Portal:New Mexico

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Introduction

Seal of New Mexico.svg

New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México pronounced [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko], Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo pronounced [jòːtxó xɑ̀xʷòːtsò]) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America. With a population of approximately two million, New Mexico is the 36th most populous state. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and fifth least densely populated of the fifty states. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. Its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, while its largest city is Albuquerque. Due to its geographic location, Northern and Eastern New Mexico exhibits a colder, alpine climate while Western and Southern New Mexico exhibits a warmer, arid climate.

The economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, lumber milling, and retail trade. As of 2016-2017, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $95 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. New Mexico's status as a tax haven yields low to moderate personal income taxes on residents and military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. Because of this, has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U.S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity.

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Space Shuttle Columbia lands at Northup Strip with two T-38 Talon planes following.

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is a rocket range in New Mexico operated by the United States Army. The range which covers an area of almost 3,200 mi² (8 287 km²), gets its name from the white sands that are spread over many miles in the area. It is located in Doña Ana and Otero counties mostly within the Tularosa Basin (a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains) but it also includes the northern reaches of the Jornada del Muerto.

Established on 9 July 1945, the range was the site of the world's first atomic weapon test on July 16, 1945 at what is now called Trinity site. V-2 rockets captured in Germany at the end of World War II were taken to WSMR for reverse engineering by the Hermes project, and as part of Operation Paperclip.

In 1963 NASA established the White Sands Test Facility on the range. For the next three years NASA launched Little Joe II boosters from Launch Complex 36 at White Sands to conduct launch escape system tests for the Apollo program. More recently, the NASA Space Shuttle program has used a landing area there known as White Sands Space Harbor located about 45 miles north of WSMR headquarters.


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State Facts


State symbols:

State Capital: Santa Fe
State Mottos: "Crescit eundo" ("It Grows as It Goes")
State Songs: "O Fair New Mexico"
State Tree: Two-Needle Piñon Pine
State Flower: Yucca flower
State Grasses: Blue grama
State Bird: Greater roadrunner
State Animal: Black Bear
State Reptile: New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
State Amphibian: New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
State Fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout
State Insect: Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Butterfly: Sandia Hairstreak
State Cookie: Bizcochito
State Vegetables: Hatch chile and Pinto Bean
State Rock: Turquoise
State Poem: A Nuevo Mexico
State Ships: USS New Mexico (BB-40) & USS New Mexico (SSN-779)
State Quarter New Mexico - State Quarter.jpg
State Question: Red or green? (Asked of restaurant patrons who order chile)

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Hotel "Inn and Spa at Loretto"
near to the Plaza in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Photo credit: User:JuliusR
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A Navajo boy on horseback, in 2007, in New Mexico

Navajo has more speakers than any other Native American language north of the U.S.-Mexico border, with 170,717 self-reported speakers in 2007, and this number has increased with time. The grestest numbers are in New Mexico. During World War II, the language was used as a code in the Pacific War by bilingual Navajo code talkers to send secure military messages over radio. This had the advantage of being an extremely fast method of encrypted communication; the code was never broken by the Japanese.

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Attractions

Hasta la Vista

The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year.

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