Oregon ( ( listen) OR-i-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary along Washington state, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary along Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 164,549 residents. Portland, with 632,309 residents, is the most populous and ranks as the 26th most populous city in the United States. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 23rd largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,389,228.
David Preston Thompson
(November 8, 1834 – December 14, 1901) was a United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
, a mayor of Portland, Oregon
, served in the Oregon State Senate
, and a business person involved with the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company
. Thompson was born in Cadiz
, of Irish and Scottish descent. In 1853 at the age of 19 Thompson moved to Oregon Territory
. There he helped build the a railroad around Willamette Falls
near Oregon City
, which was the first railroad in Oregon. With the outbreak of the Civil War
, Thompson enlisted in the Army
where he rose to the rank of captain in the First Oregon Cavalry
. In 1868 David Thompson served in the state senate representing Clackamas County
as a Republican. Then in 1874 he was appointed by the President
as the governor of Idaho Territory
, and served from 1875 to 1876. Thompson returned to the Oregon Legislature
representing Multnomah County in 1878. From June 1879 until June 1882 he served consecutive terms as the Mayor of
Portland, before returning to the legislature in 1889. In 1890, he lost the election for Oregon Governor as the Republican nominee, but in 1892 President Harrison
appointed Thompson as United States minister to the Ottoman Empire
where he served until resigning in 1893. David Thompson died December 14, 1901, in Portland. He donated a fountain to Portland located in downtown, and after his death his family donated a statue named The coming of the White Man
that stands in Washington Park
Did you know...
In this month
- October 1, 1938, the current Oregon State Capitol building is dedicated with speeches by dignitaries including Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- October 2, 1867, Willamette University opens Waller Hall, the oldest college building in the state still in use.
- October 4, 2002, the FBI arrests four of the Portland Seven on conspiracy charges for attempting to join Al-Qaeda.
- October 4, 1963, All-American at Oregon State and NBA All-Star A. C. Green is born in Portland.
- October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph surrenders to General Nelson Appleton Miles after leading the Nez Perce on a strategic retreat out of the Wallowa Valley.
- October 12, 1962, the Columbus Day Storm does extensive damage in Western Oregon.
- October 25, 1906, the vessel Peter Iredale shipwrecks on the Clatsop Spit where it still rests in what is now a state park.
- October 28, 1947, Governor Earl Snell, Oregon Secretary of State Robert S. Farrell, Jr., and State Senate President Marshall E. Cornett all die in a small plane crash in Southern Oregon.
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Keller Fountain Park
is a city park in downtown Portland
. Originally named Forecourt Fountain or Auditorium Forecourt, the 0.92-acre (0.37 ha) park opened in 1970 across Third Avenue from what was then Civic Auditorium. In 1978, the park was renamed after Ira Keller, head of the Portland Development Commission
(PDC) from 1958–1972. Civic Auditorium was renamed as Keller Auditorium
in 2000, but is named in honor of Richard B. Keller. The central feature of the park is the concrete water fountain. Keller Fountain is often noted as a memorable feature of the public landscape in downtown Portland, and in 1999 was awarded a medallion from the American Society of Landscape Architects
. The fountain was designed by Angela Danadjieva using inspiration from waterfalls in the Columbia River Gorge
located east of Portland. While the park is named Keller Fountain Park, the fountain itself is named Ira Keller Fountain
. The fountain's pools hold 75,000 US gallons (280,000 l; 62,000 imp gal) of water, while the waterfalls pump 13,000 US gallons (49,000 l; 11,000 imp gal) per minute over the cascade.
The Snake River is a major tributary of the Columbia River in the U.S. states of Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The river's length is 1,040 miles (1,674 km), its watershed drains 108,000 square miles (280,000 km2), and the average discharge at its mouth is 56,900 cubic feet per second (1,610 m³/s). The river flows from its source in Yellowstone National Park through a series of mountain ranges, canyons, and plains.
Things you can do
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W