Portal:Oman

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Oman

Flag of Oman.svg
Oman, officially called the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمان‎‎ Salṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It has a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest and also shares a marine border with Iran. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast.

From the 17th century, Oman had its own empire, and vied with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to Iran, and modern day Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar. Oman has long-standing military and political ties with the United Kingdom and the United States, although it maintains an independent foreign policy.

Oman is an absolute monarchy in which the Sultan of Oman exercises ultimate authority, but its parliament has some legislative and oversight powers. As with other Arab States of the Persian Gulf, oil is the mainstay of the economy, providing a large proportion of GDP, although compared to its neighbours Oman is a modest producer. Agriculture and fishing are also important sources of income.

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Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is the foremost hydrocarbon exploration and production company in the Sultanate of Oman. It accounts for more than 90% of the country's crude-oil production and nearly all of its natural-gas supply. The Company is owned by the Government of Oman which has a 60% interest, Royal Dutch Shell which has a 34% interest, Total which has a 4% interest and Partex which has a 2% interest. The first economic find of oil was made in 1962, and the first consignment of oil was exported in 1967.

Selected biography

Late Moosa AbdulRahman Hassan.jpg
Hajj Moosa AbdulRahman Hassan was an Omani businessman, tribal leader, landlord and a Gulf icon. He was born in the old town of Muscat in 1902 and finished his studies in the American Mission School. He established a firm in 1927 in supplying coals and foodstuffs to British ships and frigates in Muscat, and went on to trade in many other commodities during a long career.

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This Portal is maintained by WikiProject Oman.

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Oman-Oasis.jpg
Credit: Hendrik Dacquin aka loufi

A scene in the desert of Oman, typifying its extremely hot and dry climate

Did you know ...

  • ... that two foiled attacks by N.D.F.L.O.A.G. guerrillas in June 1970 sparked a conspiracy to overthrow the Sultan of Oman?
  • ... that the expression "going round the bend" is said to come from operators stationed on Telegraph Island who were desperate to escape to India by sailing round the bend in the Strait of Hormuz?

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