Oregon ( (listen) ORR-ih-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 164,549 residents. Portland, with 632,309 residents, is the most populous and ranks as the 26th most populous city in the United States. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 23rd largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,389,228.
Raemer Edgar Schreiber
(November 11, 1910 – December 24, 1998) was an American physicist
in the U.S. state of Oregon
. He grew up in McMinnville where he attended high school before enrolling at Linfield College
, also in McMinnville. Schreiber graduated from Linfield and then earned a masters degree at the University of Oregon
before becoming a graduate assistant at then Oregon State College (now Oregon State University
). Schreiber then earned a doctorate at Purdue University
in 1941 before joining the Manhattan Project. He saw the first atomic bomb detonated in the Trinity nuclear test
in July 1945, and prepared the Fat Man
bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki
. After the war, he served at Los Alamos as a group leader, and was involved in the design of the hydrogen bomb
. In 1955, he became the head of its Nuclear Rocket Propulsion (N) Division, which developed the first nuclear-powered rockets. He served as deputy director of the laboratory from 1972 until his retirement in 1974.
Did you know...
In this month
- February 4, 1999, near Coos Bay the New Carissa ran aground during a storm on the Pacific Ocean.
- February 5, 1846, the first edition of the Oregon Spectator is published, becoming the first American newspaper to be published west of the Rocky Mountains.
- February 8, 1851, the city of Portland is incorporated.
- February 14, 1859, Oregon becomes the 33rd state of the Union.
- February 14, 1917, the Interstate Bridge is opened over the Columbia River, linking Portland to Vancouver, Washington.
- February 14, 1994, architect Pietro Belluschi dies.
- February 25, 1880, the Chemawa Indian School opened in Forest Grove.
- February 27, 1993, the Spruce Goose arrives in McMinnville, where it will be housed in a museum.
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The city of Portland
is ideal for growing roses outdoors due to its location within the marine west coast climate
region, its warm, dry summers and rainy but mild winters, and its heavy clay soils. Portland has been known as the "City of Roses"
, or "Rose City", since 1888, after Madame Caroline Testout
, a large pink variety of hybrid tea rose
bred in France, was introduced to the city. Thousands of rose bushes were planted, eventually lining 20 miles (32 km) of Portland's streets in preparation for the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition
in 1905. The Rose City Park
neighborhood in northeast Portland was formed in 1907, the same year of the first annual Portland Rose Festival
. During World War I
, nursery owners in Portland began planning a large rose garden to protect European rose species from the war. The garden was established in Washington Park
as the International Rose Test Garden
in 1917. Today, the Portland Rose Festival occurs each June with a carnival, parades, and navy ships docked along the Tom McCall Waterfront Park
to promote the city. The International Rose Test Garden is currently one of the oldest public rose test gardens in the United States, covering 4.5 acres (1.8 ha) with over 8,000 rose plants and more than 550 different species. In 2003, Portland adopted the "City of Roses" as its official nickname.
The Willamette River as it passes through downtown Portland, Oregon, in 2007. The bridges, from right to left, are the Sellwood, Ross Island, Marquam, Hawthorne, Morrison, Burnside, Steel (the black bridge that is partially obscured), Fremont (the arch bridge at far left). The mountains, from right to left, are Mount Hood, Mount Adams (only the tip is visible) and Mount Saint Helens.
Things you can do
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W