Portal:Northwest Territories

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The Northwest Territories (NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO; Athabaskan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2011 population of 41,462, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2016 is 44,291. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.

The Northwest Territories, a portion of the old North-Western Territory, entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870, but the current borders were formed on April 1, 1999, when the territory was subdivided to create Nunavut to the east, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. While Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate and is both boreal forest (taiga), and tundra, and its most northern regions form part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

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The Geography of Northwest Territories (Abbr. NT or NWT or N.W.T; 2001 pop. 37,360; 532,643 sq mi (1,379,540 km2)), a territory in Northern Canada, specifically in Northwestern Canada between Yukon Territory and Nunavut including part of Victoria Island, Melville Island, and other islands on the western Arctic Archipelago. A much wider territory enclosing most of central and northern Canada, the Northwest Territories was created in 1870 from the Hudson's Bay Company's holdings, that would be sold to Canada from 1869-1870. In addition, Alberta and Saskatchewan were formed from the territory in 1905. When in 1999, it was divided again, having the eastern portion becoming the new territory of Nunavut. Yellowknife stands as its largest city and capital. It has a population of 42, 800. It lies west of Nunavut, north of latitude 60° north, and east of Yukon.

It stretches across the top of the North American continent, reaching into the Arctic Circle. The region consists of the following: many islands, such as Victoria Island, the Mackenzie River, and Great Bear and Great Slave lakes. Over half the people are Inuit (Eskimos) and American Indians. In the 18th century, the main land was explored by Samuel Hearne for the Hudson's Bay Company and by Alexander Mackenzie. European settlers manly were whalers, fur traders, and missionaries up until the 1920s, when oil was discovered and as the territorial administration had formed. Their principal industry is mining and centers of the petroleum and Natural Gas fields in the western Arctic coastal regions.

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Periodically, this section is updated with a stub in dire need of attention. These stubs were chosen because they are considered an important article but have not been sufficiently developed.

Politics of the Northwest Territories

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Tsiigehtchic from the Dempster Highway in direction to Inuvik.

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The WikiProject Canadian Territories is the group that oversees Northwest Territories related topics.

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