Portal:New Mexico

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Introduction


New Mexico state symbols
Flag of New Mexico.svg
Seal of New Mexico.svg
Living insignia
BirdGreater roadrunner
FishRio Grande cutthroat trout
FlowerYucca
GrassBlue grama
MammalAmerican black bear
ReptileNew Mexico whiptail
TreeTwo-needle piñon
Inanimate insignia
ColorsRed and yellow
FoodChile peppers, pinto beans, and biscochitos
FossilCoelophysis
GemstoneTurquoise
State route marker
New Mexico state route marker
State quarter
New Mexico quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols

New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (About this soundlisten), Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo pronounced [jòːtxó xɑ̀xʷòːtsò]) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Featured article

Space Shuttle Columbia lands at Northup Strip with two T-38 Talon planes following.

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is a rocket range in New Mexico operated by the United States Army. The range which covers an area of almost 3,200 mi² (8 287 km²), gets its name from the white sands that are spread over many miles in the area. It is located in Doña Ana and Otero counties mostly within the Tularosa Basin (a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains) but it also includes the northern reaches of the Jornada del Muerto.

Established on 9 July 1945, the range was the site of the world's first atomic weapon test on July 16, 1945 at what is now called Trinity site. V-2 rockets captured in Germany at the end of World War II were taken to WSMR for reverse engineering by the Hermes project, and as part of Operation Paperclip.

In 1963 NASA established the White Sands Test Facility on the range. For the next three years NASA launched Little Joe II boosters from Launch Complex 36 at White Sands to conduct launch escape system tests for the Apollo program. More recently, the NASA Space Shuttle program has used a landing area there known as White Sands Space Harbor located about 45 miles north of WSMR headquarters.


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State Facts


State symbols:

State Capital: Santa Fe
State Mottos: "Crescit eundo" ("It Grows as It Goes")
State Songs: "O Fair New Mexico"
State Tree: Two-Needle Piñon Pine
State Flower: Yucca flower
State Grasses: Blue grama
State Bird: Greater roadrunner
State Animal: Black Bear
State Reptile: New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
State Amphibian: New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
State Fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout
State Insect: Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Butterfly: Sandia Hairstreak
State Cookie: Bizcochito
State Vegetables: Hatch chile and Pinto Bean
State Rock: Turquoise
State Poem: A Nuevo Mexico
State Ships: USS New Mexico (BB-40) & USS New Mexico (SSN-779)
State Quarter New Mexico - State Quarter.jpg
State Question: Red or green? (Asked of restaurant patrons who order chile)

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Adobe in Santa Fe at the Plaza - Hotel Inn and Spa at Loretto.JPG
Hotel "Inn and Spa at Loretto"
near to the Plaza in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Photo credit: User:JuliusR
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Selected biography

John Denver (December 31, 1943 – October 12, 1997), born Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr., was an American folk singer-songwriter and folk rock musician who was one of the most popular artists of the 1970s. He recorded and released some 300 songs, about half of which he had composed, and was named Poet Laureate of Colorado in 1977.

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Attractions

Hasta la Vista

The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year.

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