for New Scotland
; Scottish Gaelic
: Alba Nuadh
) is a Canadian province
located on Canada
's southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada
. Its capital, Halifax
, is the major economic centre of the region. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi).
Nova Scotia's economy is traditionally largely resource-based, but has diversified since the middle of the 20th century. Industries such as fishing, mining, forestry and agriculture remain very important and have been joined by tourism, technology, film, music, and finance.
According to the 2001 Canadian census the largest ethnic group in Nova Scotia is Scottish (29.3%), followed by English (28.1%), Irish (19.9%), French (16.7%), German (10.0%), Dutch (3.9%), First Nations (3.2%), Welsh (1.4%), Italian (1.3%), and Acadian (1.2%). Peoples of European descent thus make up approximately 96.8% of the total population. Almost half of all respondents (47.4%) identified their ethnicity as "Canadian".
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The Battle of Fort Cumberland was an attempt by Jonathan Eddy and a militia of four to five hundred to siege Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia during the American Revolution in November 1776. The fort was defended by British officer Joseph Goreham. Eddy made several attempts to storm the fort, and the siege was ultimately relieved when reinforcements drove off the besiegers on November 29. In retaliation for the role of locals who supported the siege, numerous homes and farms were destroyed, and Patriot sympathizers were driven out of the area. The successful defense of Fort Cumberland preserved the territorial integrity of the British Maritime possessions, and Nova Scotia remained loyal throughout the war.
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Did you know? -
- ...that Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are connected by a small land bridge (28 km Isthmus of Chignecto).