Portal:Ottawa

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OttawaCollage.png

Ottawa (/ˈɒtəwə/ (About this soundlisten), /ˈɒtəwɑː/; French pronunciation: ​[ɔtawa]) is the capital of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of June 16, 2019, Ottawa has a city population of 1,000,000, and as of 2016 has a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of which is derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade".

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View at the West end of Wellington Street, Upper Bytown, looking East, 1845.jpg
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Canada's capital city. It was founded on September 26, 1826, incorporated as a town on January 1, 1850, and superseded by the incorporation of the City of Ottawa on January 1, 1855. The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By to divide up the town into lots (a pattern that mostly exists today). Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal and grew largely due to the Ottawa River timber trade.

The town took its name from John By who, as a Colonel in the British Engineers, was instrumental in the construction of the canal. The name "Bytown" came about, somewhat as a "jocular reference" during a small dinner party of some officers, and it appears on official correspondence dated 1828.

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Margaret Atwood Eden Mills Writers Festival 2006.jpg
Margaret Eleanor Atwood, CC, O.Ont, FRSC (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian author, poet, critic, essayist, feminist and social campaigner. She is among the most-honoured authors of fiction in recent history; she is a winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award and Prince of Asturias award for Literature, has been shortlisted for the Booker Prize five times, winning once, and has been a finalist for the Governor General's Award seven times, winning twice.

Born in Ottawa, Atwood due to her father’s ongoing research in forest entomology, spent much of her childhood in the backwoods of Northern Quebec and winters back and forth between Ottawa, Sault Ste. Marie, and Toronto.

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  • ...that Ottawa’s active workforce comprises approximately: 78,000 in advanced technology, 73,000 in the federal government, 70,000 in health and education, and 57,000 in trades?

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Canada Ottawa Panorama.jpg
Ottawa in summertime - (left to right) - above the Ottawa River: Alexandra Bridge | Samuel de Champlain Statue | glass section of the National Gallery of Canada | Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel (pale building with turrets) | Rideau Canal Locks | Parliament Hill – Parliament of Canada Building | Library of Parliament (round shaped) | Peace Tower | downtown buildings, offices | Ottawa Marriott Hotel (circular roof structure) | The Supreme Court of Canada Building (above trees; grey with black roof)

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