Oregon ( ( listen) OR-i-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary along Washington state, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary along Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. Oregon is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders, explorers, and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 164,549 residents. Portland, with 632,309 residents, is the most populous and ranks as the 26th most populous city in the United States. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 23rd largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,389,228.
Dr. Douglas Engelbart
(January 30, 1925 – July 2, 2013) was an American inventor of Swedish
descent. He was born in Oregon. As a World War II naval radio technician
based in the Philippines
, Engelbart was inspired by Vannevar Bush
's article "As We May Think
". Engelbart received a Bachelor's degree
in electrical engineering from Oregon State University
in 1948, a B.Eng. from UC Berkeley
in 1952, and a Ph.D.
from UC Berkeley in 1955. At Stanford Research Institute
, Engelbart was the primary force behind the design and development of the On-Line System
, or NLS. He and his team at the Augmentation Research Center
developed computer-interface elements such as bit-mapped screens, groupware, hypertext
and precursors to the graphical user interface
. In 1967, Engelbart applied for and later received a patent
for the wooden shell with two metal wheels (computer mouse
). Engelbart later revealed that it was nicknamed the "mouse" because the tail came out the end. He would also work on the ARPANET
, the precursor of the Internet
. In later years he moved to the private firm Tymshare after SRI was transferred to the company. McDonnell Douglas
took over the company in 1982, and in 1986 he left the company. In 1988, he founded his own company, the Bootstrap Institute, which was located in Menlo Park, California
Did you know...
In this month
- September 3, 1839, the first member of the Peoria Party arrives in the Oregon Country.
- September 5, 1986, the MAX light rail system opens, with a line between Portland and Gresham.
- September 6, 1996, convicted killer Douglas Wright becomes the first person in Oregon to be executed by lethal injection.
- September 6, 1931, the Yaquina Bay Bridge designed by Conde McCullough opens near Newport.
- September 9, 1942, Japan bombed Southwestern Oregon with a seaplane launched from a submarine.
- September 27, 1974, Portlandia co-star and former Sleater-Kinney member Carrie Brownstein is born.
- September 15, 1993, fugitive Kathy Power pleaded guilty to armed robbery and manslaughter after spending 14 years hiding in Oregon.
- September 27, 1919, former baseball player Johnny Pesky is born in Portland.
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is a 15-mile (24 km) tributary of the Tualatin River
in the U.S. state of Oregon
. Part of the drainage basin of the Columbia River
, its watershed covers about 32 square miles (83 km2
) in Multnomah
, and Clackamas
counties, including about 7 square miles (18 km2
) within the Portland
city limits. From its headwaters in the Tualatin Mountains
(West Hills) in southwest Portland, the creek flows generally west and south through the cities of Portland, Beaverton
, and unincorporated areas
of Washington County. It enters the Tualatin River about 9 miles (14 km) above the Tualatin's confluence with the Willamette River
at West Linn
. For thousands of years, the Atfalati (Tualatin) tribe of the Kalapuya
inhabited the watershed. The first settler of European descent, Augustus Fanno, for whom the creek is named, arrived in the mid-19th century. He established an onion farm in what became Beaverton. Fanno Farmhouse
, the restored family home, is a Century Farm
on the National Register of Historic Places
and is one of 14 urban parks in a narrow corridor along the creek. Although heavily polluted, the creek supports aquatic life, including cutthroat trout
in its upper reaches. Watershed councils such as the Friends of Fanno Creek and government agencies have worked to limit pollution and to restore native vegetation in riparian
Things you can do
Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W