The Geography of Northwest Territories
(Abbr. NT or NWT or N.W.T; 2001 pop. 37,360; 532,643 sq mi (1,379,540 km2
)), a territory
in Northern Canada
, specifically in Northwestern Canada between Yukon Territory
including part of Victoria Island
, Melville Island
, and other islands on the western Arctic Archipelago
. A much wider territory enclosing most of central and northern Canada, the Northwest Territories
was created in 1870 from the Hudson's Bay Company's holdings, that would be sold to Canada from 1869-1870. In addition, Alberta
were formed from the territory in 1905. When in 1999, it was divided again, having the eastern portion becoming the new territory of Nunavut
stands as its largest city and capital. It has a population of 42, 800. It lies west of Nunavut, north of latitude 60° north
, and east of Yukon.
It stretches across the top of the North American continent, reaching into the Arctic Circle. The region consists of the following: many islands, such as Victoria Island, the Mackenzie River, and Great Bear and Great Slave lakes. Over half the people are Inuit (Eskimos) and American Indians. In the 18th century, the main land was explored by Samuel Hearne for the Hudson's Bay Company and by Alexander Mackenzie. European settlers manly were whalers, fur traders, and missionaries up until the 1920s, when oil was discovered and as the territorial administration had formed. Their principal industry is mining and centers of the petroleum and Natural Gas fields in the western Arctic coastal regions.