Portal:New Mexico

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Introduction

Flag of New Mexico.svg

New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México pronounced [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko], Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo pronounced [jòːtxó xɑ̀xʷòːtsò]) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population of approximately two million, New Mexico is the 36th most populous state. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth least densely populated of the fifty states. Its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, while its largest city is Albuquerque. Due to its geographic location, Northern and Eastern New Mexico exhibits a colder, alpine climate while Western and Southern New Mexico exhibits a warmer, arid climate.

The economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, lumber milling, and retail trade. As of 2016-2017, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $95 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. New Mexico's status as a tax haven yields low to moderate personal income taxes on residents and military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. Because of this, has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U.S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity.

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The Four Corners region is in the red area on this map
The Four Corners Monument, placed by the Interior Department at the exact point.

The Four Corners is the survey point at the intersection of the four U.S. states of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona and the high desert plateau region surrounding that point in the southwestern United States. This is the only point in the United States where four states touch. Three of the four state corners are on the Navajo Indian Reservation. The fourth corner, Colorado, is on the Ute Mountain Indian Reservation.

The Four Corners Monument located there has a per person admission fee. Four Corners Monument is located at the coordinates 36°59′56.31532″N 109°02′42.62019″W / 36.9989764778°N 109.0451722750°W / 36.9989764778; -109.0451722750 according to the U.S. National Geodetic Survey. US Highway 160 runs nearby while New Mexico State Road 597 serves as access road to the monument.

Because the Four Corners is part of a high Colorado Plateau, it is often a center for weather systems, which stabilize on the plateau, then proceed eastward toward the central and mountain states. This weather system creates snow and rainfall on the central part of the USA.

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State Facts


State symbols:

State Capital: Santa Fe
State Mottos: "Crescit eundo" ("It Grows as It Goes")
State Songs: "O Fair New Mexico"
State Tree: Two-Needle Piñon Pine
State Flower: Yucca flower
State Grasses: Blue grama
State Bird: Greater roadrunner
State Animal: Black Bear
State Reptile: New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
State Amphibian: New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
State Fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout
State Insect: Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Butterfly: Sandia Hairstreak
State Cookie: Bizcochito
State Vegetables: Hatch chile and Pinto Bean
State Rock: Turquoise
State Poem: A Nuevo Mexico
State Ships: USS New Mexico (BB-40) & USS New Mexico (SSN-779)
State Quarter New Mexico - State Quarter.jpg
State Question: Red or green? (Asked of restaurant patrons who order chile)

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Adobe in Santa Fe at the Plaza - Hotel Inn and Spa at Loretto.JPG
Hotel "Inn and Spa at Loretto"
near to the Plaza in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Photo credit: User:JuliusR
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John Denver (December 31, 1943 – October 12, 1997), born Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr., was an American folk singer-songwriter and folk rock musician who was one of the most popular artists of the 1970s. He recorded and released some 300 songs, about half of which he had composed, and was named Poet Laureate of Colorado in 1977.

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Attractions

Hasta la Vista

The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year.

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