Map of Oregon
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west, Washington on the north, Idaho on the east, and California and Nevada on the south. The Columbia and Snake Rivers form, respectively, much of its northern and eastern borders. Between two north-south mountain ranges in western Oregon—the Oregon Coast Range and the Cascade Mountain Range—lies the Willamette Valley, the most densely populated and agriculturally productive region of the state.
Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes of any state in the U.S. It is well known for its tall, dense forests; its accessible and scenic Pacific coastline; and its rugged, glaciated Cascade volcanoes. Other areas include semiarid scrublands, prairies, and deserts that cover approximately half the state in eastern and north-central Oregon.
Oregon's population in 2010 was about 3.8 million, a 12% increase over 2000. Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene through Salem and Corvallis to Portland, Oregon's largest city.
The origin of the name Oregon is unknown. One account, advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech, was endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 1700s, on which the Ouisiconsink (Wisconsin) River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so that there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon".
(born February 15, 1954) is an American cartoonist
and television producer and writer from Portland, Oregon
. Groening is best known as the creator of The Simpsons
. He is also the creator of the comic Life in Hell
and co-creator of Futurama
. Life in Hell
caught the attention of James L. Brooks
. In 1985, Brooks contacted Groening with the proposition of working in animation
for the FOX
variety show The Tracey Ullman Show
. Originally, Brooks wanted Groening to adapt his Life in Hell
characters for the show. Fearing the loss of ownership rights, Groening decided to create something new and came up with a cartoon family, the Simpsons
and named the members after his own family, except Bart, which was an anagram of the word brat. The shorts would be spun off into their own series: The Simpsons
, which has since aired over 400 episodes in 19 seasons. In 1997, Groening got together with David X. Cohen
and developed Futurama
, an animated series about life in the year 3000. After four years on the air, the show was cancelled by Fox, but Comedy Central
commissioned 16 new episodes to be aired in 2008. Groening has won 10 Primetime Emmy Awards
, nine for The Simpsons
and one for Futurama
as well as a British Comedy Award
for "outstanding contribution to comedy" in 2004. In 2002, he won the National Cartoonist Society Reuben Award
for his work on Life in Hell
- March 3, 1849, governor Joseph Lane dissolves Provisional Government and implements government of the Oregon Territory.
- March 5, 1949, political reformer William Simon U'Ren dies at the age of 90.
- March 6, 1961, Oregon State College becomes Oregon State University.
- March 20, 1916, the Portland Rosebuds became the first U.S. based ice hockey team to play for the Stanley Cup.
- March 23, 1806, the Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Clatsop near present day Astoria.
- March 25, 1993, the "Spring Break Quake" damages the Oregon State Capitol.
- March 26, 1955, the airliner for Pan Am Flight 845/26 crashes off the Oregon Coast after leaving Portland International Airport.
- March 27, 1939, at the first NCAA basketball tournament, the Oregon Ducks win the first championship.
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The Provisional Legislature of Oregon
was the single-chamber
legislative body of the Provisional Government of Oregon
. It served the Oregon Country
of the Pacific Northwest
of North America from 1843 until early 1849 at a time when no country had sovereignty over the region. This democratically elected legislature became the Oregon Territorial Legislature
when the territorial authorities arrived after the creation of the Oregon Territory
by the United States
in 1848. The body was first termed the Legislative Committee and later renamed the House of Representatives. Over the course of its six-year history the legislature passed laws, including taxation and liquor regulation, and created an army to deal with conflicts with Native Americans
. Many of the legislators would become prominent figures during the territorial years of Oregon. At first a small committee of nine, the group was altered when the Organic Laws of Oregon
were revised in 1845 and became the Oregon House of Representatives with a minimum of 13 members. Once the government was dissolved, all the laws remained in effect, except for the one that authorized the minting of coins. Governor Joseph Lane
nullified that law ending production of the Beaver Coins
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W