Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, Washington on the north, Idaho on the east, and California and Nevada on the south. The Columbia and Snake Rivers form, respectively, much of its northern and eastern borders. Between two north-south mountain ranges in western Oregon—the Oregon Coast Range and the Cascade Mountain Range—lies the Willamette Valley, the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of the state.
Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes of any state in the U.S. It is well known for its tall, dense forests; its accessible and scenic Pacific coastline; and its rugged, glaciated Cascade volcanoes. Other areas include semiarid scrublands, prairies, and deserts that cover approximately half the state in eastern and north-central Oregon.
Oregon's population in 2010 was about 3.8 million, a 12% increase over 2000. Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene through Salem and Corvallis to Portland, Oregon's largest city.
The origin of the name Oregon is unknown. One account, advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech, was endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 1700s, on which the Ouisiconsink (Wisconsin) River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so that there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon".
(December 5, 1885 – January 6, 1936) was an American journalist
known for her sympathetic coverage of Russia and the Bolsheviks
during the Russian Revolution
. Bryant, a feminist married in 1916 to the more famous writer John Reed
, wrote about leading Russian women such as Katherine Breshkovsky
and Maria Spiridonova
as well as men including Alexander Kerensky
, Vladimir Lenin
, and Leon Trotsky
. Her news stories, distributed by Hearst
during and after her trips to Petrograd
and Moscow, appeared in newspapers across the U.S. and Canada in the years immediately following World War I. A collection of articles from her first trip was published in book form as Six Red Months in Russia
in 1918. In 1919, she defended the revolution in testimony before the Overman Committee
, a Senate
subcommittee established to investigate Bolshevik influence in the United States. Later that year, she undertook a nationwide speaking tour to encourage public support of the Bolsheviks and to discourage armed U.S. intervention in Russia. Bryant grew up in rural Nevada
and attended the University of Nevada
in Reno and the University of Oregon
, graduating with a degree in history in 1909. Pursuing a career in journalism, she became society editor of the Portland, Oregon
for The Oregonian
. During her years in Portland (1909–15), she became active in the women's suffrage
movement. Leaving her first husband in 1915 to follow Reed to Greenwich Village
, she formed friendships with leading feminists of the day, some of whom she met through Reed's associates at publications such as The Masses
, or at meetings of a women's group, Heterodoxy
, or through work with the Provincetown Players
. During a National Woman's Party
suffrage rally in Washington, D.C.
, in 1919, she was arrested and spent three days in jail. Like Reed, she had lovers outside of marriage; during her Greenwich Village years (1916–20) these included playwright Eugene O'Neill
and painter Andrew Dasburg
. Suffering from a rare and painful disorder, Bryant wrote and published little in her last 10 years and drank heavily. Bullitt, winning sole custody of Anne, divorced her in 1930. Bryant died in Paris in 1936 and was buried in Versailles
. A group from Portland visited her neglected grave in 1998 and worked to restore it.
- February 4, 1999, near Coos Bay the New Carissa ran aground during a storm on the Pacific Ocean.
- February 5, 1846, the first edition of the Oregon Spectator is published, becoming the first American newspaper to be published west of the Rocky Mountains.
- February 8, 1851, the city of Portland is incorporated.
- February 14, 1859, Oregon becomes the 33rd state of the Union.
- February 14, 1917, the Interstate Bridge is opened over the Columbia River, linking Portland to Vancouver, Washington.
- February 14, 1994, architect Pietro Belluschi dies.
- February 25, 1880, the Chemawa Indian School opened in Forest Grove.
- February 27, 1993, the Spruce Goose arrives in McMinnville, where it will be housed in a museum.
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The Pacific Northwest
is a region in the northwest of North America
. There are several partially overlapping definitions but the term Pacific Northwest that span the United States and Canada. The term Northwest Coast is often used when referring only to the coastal regions. The term Northwest Plateau has been used to describe the inland regions, although they are commonly referred to as "the Interior
" (which in British Columbia
is by convention capitalized and is used as a proper name). The inland portion of the U.S. is called the Inland Empire
. The region's biggest metropolitan areas are Seattle, Washington
, Vancouver, British Columbia
, and Portland, Oregon
. The region has an Oceanic climate
("marine west coast climate") in many coastal areas, typically between the ocean and high mountain ranges. Alpine climate
dominates in the high mountains. Semi-arid
climate is found east of the higher mountains, especially in rainshadow
areas. The Harney Basin
is an example of arid climate in the Pacific Northwest. A Subarctic climate
occurs farther north. The Pacific Northwest was occupied by a diverse array of Native American peoples for millennia, beginning with Paleoindians who explored and colonized the area roughly 15,000 years before Europeans arrived. The Pacific Coast is seen by a growing number of scholars as a major migration route for late Pleistocene peoples moving from northeast Asia into the Americas. Archaeological evidence for these earliest Native Americans is sketchy--in part because heavy glaciation, flooding, and post-glacial sea level rise have radically changed the landscape--but fluted Clovis-like points found in the region were probably left by Paleoindians at least 13,000 years ago. Even earlier evidence for human occupation dating back as much as 14,500 years ago is emerging from Paisley Caves
in Central Oregon
. European exploration began as early as 1579 with Francis Drake
possibly landing along the coast, but exploration began in earnest in the 1700s. The first permanent non-Native settlement in the American portion came at Fort Astoria
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W