is one of the inventors of the atomic force microscope, along with Gerd Binnig and Christoph Gerber. The three shared the 2015 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience "for the invention and realization of atomic force microscopy, a breakthrough in measurement technology and nanosculpting that continues to have a transformative impact on nanoscience and technology." He is currently a professor emeritus of Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University.
Sajeev John (born 1957) is an American and Canadian physicist who in 1987 co-invented, along with Eli Yablonovitch, the concept a new class of materials with a photonic band gap called photonic crystals. At the time he was at Princeton University, and in the fall of 1989 he joined the physics faculty at the University of Toronto. He was the winner of the 2008 IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology "for the invention of photonic crystals, pioneering contributions into the study of their light-trapping properties, and development of applications".
Nadrian C. Seeman is an American chemist known as the founder of the field of DNA nanotechnology beginning in the early 1980s. Seeman's laboratory published the synthesis of the first three-dimensional nanoscale object, a cube made of DNA, in 1991, and the concepts of DNA nanotechnology later found further applications in DNA computing, DNA nanorobotics, and self-assembly of nanoelectronics. Seeman won the 1995 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for developing ways to construct three-dimensional structures, including cubes and more complex polyhedra, from synthesized DNA molecules" and shared the 2010 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience for "development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale".
Richard Errett Smalley was an American chemist who shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of a new form of carbon, buckminsterfullerene, along with Robert Curl, also a professor of chemistry at Rice, and Harold Kroto, a professor at the University of Sussex. He was a leading advocate of nanotechnology and its many applications, including its use in creating strong but lightweight materials as well as its potential to fight cancer.
Norio Taniguchi was a Japanese scientist known for the first use of the term "nanotechnology" in a talk in 1974 to describe semiconductor processes such as thin film deposition and ion beam milling exhibiting characteristic control on the order of a nanometer. Taniguchi started his research on abrasive mechanisms of high precision machining of hard and brittle materials. At Tokyo University of Science, he went on to pioneer the application of energy beam techniques to ultra precision materials processing; these included electro discharge, microwave, electron beam, photon (laser) and ion beams.
James M. Tour is a synthetic organic chemist known for his work in molecular electronics and molecular switching molecules. He has also been involved in other work, such as the creation of a nanocar and NanoKids, an interactive learning DVD to teach children fundamentals of chemistry and physics. Tour was the winner of a 2008 Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology "for the Synthesis of Nanocars... and other molecular machines [which] is providing critical insight in investigations of bottom-up molecular manufacturing".
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy was a Hungarian chemist known for his work on the heterogeneous nature of colloidal solutions, for which he received the 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He had also discovered how to reproducibly prepare gold hydrosols and also developed the slit-ultramicroscope.