Prince Edward Island
, Scottish Gaelic
: Eilean a' Phrionnsa
) is a Canadian province
consisting of an island of the same name, as well as other islands
. The maritime province
is the smallest in the nation in land area, and smallest in population excluding the territories
. In the Mi'kmaq language
of the aboriginal inhabitants, the island is called Abegweit
, commonly translated as "land cradled in the waves". The island has a few other names: "Garden of the Gulf" referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference
According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the largest ethnic group consists of people of Scottish descent (39.2%), followed by English (31.1%), Irish (30.4%), French (21.1%), German (5.2%), and Dutch (3.1%). In recent times the island has also received an influx of immigrants from Asia and Africa. Almost half of all respondents also identified their ethnicity as "Canadian."
According to the Canada 2016 Census, Prince Edward Island has 142,910 residents. It is located in a rectangle defined roughly by 46°–47°N, and 62°–64°30′W and at 5,683.91 km2 (2,194.57 sq mi) in size, it is the 104th largest island in the world, and Canada's 23rd largest island. The island was named for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. The island's cultural traditions of art, music and creative writing are all supported through the public education system. There are annual arts festivals, such as the Charlottetown Festival hosted at the Confederation Centre of the Arts.