Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/1
The Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916
were a series of shark attacks
along the coast of New Jersey
between July 1 and July 12, 1916, in which four people were killed and one injured. Since 1916, scholars have debated which shark species was responsible and whether one animal was involved. The attacks occurred during a deadly summer heat wave
epidemic in the northeastern United States
that drove thousands of people to the seaside resorts
of the Jersey Shore
. Shark attacks
on the Atlantic Coast of the United States
outside the semitropical
states of Florida
, and the Carolinas
were rare, but scholars believe that the increased presence of sharks and humans in the water led to the attacks in 1916.
Local and national reaction to the attacks involved a wave of panic that led to shark hunts aimed at eradicating the population of "man-eating" sharks and protecting the economies of New Jersey's seaside communities. Resort towns enclosed their public beaches with steel nets to protect swimmers. Scientific knowledge about sharks before 1916 was based on conjecture and speculation. The attacks forced ichthyologists to reassess common beliefs about the abilities of sharks and the nature of shark attacks.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/2
Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works
was a 19th-century manufacturer of railroad steam locomotives
based in Paterson
, in Passaic County
, New Jersey
, in the United States. It built more than six thousand steam locomotives for railroads around the world. Most railroads in 19th-century United States rostered at least one Rogers-built locomotive. The company's most famous product was a locomotive named The General
, built in December 1855, which was one of the principals of the Great Locomotive Chase
of the American Civil War
. Rogers was the second-most popular American locomotive manufacturer of the 19th century behind the Baldwin Locomotive Works
amongst almost a hundred manufacturers.
The company was founded by Thomas Rogers in an 1832 partnership with Morris Ketchum and Jasper Grosvenor as Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor. Rogers remained president until his death in 1856 when his son, Jacob S. Rogers, took the position and reorganized the company as Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works. The younger Rogers led the company until he retired in 1893. Robert S. Hughes then became president and reorganized the company as Rogers Locomotive Company, which he led until his death in 1900.
Rogers avoided the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) merger in 1901 through closing and reopening as Rogers Locomotive Works. The company remained independent until 1905, when ALCO purchased it; ALCO continued building new steam locomotives at the Rogers plant until 1913. ALCO used the Rogers facilities through the 1920s as a parts storage facility and warehouse, but eventually sold the property to private investors. Today, several Rogers-built locomotives exist in railroad museums around the world, and the plant's erecting shop is preserved as the Thomas Rogers Building; it is the current location of the Paterson Museum, whose mission is to preserve and display Paterson's industrial history.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/3
USS New Jersey (BB-62)
("Big J" or "Black Dragon") is an Iowa-class battleship
, and was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the U.S. state of New Jersey
. Among the four completed Iowa
-class battleships, New Jersey
is notable for having earned the most battle stars
for her combat actions, and for being the only battleship of the class to have served a tour of duty in Vietnam
during the Vietnam War
During World War II, the New Jersey shelled targets on Guam and Okinawa, and screened aircraft carriers conducting raids in the Marshall islands. During the Korean War she was involved in raids up and down the North Korean coast, after which she was decommissioned in to the United States Navy reserve fleets, better known as the "mothball fleet". She was briefly reactivated in 1968 and sent to Vietnam to support U.S. troops before returning to the mothball fleet in 1969. Reactivated once more in the 1980s as part of the 600-ship Navy program, New Jersey was modernized to carry missiles and recommissioned for service. In 1983, she participated in U.S. operations during the Lebanese Civil War.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/4
The New Jersey Devils
are a professional ice hockey
team based in Newark, New Jersey
. They are members of the Atlantic Division
of the Eastern Conference
of the National Hockey League
(NHL). The club was founded in Kansas City, Missouri
in 1974, moved to Denver, Colorado
after only two seasons, and then settled in New Jersey in 1982. Under current general manager Lou Lamoriello
, the Devils have made the playoffs
in 18 out of the last 20 seasons, including each of the last 11. They won the Stanley Cup
, and 2003
. The Devils play their home games in Newark
at the Prudential Center
, which first opened for the 2007-08 season. Previously, they played at the Continental Airlines Arena, which is now named the Izod Center
. They have rivalries
with their trans-Hudson
neighbor, the New York Rangers
, and with the Philadelphia Flyers
. The Devils or Flyers won the Atlantic Division title in every season between 1995 and 2007.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/5
The General Pulaski Skyway
is a series of cantilever truss bridges
in the northeast part
of the U.S. state
of New Jersey
. The highway carries four lanes of U.S. Route 1/9
for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) between the far east side of Newark
and Tonnelle Circle
in Jersey City
, passing over Kearny
. It is known as a "skyway" because it travels high above the meadows
to avoid drawbridges
across the Passaic
and Hackensack Rivers
, bridging each at a height of 135 feet (41.1 m). It also crosses over the New Jersey Turnpike
, many local roads, and several rail lines
. The skyway is named for General Kazimierz Pułaski
, the Polish
military leader who assisted in training and commanding Continental Army
troops in the American Revolutionary War
Trucks are prohibited from the Pulaski Skyway for the "safety and welfare of the public", due to its outdated design. They must use an alternate route known as U.S. Route 1/9 Truck, a series of local roads through Jersey City, Kearny and Newark that carried traffic before the Skyway was built. Pedestrians and bicycles are also banned, as the road is a freeway with no sidewalks.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/6
Seton Hall University
is a private Roman Catholic university
in South Orange, New Jersey
. Founded in 1856 by Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley
, Seton Hall is the oldest diocesan university in the United States
. Seton Hall is also the oldest and largest Catholic university in the State of New Jersey. The university is known for its programs in business
, and diplomacy
, as well as its basketball
team. Seton Hall is made up of nine different schools and colleges with an undergraduate enrollment of about 5,200 students and a graduate enrollment of about 4,500. Its School of Law
, which is ranked by US News & World Report
as one of the top
law schools in the nation, has an enrollment of about 1,200 students. For 2009, BusinessWeek's "Colleges with the Biggest Returns"
ranked Seton Hall among the top 50 universities in the nation that open doors to the highest salaries.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/7
The effects of Hurricane Isabel in New Jersey
in 2003 were overall moderate, limited to fallen trees, two deaths, and $50 million in damage (2003 USD, $59 million 2008 USD). Hurricane Isabel
formed from a tropical wave
on September 6
in the tropical Atlantic Ocean
. It moved northwestward, and within an environment of light wind shear and warm waters it steadily strengthened to reach peak winds of 165 mph (265 km/h) on September 11
. After fluctuating in intensity for four days, Isabel gradually weakened and made landfall on the Outer Banks
of North Carolina
with winds of 105 mph (165 km/h) on September 18
. It quickly weakened over land and became extratropical over western Pennsylvania
the next day. Several days before Isabel made landfall, there existed uncertainty in where the hurricane would strike. At least one computer model predicted a landfall on New Jersey
, and as a result services across the state thoroughly prepared for the hurricane. Isabel passed 215 miles (350 km) southwest of the state, though its large wind core produced tropical storm force winds across much of the state. The winds downed hundreds of trees and power lines, leaving hundreds of thousands without power.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/8
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
) is a bi-state port district
, established in 1921 (as the Port of New York Authority
) through an interstate compact
, that runs most of the regional transportation
infrastructure, including the bridges
, and seaports
, within the New York
Port District. This 1,500 square mile (3,900 km²) District is defined as a circle with a 25 mile (40 km) radius centered on the Statue of Liberty
in New York Harbor
The Port Authority operates the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, which handled the third largest amount of shipping of all ports in the United States in 2004 and the largest on the Eastern Seaboard. The Port Authority also operates Hudson River crossings, including the Holland Tunnel, Lincoln Tunnel, and George Washington Bridge connecting New Jersey with Manhattan, and three crossings that connect New Jersey with Staten Island.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/9
The Battle of Princeton
was a battle in which General George Washington
's revolutionary forces defeated British
forces near Princeton
, New Jersey
. On the night of January 2, 1777 George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
, repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek
. That night, he evacuated his position, circled around General Lord Cornwallis
' army, and went to attack the British garrison at Princeton
. Brigadier General Hugh Mercer
, of the Continental Army, clashed with two regiments under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood
of the British Army
. Mercer and his troops were overrun and Washington sent some militia under General John Cadwalader
to help him. The militia, on seeing the flight of Mercer's men, also began to flee. Washington rode up with reinforcements and rallied the fleeing militia. He then led the attack on Mawhood's troops, driving them back. Mawhood gave the order to retreat and most of the troops tried to flee to Cornwallis in Trenton.
In Princeton itself, General John Sullivan forced some British troops who had taken refuge in Nassau Hall to surrender, ending the battle. After the battle, Washington moved his army to Morristown, and with their third defeat in 10 days, the British evacuated southern New Jersey. With the victory at Princeton, morale rose in the ranks and more men began to enlist in the army. The battle was the last major action of Washington's winter New Jersey campaign, and the site is now Princeton Battlefield State Park.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/10
) in New Jersey
is a bypass route from a junction with Interstate 95
south of Wilmington, Delaware
to another junction with I-95 north of Trenton, New Jersey
. The route runs parallel with the New Jersey Turnpike
for most of its course. Interstate 295 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway
, designated as a bypass
around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
. Interstate 95 serves the city directly, connecting it with Wilmington and Trenton, whereas I-295 bypasses the city running east of the Delaware River
Interstate 95 was originally supposed to continue northeast from the routes' junction near Trenton on the proposed Somerset Freeway, but this plan was cancelled, limiting I-295's capability as a true bypass between Baltimore and New York City. Today, traffic on Interstate 295 is directed to take Interstate 195 (or surface street connections further south) to the New Jersey Turnpike to reach New York City. The same route is prescribed for traffic on I-95 in Pennsylvania and near Trenton to bridge the gap with I-95 further north.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/11
The Atlantic City Expressway
(officially numbered, but unsigned
, as Route 446
and abbreviated A.C. Expressway
, or ACX
, and known locally as "the Expressway
") is a 44.19-mile (71.12 km), controlled-access toll road
in New Jersey
, managed and operated by the South Jersey Transportation Authority
. It serves as an extension of the freeway portion of Route 42
southeast to Atlantic City
. It connects the Philadelphia metropolitan area
with Atlantic City and other Jersey Shore
resorts. In addition to providing a route between the Delaware Valley
and Atlantic City, as well as other Shore Points, the expressway also serves other Southern New Jersey communities, including Hammonton
and Mays Landing
. The expressway intersects many major roads, including Route 73
in Winslow Township
, Route 54
in Hammonton, Route 50
in Hamilton Township
, the Garden State Parkway
in Egg Harbor Township
, and U.S. Route 9
The Atlantic City Expressway has an open system of tolling, with two mainline toll plazas (Egg Harbor in Hamilton Township and Pleasantville) and seven exits with ramp tolls. The total cost to travel the length of the Atlantic City Expressway is currently $3.75 and E-ZPass is accepted. In 2008, two separate plans were made to raise the tolls along the road, one proposed by Governor Jon Corzine and one proposed by the South Jersey Transportation Authority that would increase tolls 50%. The latter toll increase took place effective November 18, 2008. The expressway features one service area, Farley Plaza, in Hamilton Township a short distance west of the Egg Harbor Toll Plaza, as well as a gas station and mini-mart near the Atlantic City Welcome Center in Pleasantville. In a few years, the road is expected to use all-electronic tolling.
Plans for the road go back to the 1930s, when a parkway was proposed between Camden and Atlantic City that was never built. Plans resurfaced for the road in the 1950s when a group of officials led by State Senator Frank S. Farley pushed for a road to help the area economy. The New Jersey Expressway Authority was created in 1962 to be responsible for building an expressway. The Atlantic City Expressway was built between 1962 and 1965 at a total cost of $39.8 million. The South Jersey Transportation Authority assumed control of the road in 1991 from the New Jersey Expressway Authority.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/12
The Constitution of the State of New Jersey
is the basic governing document
of the State
of New Jersey
. In addition to three British Royal Charters issued for East Jersey
, West Jersey
and united New Jersey while they were still colonies, the state has been governed by three constitutions. The first was issued on July 2, 1776, shortly before New Jersey ratified the United States Declaration of Independence
; the second was issued in 1844; and the current document was issued in 1947.
The state constitution reinforces the basic rights found in the United States Constitution, but also contains several unique provisions, such as regulations governing the operation of casinos. At 26,159 words, the document is slightly shorter than the average American state constitution (about 28,300 words).
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/13
The New York and New Jersey campaign
was a series of battles for control of New York City
and the state of New Jersey
in the American Revolutionary War
forces under General Sir William Howe
and the Continental Army
under General George Washington
in 1776 and the winter months of 1777. Howe was successful in driving Washington out of New York City, but overextended his reach into New Jersey, and ended the active campaign season in January 1777 with only a few outposts near the city. The British held New York for the rest of the war, using it as a base for expeditions against other targets.
First landing unopposed on Staten Island on July 3, 1776, Howe assembled an army composed of elements that had been withdrawn from Boston in March following their failure to hold that city, combined with additional British troops, as well as Hessian troops rented from several German principalities. Washington had New England soldiers as well as regiments from states as far south as Virginia. Landing on Long Island in August, again without opposition, Howe drove Washington him north to White Plains, New York. At that point Howe returned to Manhattan to capture forces Washington had left in the north of that island.
Washington and much of his army crossed the Hudson River into New Jersey, and retreated all the way across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania, shrinking due to ending enlistment periods, desertions, and poor morale. Howe ordered his troops into winter quarters in December, establishing a chain of outposts from New York to Burlington, New Jersey. Washington, in a tremendous boost to American morale, launched a successful strike against the Trenton garrison after crossing the icy Delaware River, prompting Howe to withdraw his chain of outposts back to New Brunswick and the coast near New York, while Washington established his winter camp at Morristown. During the remaining winter months, both sides skirmished frequently as the British sought forage and provisions.
Britain maintained control of New York City and some of the surrounding territory until the war ended in 1783, using it as a base for operations elsewhere in North America. In 1777, General Howe launched a campaign to capture Philadelphia, leaving General Sir Henry Clinton in command of the New York area, while General John Burgoyne led an attempt to gain control of the Hudson River valley from Quebec that failed at Saratoga. Northern New Jersey was the scene of skirmishing between the opposing forces for the rest of the war.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/14
U.S. Route 1/9 Truck
is a United States highway
in the northern part of New Jersey
that stretches 4.11 mi (6.61 km) from the eastern edge of Newark
to the Tonnelle Circle
in Jersey City
. It is the alternate road for U.S. Route 1/9 that trucks must use because they are prohibited from using the Pulaski Skyway
, which carries the main routes of U.S. Route 1/9
. It also serves traffic accessing the New Jersey Turnpike
, Route 440
, and Route 7
. The route is a four- to six-lane road its entire length, with portions of it being a divided highway
, that runs through urban areas. From its south end to about halfway through Kearny, U.S. Route 1/9 Truck is freeway
-standard, with access to other roads controlled by interchanges.
While the U.S. Route 1/9 Truck designation was first used in 1953, the roadway comprising the route was originally designated as an extension of pre-1927 Route 1 in 1922, a route that in its full length stretched from Trenton to Jersey City. U.S. Route 1/9 was designated along the road in 1926 and one year later, in 1927, this portion of pre-1927 Route 1 was replaced with Route 25 as well as with a portion of Route 1 north of the Communipaw Avenue intersection. Following the opening of the Pulaski Skyway in 1932, U.S. Route 1/9 and Route 25 were realigned to the new skyway. After trucks were banned from the skyway in 1934, the portion of Route 25 between Newark and Route 1 was designated as Route 25T. In 1953, U.S. Route 1/9 Truck was designated in favor of Route 25T and Route 1 along this segment of road. The portion of the truck route north of Route 7 is being rebuilt as part of a $271.9 million project that will replace the viaduct over St. Paul's Avenue. Construction, which started in late 2008, is expected to be complete in late 2012.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/15
The 2006 New Jersey state government shutdown
was the first shutdown
in the history of the U.S. state of New Jersey
. It occurred after the New Jersey Legislature
and Governor Jon Corzine
failed to agree on a state budget by the constitutional
deadline. Corzine and the Legislature also clashed on the issue of raising the state sales tax to help create a balanced budget. Exercising his constitutional powers as governor, Corzine ordered the shutdown as a means of pressuring the Legislature to pass a budget. The shutdown began at midnight on July 1, 2006, when Corzine called for an orderly shutdown of non-essential government services, which was followed by a second round of shutdowns three days later on July 4.
The shutdown officially concluded after the legislature adopted a budget on July 8. All government services were restored by 8:30 a.m. on July 10, 2006.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/16
The Battle of Bound Brook
(April 13, 1777) was a surprise attack conducted by British and Hessian forces against a Continental Army
outpost at Bound Brook, New Jersey
during the American Revolutionary War
. The British objective of capturing the entire garrison was not met, although prisoners were taken. The American commander, Major General Benjamin Lincoln
, left in great haste, abandoning papers and personal effects.
Late on the evening of April 12, 1777, four thousand British and Hessian troops under the command of Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis marched from the British stronghold of New Brunswick. All but one detachment reached positions surrounding the outpost before the battle began near daybreak the next morning. During the battle, most of the 500-man garrison escaped by the unblocked route. American reinforcements arrived in the afternoon, but not before the British plundered the outpost and began the return march to New Brunswick.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/17
The Battle of Iron Works Hill
, also known as the Battle of Mount Holly
, was a series of minor skirmishes that took place on December 22 and 23, 1776, during the American War of Independence
. They took place in Mount Holly, New Jersey
, between an American force mostly composed of colonial militia under Colonel Samuel Griffin
and a force of 2,000 Hessian mercenaries
and British Army
regulars under Carl von Donop
While the American force of 600 was eventually forced from their positions by the larger British force, the action prevented Donop from being in his assigned base at Bordentown, New Jersey and in a position to assist Johan Rall's brigade in Trenton, New Jersey when it was attacked and defeated by George Washington after his troops crossed the Delaware on the night of December 25–26.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/18
The Battle of Millstone
, also known as the Battle of Van Nest's Mill
, was a skirmish that occurred near the mill of Abraham Van Nest (in present-day Manville, New Jersey
) on January 20, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War
. A British foraging party was flanked and driven off by forces composed mostly of New Jersey
militia, depriving the British of their wagons and supplies.
This action was one of a series of skirmishes known as the Forage War that persisted in northern New Jersey through the first few months of 1777, and it demonstrated that militia companies were capable of putting up a significant fight.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/19
The Battle of Short Hills
(also known as the Battle of Metuchen Meetinghouse
and other names) was a conflict between a Continental Army
force commanded by Brigadier General William Alexander
("Lord Stirling"), and an opposing British
force commanded by Lieutenant General William Howe
. The battle took place on June 26, 1777, at Scotch Plains
, New Jersey
, during the American Revolutionary War
. Despite the name, no fighting occurred in modern day Short Hills
, a section of Millburn
In mid-June General Howe marched most of his army into central New Jersey in an attempt to lure George Washington's Continental Army to a place where it might be better attacked than its defensive position in the Watchung Mountains. When Washington refused to abandon his position Howe returned to Amboy on June 22. Washington's forward divisions, including that of Lord Stirling, shadowed this British movement, and Washington moved his main army out of the hills. Howe seized this opportunity, and on June 26 marched two columns of troops out in an attempt to cut Washington off from the high ground. These troops skirmished with Lord Stirling's troops, and eventually engaged in a pitched battle in Scotch Plains. Stirling's outnumbered force retreated, but Washington, alerted to the British movement, had by then retreated back into the hills.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/20
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek
, also known as the Second Battle of Trenton
, was a battle between American and British
troops that took place in and around Trenton, New Jersey
, on January 2, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War
, and resulted in an American victory. Following the victory at the Battle of Trenton
early in the morning of December 26, 1776, General George Washington
of the Continental Army
and his council of war expected a strong British counter-attack. Washington and his council decided to meet this attack in Trenton, and established a defensive position south of the Assunpink Creek
Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis led the British forces southward in the aftermath of the December 26 battle. Leaving 1,400 men under Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood in Princeton, Cornwallis advanced on Trenton with about 5,000 men on January 2. His advance was significantly slowed due to defensive skirmishing by American riflemen under the command of Edward Hand, and the advance guard did not reach Trenton until twilight. After assaulting the American positions three times, and being repulsed each time, Cornwallis decided to wait and finish the battle the next day. Washington moved his army around Cornwallis's camp that night and attacked Mawhood at Princeton the next day. That defeat prompted the British to withdraw from most of New Jersey for the winter.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/21
The Battle of Trenton
took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War
, after General George Washington
's crossing of the Delaware River
north of Trenton, New Jersey
. The hazardous crossing in adverse weather made it possible for Washington to lead the main body of the Continental Army
soldiers garrisoned at Trenton. After a brief battle, nearly the entire Hessian force was captured, with negligible losses to the Americans. The battle significantly boosted the Continental Army's flagging morale, and inspired re-enlistments.
The Continental Army had previously suffered several defeats in New York and had been forced to retreat through New Jersey to Pennsylvania. Morale in the army was low; to end the year on a positive note, George Washington—Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army—devised a plan to cross the Delaware River on the night of December 25–26 and surround the Hessian garrison the next morning.
Because the river was icy and the weather severe, the crossing proved dangerous. Two detachments were unable to cross the river, leaving Washington and the 2,400 men under his command alone in the assault. The army marched 9 miles (14 km) south to Trenton. The Hessians had lowered their guard, thinking they were safe from the American army, and did not post a dawn sentry. Washington's forces caught them off guard and, before the Hessians could resist, they were taken prisoner. Almost two thirds of the 1,500-man garrison was captured, and only a few troops escaped across Assunpink Creek.
Despite the battle's small numbers, the American victory inspired rebels in the colonies. With the success of the revolution in doubt a week earlier, the army had seemed on the verge of collapse. The dramatic victory inspired soldiers to serve longer and attracted new recruits to the ranks.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/22
The Forage War
was a partisan
campaign consisting of numerous small skirmishes that took place in New Jersey
during the American Revolutionary War
between January and March 1777, following the battles of Trenton
. After both British and Continental Army
troops entered their winter quarters in early January, Continental Army
regulars and militia companies from New Jersey and Pennsylvania
engaged in numerous scouting and harassing operations against the British and German troops quartered in New Jersey.
The British troops wanted to have fresh provisions to consume, and also required fresh forage for their draft animals and horses. General George Washington ordered the systematic removal of such supplies from areas easily accessible to the British, and companies of American militia and troops harassed British and German forays to acquire such provisions. While many of these operations were small, in some cases they became quite elaborate, involving more than 1,000 troops. The American operations were so successful that British casualties in New Jersey (including those of the battles at Trenton and Princeton) exceeded those of the entire campaign for New York.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/23
The Hudson County Courthouse
or Justice William J. Brennan Jr. Courthouse
is located in Jersey City, New Jersey
. The six-story structure was originally built between 1906 and 1910 at a cost of $3,328,016.56. It is considered to be an outstanding example of the Beaux-Arts architectural style
in the United States
The courthouse was used as the primary seat of government for Hudson County from its opening on September 20, 1910 until the construction of the Hudson County Administration Building in 1966. The courthouse was vacant for many years and was scheduled for demolition. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1970. Restoration began in the mid-1970s, and the building was reopened in 1985. In 1984, the Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders renamed the building in honor of Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan Jr. The restoration of the courthouse was acknowledged by a Victorian Society in America Preservation Award in 1988.
As of 2011, the courthouse has seven working courtrooms and also houses the offices of the County Executive and the Hudson County Bar Association; in the past it has been used in a number of television programs and movies, including scenes in the television series Law & Order, and for commercials.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/24
) in New Jersey
is an auxiliary Interstate Highway
, designated as a bypass
around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
. The route begins at a junction with Interstate 95
south of Wilmington, Delaware
, and runs to another junction with I-95 north of Trenton, New Jersey
. The route heads east from I-95 and crosses the Delaware River
from Delaware to New Jersey on the Delaware Memorial Bridge
concurrent with U.S. Route 40
. Upon entering New Jersey, the two routes split and I-295 runs parallel to the New Jersey Turnpike
for most of its course in New Jersey. After a concurrency with U.S. Route 130
in Gloucester County
, I-295 interchanges with Interstate 76
and Route 42
in Camden County
. The route continues northeast toward Trenton, where it intersects Interstate 195
and Route 29
before bypassing the city to the east and ending at an interchange with U.S. Route 1
in Lawrence Township
, where the route becomes I-95 southbound.
Two portions of I-295 predate the Interstate Highway System, the Delaware Memorial Bridge, built in 1951, and the portion concurrent with US 130, built in two sections that opened in 1948 and 1954. The route was designated on these sections in 1958. The portion of I-295 connecting to I-95 in Delaware opened in 1963 while most of the route in New Jersey was finished by the 1980s. The last portion of I-295 to be completed, near the interchange with I-195 and Route 29, was completed in 1994. Interstate 95 was originally supposed to continue northeast from the routes' junction near Trenton on the proposed Somerset Freeway, but this plan was canceled, limiting I-295's capability as a true bypass between Baltimore and New York City. Today, traffic on Interstate 295 is directed to take Interstate 195 (or surface street connections further south) to the New Jersey Turnpike to reach New York City. The same route is prescribed for traffic on I-95 in Pennsylvania and near Trenton to bridge the gap with I-95 further north. I-295 previously extended a few miles past the US 1 interchange to where it would have met the Somerset Freeway; in 1993, the portion past US 1 became part of I-95. As a result of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project in Bristol Township, Pennsylvania, I-295 was originally planned to continue past its northern terminus along I-95, crossing into Pennsylvania and heading south to the interchange. Instead, it was decided that I-195 would be extended into Pennsylvania, moving the northern terminus of I-295 to the I-195 interchange south of Trenton.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/25
) is an Interstate Highway
that serves as a major thoroughfare through Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
, where it is known as the Vine Street Expressway
, and Camden
, New Jersey
, where it is known as the northern segment of the North–South Freeway
, as well as the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Highway
. Its western terminus is at I-76
in Philadelphia near the Philadelphia Museum of Art
. From there it heads east towards the Ben Franklin Bridge
. On the New Jersey side of the bridge, the highway heads south to its southern terminus at I-76 in Gloucester City
near the Walt Whitman Bridge
. Between the western terminus and downtown Camden, I-676 is concurrent
with U.S. Route 30
After World War II, freeway approaches were planned for both sides of the Ben Franklin Bridge, which was completed in 1926 and served as a part of US 30. In Pennsylvania, the Vine Street Expressway was planned to run along the northern edge of Center City Philadelphia to the Schuylkill River, while in New Jersey, the North-South Freeway was to head south along the Route 42 corridor. When the Interstate Highway System was created in the 1950s, this stretch of highway was a part of I-80S, with Interstate 680 continuing on the Schuylkill Expressway to the Walt Whitman Bridge. In 1964, the designations became I-76 and I-676, respectively, and in the 1970s the two routes were switched onto their current alignments. I-676 in New Jersey was completed between I-76 and Morgan Boulevard by 1960 and north of there to downtown Camden by the 1980s. The Vine Street Expressway was opened from the Schuylkill Expressway to 18th Street by 1960 and east of there to the Ben Franklin Bridge on January 10, 1991 after several obstacles to construction.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/26
is a state highway
in Bergen County
, New Jersey
, United States
, that provides a major route from the George Washington Bridge
, Lincoln Tunnel
and other northeast New Jersey points to the New York State Thruway
at Suffern, New York
. It runs 27.20 mi (43.77 km) from Route 7
/County Route 507
in North Arlington
north to the New York
border along Interstate 287
, where New York State Route 17
continues into New York. Between Route 7 and Route 3
, Route 17 serves as a local road. From Route 3 north to the junction with U.S. Route 46
in Hasbrouck Heights
, the road is a suburban arterial
. The portion of Route 17, from US 46 to Interstate 287 near the state line in Mahwah, is an expressway
with all cross traffic handled by interchanges
, and many driveways and side streets accessed from right-in/right-out
ramps from the right lane. For three miles (5 km) north of Route 4
, well over a hundred retail stores and several large shopping malls line the route in the borough of Paramus
. The remainder of this portion of Route 17 features lighter suburban development. The northernmost portion of Route 17 in Mahwah runs concurrent
with Interstate 287 to the New York border.
Prior to 1927, the route was designated as Route 17N, which was to run from Newark to the New York state line. This route had followed various local streets, including the Franklin Turnpike north of Hackensack. In 1927, Route 17N became Route 2, which was designated along the portion of Route 17N between Route 7 in North Arlington to the New York border near Suffern, New York. This route was moved to a multilane divided highway alignment north of Rutherford by 1937. Route 2 became Route 17 in 1942 to match the designation of New York State Route 17 for defense purposes during World War II. The entire Route 17 corridor was once planned to be a freeway until the 1960s and later plans to extend the route south of Route 3 to Interstate 280 in 1972 and to the New Jersey Turnpike in 1987 both failed. Over the years, the portion of Route 17 north of Route 3 has seen many improvements, including the widening of much of the road to six lanes and the removal of most at-grade intersections in the 1950s as well as more recent improvements to the interchanges with Route 4 in Paramus in 1999 and Essex Street on the Lodi/Maywood border in 2008. The route is currently undergoing improvements between Route 3 and U.S. Route 46 and is expected to see improvements from Williams Avenue in Hasbrouck Heights to south of Route 4 in Paramus.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/27
is a 3.45-mile (5.55 km) freeway
in Hudson County
, New Jersey
in the United States
that connects the New Jersey Turnpike
) at exits 16E and 17 in Secaucus
to the Lincoln Tunnel
, providing access to midtown Manhattan
. The road is owned and operated by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority
between the New Jersey Turnpike and Route 3
, the New Jersey Department of Transportation
between Route 3
and Park Avenue near the Union City
/Weehawken border, and by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
east of Park Avenue, including the helix
used to descend the New Jersey Palisades
to reach the entrance of the Lincoln Tunnel. Route 495 is mostly a six-lane freeway with a contraflow bus
lane used during the morning rush hour and a speed limit ranging from 35 mph (56 km/h) to 50 mph (80 km/h).
The first portion of the present-day Route 495, at the entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel, was constructed in 1937 when the Lincoln Tunnel opened. In 1939, it was extended west to Route 3 and it became an eastern extension of that route. In 1952, the portion of the route west of Route 3 was opened when the New Jersey Turnpike was completed. In 1958, the road was incorporated into the Interstate Highway System and was designated as part of Interstate 495. Since the Mid-Manhattan Expressway that would have connected the route to New York's Interstate 495 (Long Island Expressway) was canceled, Interstate 495 officially became New Jersey Route 495 in 1979 with signs being changed in 1989.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/28
Seton Hall University
is a private Roman Catholic university
in South Orange, New Jersey
, United States
. Founded in 1856 by Archbishop James Roosevelt Bayley
, Seton Hall is the oldest diocesan university in the United States. Seton Hall is also the oldest and largest Catholic university in the State of New Jersey
. The university is known for its programs in business
, and diplomacy
Seton Hall is made up of eight different schools and colleges with an undergraduate enrollment of about 5,200 students and a graduate enrollment of about 4,400. Its School of Law, which is ranked by US News & World Report as one of the top 100 law schools in the nation, has an enrollment of about 1,200 students. For 2009, BusinessWeek's "Colleges with the Biggest Returns" ranked Seton Hall among the top 50 universities in the nation that open doors to the highest salaries. Seton Hall's Stillman School of Business is ranked 56 out of the top 100 undergraduate business schools and #1 in the state of New Jersey according to BusinessWeek.
The Seton Hall College of Medicine and Dentistry was the first school of medicine in the State of New Jersey. The school was acquired by the state in 1965, and is now the New Jersey Medical School, part of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/29
is a township
in Bergen County
, New Jersey
, and a suburb
in the New York metropolitan area
. As of the United States 2000 Census
, the township population was 39,260, making it the second-most populous among the 70 municipalities in Bergen County. The Census Bureau's 2009 population estimate for the township was 38,633.
Teaneck was created on February 19, 1895 by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. Teaneck was formed from portions of Englewood Township and Ridgefield Township, both of which are now defunct (despite existing municipalities with similar names), along with portions of Bogota and Leonia. Independence followed the result of a referendum held on January 14, 1895, in which voters favored incorporation by a 46–7 margin. To assuage the concerns of Englewood Township's leaders, the new municipality was formed as a township, rather than succumbing to the borough craze sweeping across Bergen County at the time. On May 3, 1921, and June 1, 1926, portions of what had been Teaneck were transferred to Overpeck Township.
Teaneck lies at the crossroads of Interstate 95 and the eastern terminus of Interstate 80. It is bisected north and south by Route 4 and east and west by the CSX Transportation West Shore Line. Commercial development is concentrated in four main shopping areas, on Cedar Lane, Teaneck Road, DeGraw Avenue, West Englewood Ave. and Queen Anne Road, more commonly known as "The Plaza".
Teaneck's location at the crossroads of river, road, train and other geographical features has made it a site of many momentous events across the centuries. After the American defeat at the Battle of Fort Washington, George Washington and the troops of the Continental Army retreated across New Jersey from the British Army, traveling through Teaneck and crossing the Hackensack River at New Bridge Landing, which has since been turned into a state park and historic site commemorating the events of 1776 and of early colonial life. In 1965, Teaneck became the first community in the nation with a white majority to voluntarily desegregate its public schools, after the Board of Education approved the plan by a 7–2 vote on May 13, 1964. Teaneck has a diverse population, with large Jewish and African American communities, and growing numbers of Hispanic and Asian residents.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/30
U.S. Route 1/9
(US 1/9) is the 31.01-mile (49.91 km) long concurrency
of US 1
and US 9
from their junction in Woodbridge Township
, Middlesex County
, New Jersey
north to New York City
. The route is a multilane road, with some freeway portions, that runs through urbanized areas of northern New Jersey adjacent to New York City. Throughout most of its length in New Jersey, the road runs near the New Jersey Turnpike
(I-95). In Fort Lee
, US 1/9 merges onto I-95 and crosses the Hudson River
on the George Washington Bridge
, where the two U.S. routes split a short distance into New York. US 1/9 intersects several major roads, including I-278
, Route 81
and US 22
, Route 139
in Jersey City
, Route 3
and Route 495
in North Bergen
, and US 46
in Palisades Park
. Between Newark and Jersey City, US 1/9 runs along the Pulaski Skyway
. Trucks are banned from this section of road and must use US 1/9 Truck
. The concurrency between US 1 and US 9 is commonly referred to as "1 and 9". Some signage for the concurrency, as well as the truck route, combines the two roads into one shield, separated by a hyphen (1-9) or an ampersand (1&9).
The current alignment of US 1/9 south of Elizabeth was planned as pre-1927 Route 1 in 1916; this road was extended to the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City in 1922. When the U.S. Highway System was created in 1926, US 1 and US 9 were marked concurrent through northern New Jersey between Rahway on the current alignments of Route 27 and US 1/9 Truck. In 1927, pre-1927 Route 1 became Route 25, and Route 1 and Route 6 were legislated along the current US 1/9 north of Jersey City. US 1/9 originally went to the Holland Tunnel on Route 25; after the George Washington Bridge opened the two routes were realigned to their current routing north of Jersey City. After the Pulaski Skyway opened in 1932, US 1/9 and Route 25 were routed to use this road, which soon had a truck ban resulting in the creation of Route 25T (now US 1/9 Truck). South of Newark, US 1/9 was moved from Route 27 to Route 25. In 1953, the state highways running concurrent with US 1/9 in New Jersey were removed. In 1964, the approaches to the George Washington Bridge were upgraded into I-95.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/31
U.S. Route 30
is a U.S. highway
running from Astoria, Oregon
east to Atlantic City, New Jersey
. In the U.S. state
of New Jersey
, US 30 runs 58.26 miles (93.76 km) from the Benjamin Franklin Bridge
at the Delaware River
, Camden County
(I-676) southeast to Virginia Avenue in Atlantic City, Atlantic County
. Most of the route in New Jersey is known as the White Horse Pike
and is four lanes wide. The road runs through mostly developed areas in Camden County, with surroundings becoming more rural as the road approaches Atlantic County. US 30 runs through several towns including Collingswood
, Egg Harbor City
, and Absecon
Most of US 30 in New Jersey follows the White Horse Pike, a turnpike chartered in 1854 to run from Camden to Stratford and eventually toward Atlantic City. In 1917, pre-1927 Route 3 was legislated to run from Camden to Absecon on the White Horse Pike, while US 30 was designated in New Jersey in 1926 to connect Camden and Atlantic City via the White Horse Pike. A year later, pre-1927 Route 3 was replaced by Route 43, which ran between US 130 near Camden and US 9 (now Route 157) in Absecon, and Route 25 was designated along the portion of US 30 between the Ben Franklin Bridge and US 130. The segment of US 30 past Route 43 into Atlantic City became Route 56 in 1938. In 1953, the state highway designations were removed from US 30. A freeway was proposed for US 30 in Camden County during the late 1960s, running from Camden to Berlin; however, it was never built.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/32
Washington's crossing of the Delaware River
, which occurred on December 25, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War
, was the first move in a surprise attack organized by George Washington
against the Hessian
forces in Trenton, New Jersey
. Planned in partial secrecy, Washington led a column of Continental Army
troops across the icy Delaware River
in a logistically challenging and potentially dangerous operation. Other planned crossings in support of the operation were either called off or ineffective, but this did not prevent Washington from successfully surprising and defeating
the troops of Johann Rall
quartered in Trenton. The army crossed the river back to Pennsylvania, this time burdened by prisoners and military stores taken as a result of the battle.
Washington's army then crossed the river a third time at the end of the year, under conditions made more difficult by the uncertain thickness of the ice on the river. They defeated British reinforcements under Lord Cornwallis on January 2, 1777, and defeated his rear guard at Princeton before retreating to winter quarters in Morristown, New Jersey.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/33
The 2009 Hudson River mid-air collision
was a flight accident that occurred on August 8, 2009, at 11:56 a.m. (15:56 UTC), in which nine people died when a tour helicopter and a small private airplane collided over the Hudson River
near Frank Sinatra Park
in Hoboken, New Jersey
The aircraft were in an area known as the "Hudson River VFR Corridor", which extends from the surface of the river to altitudes of 800 to 1,500 feet (240 to 460 m) at various locations along the Hudson River in the immediate area of New York City. Within this corridor, aircraft operate under visual flight rules, under which the responsibility to see and avoid other air traffic rests with the individual pilots rather than with the air traffic controller.
Because of the heavy commercial air traffic into Newark, LaGuardia, and Kennedy airports, small aircraft are restricted from much of the airspace around the city. Many airplanes that need to transit the New York metro area use the VFR corridor as an alternative to going east of the city (over water) or west (toward Pennsylvania). The corridor is also heavily used by helicopter tour companies, which take passengers on sight-seeing tours of the New York skyline. Visual flight rules on the river corridors by Manhattan have been subject to considerable debate since the 2006 New York City plane crash, in which New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle crashed into an apartment building while flying using visual flight rules on the East River. This was the first aircraft collision over the Hudson River since 1976.
The collision, which occurred opposite Manhattan's 14th Street, was about 40 blocks south of where US Airways Flight 1549 ditched in the Hudson River on January 15, 2009, with no loss of life, after the plane suffered a complete loss of thrust following a bird strike.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/34
The Ambush of Geary
was a skirmish of the American Revolutionary War
fought on December 14, 1776 near Ringoes
in Amwell Township
, Hunterdon County
, New Jersey
Francis Geary, the leader of a company of dragoons, was shot in an ambush set up by local militiamen.
After British forces captured New York City in the first part of the New York and New Jersey campaign, they established outposts throughout central New Jersey. Geary, the son of Admiral Sir Francis Geary, was operating from a station at Pennington when he was killed in the ambush. His body was concealed and later buried in a shallow grave, preventing its recovery by British troops. In the 19th century local historical interest led to the confirmation of his grave's location, and the establishment of markers at the site and in England.
Making a casualty of Geary was one of a number of militia actions that resulted in a reduced scope of British reconnaissance, contributing to the eventual success of George Washington's crossing of the Delaware and success at Trenton.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/35
Anderson Street Station
is a New Jersey Transit
rail station on the Pascack Valley Line
. The station is one of two rail stations in Hackensack
, New Jersey
, United States, and is located at Anderson Street near Linden Street. The Essex Street
station is also located in Hackensack. This line runs to Hoboken Terminal
with connections via the Secaucus Junction
transfer station to New Jersey Transit one-stop service to New York Penn Station
and to other NJ Transit rail service. All normal schedule trains service this station seven days a week, except for the Metro-North Railroad
Express trains to Spring Valley, New York
The station house was built in 1869 (and opened on September 9, 1869) by the Hackensack and New York Railroad on a track extension from Passaic Street in Hackensack. The station was turned over to the Erie Railroad in 1896 and New Jersey Transit in 1983. The next year, the station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The station building, which was 139 years old, was destroyed in a three-alarm fire and explosion at 5:55 a.m. on January 10, 2009. At the time the station house was the second-oldest (active service) in New Jersey (second to Ramsey's Main Street station). The station building was also the site for the Green Caboose Thrift Shop, a charity gift shop maintained by a branch of the Hackensack University Medical Center from 1962 until the station depot burned in 2009.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/36
is an extinct genus
of gilled fungus
in the Agaricales
, containing the single species Archaeomarasmius leggetti
. It is known from two fruit bodies
recovered from amber
, one consisting of a complete cap
with a broken stem
, the other consisting of a fragment of a cap. The cap has a diameter ranging from 3.2 to 6 mm (0.13 to 0.24 in), while the stem is 0.5 mm (0.02 in) thick. Spores
were also recovered from the amber, and are broadly ellipsoid to egg-shaped, measuring roughly 7.3 by 4.7 μm
. The species, which resembles the extant genera Marasmius
, is inferred to have been saprobic
on plant litter
or other forest debris
The genus is solely known from the New Jersey amber deposits along the Atlantic coastal plain in New Jersey, United States, which date from the Turonian stage (about 90–94 Mya) of the Upper Cretaceous. Archaeomarasmius is one of only five known agaric fungus species known in the fossil record, and the only one to be described from New Jersey amber.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/37
The Atlantic City – Brigantine Connector
, also known as the Atlantic City Expressway Connector
or simply the Brigantine Connector
, is a highway connector
in Atlantic City, New Jersey
. It connects the Atlantic City Expressway
with Route 87
, which leads into Brigantine
, a beach resort along the Atlantic Ocean
. The connector is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long and is maintained by the South Jersey Transportation Authority
. It is considered to be a state highway
and is assigned the route number Route 446X
; however, the route number is unsigned
. The connector consists of lettered exits from A to I in south to north order and features 10 bridges and 15 ramps throughout its length.
The Atlantic City – Brigantine Connector was initially planned in 1995 to provide a direct connection between the Atlantic City Expressway and the Brigantine area. Construction of the road was completed in 2001 at a total cost of $330 million (equivalent to $446 million in 2017). Before the Atlantic City – Brigantine Connector was planned, Mirage Resorts president Steve Wynn acquired a piece of land near the northern end of the proposed connector and planned for a direct exit ramp to a proposed casino called Le Jardin. Donald Trump, the chief executive officer of Trump Organization, who owned the nearby Trump Marina (now Golden Nugget), took legal action against the state for the proposed ramp to Wynn’s casino. Despite the legal concerns, construction on the connector began in 1998. Wynn’s proposed casino was canceled following the acquisition of Mirage Resorts by MGM Grand Inc., which, as the MGM Mirage company, proposed the Borgata casino. Meanwhile, Trump’s casino received a direct ramp from the connector.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/38
is a type of banquet
in which sliced beef tenderloin is served to diners as all-you-can-eat finger food
. The dining style originated in 19th-century New York City
as a type of working-class celebration but went into a decline in the mid-20th century. Resurrected by caterers in New Jersey
, the beefsteak banquet style is now popular in Bergen
counties in New Jersey, but remains nearly unheard of elsewhere, including in New York City, where the style originated.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/39
Carlton Hill Station
was a former railroad station
for the Erie Railroad
in the community of Rutherford, New Jersey
, United States
. Carlton Hill station was the second station along the Erie's main line and the first station after Rutherford Junction, where the Erie's main line forked from the Bergen County Railroad
. The station provided service for passengers in Rutherford's Carlton Hill district and freight billing for the Royce Chemical Company. After Carlton Hill, the main line continued westward to Passaic Park
and eastward to Rutherford–East Rutherford
and Pavonia Terminal
Carlton Hill Station opened in 1888 on Jackson Avenue and namesake Erie Avenue in Rutherford. The station was served by the main line until 1963, when the Passaic Plan was undertaken, removing tracks at Passaic Park, Passaic, Clifton, and Lake View stations. At that point, the nearby drawbridge was permanently swung open and later removed, leaving a branch to Carlton Hill. For the next few years, Carlton Hill received deadhead trains and a rare Carlton Hill – Rutherford – Hoboken Terminal train schedule. In 1966, when several underused branches, including the Carlton Hill, lost service, the old main line alignment to Carlton Hill was abandoned. The tracks remain, though the building is gone.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/40
The Darlington's Bridge at Delaware Station
was a highway bridge over the Delaware River
in the community of Delaware, New Jersey
(known locally as Delaware Station). Formerly a railroad bridge constructed by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad
in 1855, the bridge was sold off when the new one upstream was constructed. Henry V. Darlington, an Episcopal
minister in Delaware and nearby Belvidere
offered to buy the second-hand bridge for $5,000 (1914 USD, equal to $119,551 today). Darlington converted it into a highway bridge, using two fired members of the nearby Meyer's Ferry to be toll collectors. The bridge prospered, becoming a part of State Highway Route 6 in 1927 and U.S. Route 46
in 1936. In 1932, during the massive state takeover of bridges by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission
, Darlington refused offers, bargaining his way up to $275,000 (1932 USD, equal to $4,827,256 today) before accepting the sale. This amount was a far cry from the nearby Belvidere-Riverton
and Portland-Columbia Covered Bridge
, which were accepted for $60,000 (equal to $1,053,220 today) and $50,000 (equal to $877,683 today) respectively. On that moment, tolls along the bridge and Route 6 were eliminated. The bridge prospered toll-free for another 21 years, until the construction of the Portland-Columbia Toll Bridge
upstream at Columbia. Although Reverend Darlington was still alive to see all this transpire, the Commission ceased operations on the Darlington Bridge on April 3, 1954, and the bridge was immediately demolished.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/41
The Grove Church Cemetery
is a nonsectarian
cemetery, located on the western slope of the Hudson Palisades
, along with several other cemeteries in a string of green open space, in Hudson County, New Jersey
, United States. The Grove Church, who owns the cemetery, is one of the oldest religious bodies in the area, and it has had an operating cemetery since 1847. Throughout its history, prominent families have been buried there, as well as American Civil war veterans. There have also been reports of vandalism and misuse of the property since the 19th century, and in 2007 some of the cemetery grounds were occupied by the homeless.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/42
Hard Justice (2008)
was a professional wrestling pay-per-view
produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
(TNA), which took place on August 10, 2008 at the Sovereign Bank Arena
in Trenton, New Jersey
. It was the fourth annual event under the Hard Justice
chronology. Seven professional wrestling matches
were featured on the event's card
The main event saw Samoa Joe defeat Booker T, who was accompanied by Sharmell, in a steel structure with six sides that was filled with weapons—a match titled a Six Sides of Steel Weapons match—to retain the TNA World Heavyweight Championship. A.J. Styles defeated Kurt Angle in the second main match on the card in which the wrestler who was unable to respond to a ten count by the referee would lose. Two tag team matches were featured bouts scheduled on the undercard. In the first, Christian Cage and Rhino defeated Team 3D (Brother Ray and Brother Devon) in a New Jersey Street Fight in which no one could be disqualified. The second was for the TNA World Tag Team Championship, in which Beer Money, Inc. (Robert Roode and James Storm) defeated the champions, The Latin American Xchange (Homicide and Hernandez), to win the championship.
The event marked the beginning of a return angle for Jeff Jarrett, who had not been active in the company since May 2007, when Samoa Joe used the signature weapon of Jarrett's (an acoustic guitar) in his match with Booker T. When the event was released on DVD, it reached a peak position of number five on Billboard's DVD Sales Chart. Wrestling Observer.com and 411Mania.com writer Larry Csonka rated the entire event a 7.6 out of 10 stars, higher than the 2007 event's rating of 4.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/43
was a canceled station on New Jersey Transit
's North Jersey Coast Line
between the South Amboy
stations in the community of Laurence Harbor
(located in Old Bridge
). The station was first proposed in the 1980s, although no progress was made until August 2001, when the transportation officials said the official station could be constructed within several years. After several years of proposals, along with the passing of a high opposer in 2003, the station came up once again in 2008. That year, the proposed Metropark South
was brought back to the Old Bridge council by developer Michael Alfieri. His proposal also brought up the plans for new residential homes, commercial businesses along with the new station. The proposal was conditionally accepted in November of that year. As of 2009, there is no forward on the actual station being constructed.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/44
(also known as the Centre Street Bridge
) was a short state highway in Newark, New Jersey
and Harrison, New Jersey
in the counties of Essex
, which are located in the United States
. The Centre Street Bridge was first constructed in 1834 as a single-level railroad bridge. However, in 1911, almost eight decades later, a second, upper level was constructed for rapid transit
. In 1937, the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad
, now part of the Port Authority Trans-Hudson
line, was realigned onto railroad tracks along New Jersey Route 21
. The upper level of the bridge was abandoned for this purpose, and was later converted to roadway. At the western end in Newark it ran just south of Park Place, beginning at Center Street. The route headed eastward, crossing over Route 21 and the Passaic River before entering Harrison, where it terminated at Second Street north of New Jersey Railroad Avenue.
Eventually, the upper level roadway was designated by the New Jersey State Highway Department as Route 25AD. A spur of the recently designated State Highway Route 25A, the highway department made the roadway a suffixed spur of the highway because of the close proximity. Route 25A later became New Jersey Route 58 and is now an alignment of Interstate 280. The designation remained intact until the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering on January 1, 1953, when it was changed to New Jersey Route 158. Route 158 appeared on the state map for New Jersey until up to 1960, when it disappeared from the maps as a public highway. After 1960, Route 158 did not appear on maps, and the bridge was torn down around 1979.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/45
is a 0.32-mile (0.51 km) long state highway
in the U.S. state
of New Jersey
. It is a state-maintained bridge over Amtrak
and New Jersey Transit
's Northeast Corridor
line in West Windsor
. Route 64 begins at an intersection with County Route 526
and County Route 571
in West Windsor. It heads along the bridge to an intersection with County Route 615, where Route 64 ends. County routes 526 and 571, which are unofficially concurrent with Route 64, continues to Hightstown
Route 64 was designated originally as an alignment of Route 31A, a spur off of State Highway Route 31 (currently U.S. Route 206) from Princeton eastward to Hightstown, where it met State Highway Route 33. The state planned on turning the alignment into a full-fledged expressway for several decades, including constructing the alignment that Route 64 currently uses in 1939. The route was amended in 1941, and was renumbered from Route 31A to Route 64 in the 1953 renumbering. Route 64 was proposed to become part of the Princeton–Hightstown Bypass (later designated New Jersey Route 92), but completion never occurred. Currently, the route remains the bridge over the Northeast Corridor. However, it is not currently planned that Route 64 will receive an extension of sorts from the proposed Penns Neck Bypass to U.S. Route 1, a proposed realignment of County routes 526 and 571.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/46
No Mercy (2004)
was a professional wrestling pay-per-view
(PPV) event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment
(WWE), which took place on October 3, 2004 at the Continental Airlines Arena
in East Rutherford
, New Jersey
. It was the fifth annual No Mercy
event, and featured eight professional wrestling matches on the event's card
. The buildup to the matches and the scenarios that took place before, during, and after the event were planned by WWE's script writers
. The event starred wrestlers
from the SmackDown!
brand: a storyline expansion
of the promotion where employees are assigned to a wrestling brand under the WWE banner.
The main event was a Last Ride match, where the objective was to place an opponent in a hearse located on the entrance stage and drive them out of the arena. WWE Champion John "Bradshaw" Layfield (JBL) defeated The Undertaker in this match to retain his title. Two predominant bouts were featured on the undercard; in respective singles matches, John Cena defeated Booker T to win the WWE United States Championship, and The Big Show defeated Kurt Angle.
No Mercy grossed over $700,000 ticket sales from an attendance of 10,000, and received 240,000 pay-per-view buys. This event helped WWE increase its pay-per-view revenue by $6.2 compared to the previous year. The professional wrestling section of the Canadian Online Explorer website rated the entire event a 5 out 10 stars, describing the event as, "an absolutely terrible" pay-per-view event.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/47
The Palisades Interstate Parkway
) is a 38.25-mile (61.56 km) long limited-access highway
in the U.S. states
of New Jersey
and New York
. The parkway is a major commuter
route into New York City
counties in New York and Bergen County
in New Jersey. The southern terminus of the route is at the George Washington Bridge
in Fort Lee, New Jersey
, where it connects to Interstate 95
(I-95), U.S. Route 1–9
(US 1–9), US 46
and Route 4
. Its northern terminus is at a traffic circle
in Fort Montgomery, New York
, where the PIP meets US 9W
and US 202
at the Bear Mountain Bridge
. At exit 18, the PIP forms a concurrency
with US 6
for the duration of its run.
The route is named for the New Jersey Palisades, a line of cliffs rising along the western side of the Hudson River. In New Jersey, the parkway is designated, but not signed as, Route 445. A short spur in Fort Lee is designated, but not signed as, Route 445S. In New York, the roadway is designated New York State Route 987C (NY 987C), an unsigned reference route. As with most parkways in the New York metropolitan area, commercial traffic is prohibited from using the PIP. The Palisades Interstate Parkway was built from 1947–1958, and fully opened to traffic on August 28, 1958.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/48
The Riverton–Belvidere Bridge
is a bridge
crossing the Delaware River
. It connects Belvidere, New Jersey
with Riverton, Pennsylvania
. There is no toll for crossing on either side, after tolls were abolished by the Joint Commission for the Elimination of Toll Bridges in 1929. The bridge is 653 feet (199 m) long, holding a load of 8 short tons
) of traffic from Warren County Route 620 (Water Street) in Belvidere to former Pennsylvania Route 709
on the Riverton side. The bridge was first constructed in 1836, replacing the local ferry across the river. The board of freeholders in Warren County supported the replacement of the ferry with a bridge for safety of passengers. In 1832, the state created the Belvidere Delaware Bridge Company
, which was funded with the job of building a bridge from Riverton to Belvidere. The new covered bridge was built by Solon Chapin, a contractor from Easton, Pennsylvania
. The bridge survived two large storms in 1836 and 1841, although sustained major damage both times. In 1903, the floods that destroyed bridges along the Delaware River Valley
, including taking out the entire covered structure at Riverton and Belvidere. They rebuilt the structure in 1904, using steel instead of wood, and the new span has remained since, with rehabilitations at certain points.
Portal:New Jersey/Selected article/49
The Sopranos is an American television drama series created by David Chase that revolves around the New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster Tony Soprano (James Gandolfini) and the difficulties he faces as he tries to balance the often conflicting requirements of his home life and the criminal organization he heads. The series also features Tony's family members and Mafia associates in prominent roles and storylines, most notably his wife Carmela (Edie Falco) and cousin and protégé Christopher Moltisanti (Michael Imperioli). The many conflicts in his life lead to an on-off professional relationship with psychiatrist Dr. Jennifer Melfi (Lorraine Bracco).
The series premiered on the premium cable network HBO in the United States on January 10, 1999 and ended its original run of six seasons and 86 episodes on June 10, 2007. The show has also been broadcast on A&E in the United States and internationally. The Sopranos was produced by HBO, Chase Films and Brad Grey Television. It was primarily filmed at Silvercup Studios, New York City and on location in New Jersey. The executive producers throughout the show's run were Chase, Brad Grey, Robin Green, Mitchell Burgess, Ilene S. Landress, Terence Winter, and Matthew Weiner. Chase also served as showrunner and head writer.
A major commercial and critical success, The Sopranos is the most financially successful series in the history of cable television and is acknowledged as one of the greatest television series of all time and a seminal work of fiction. The series is noted for its high level of quality in every aspect of production and is particularly recognized for its writing, its cinematic style, and the performances of its lead actors. The show is credited with bringing a greater level of artistry to the television medium and paving the way for many successful drama series that followed. It also won a multitude of awards, including twenty-one Emmys and five Golden Globes.
A staple of 2000s American popular culture, The Sopranos has been the subject of much parody, controversy, and analysis, and has spawned books, a video game, high-charting soundtrack albums, and a large amount of assorted merchandise. Several members of the show's cast and crew that were previously largely unknown to the public have had successful careers after The Sopranos.