Portal:Pac-Man

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Introduction

Pac-Man (Japanese: パックマン, Hepburn: Pakkuman), stylized as PAC-MAN, is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan as Puck Man in May 1980. It was created by Japanese video game designer Toru Iwatani. It was licensed for distribution in the United States by Midway Games and released in October 1980. Immensely popular from its original release to the present day, Pac-Man is considered one of the classics of the medium, and an icon of 1980s popular culture. Upon its release, the game—and, subsequently, Pac-Man derivatives—became a social phenomenon that yielded high sales of merchandise and inspired a legacy in other media, such as the Pac-Man animated television series and the top-ten Buckner and Garcia hit single "Pac-Man Fever". The game was popular in the 1980s and 1990s and is still played in the 2010s.

When Pac-Man was released, the most popular arcade video games were space shooters—in particular, Space Invaders and Asteroids. The most visible minority were sports games that were mostly derivatives of Pong. Pac-Man succeeded by creating a new genre. Pac-Man is often credited with being a landmark in video game history and is among the most famous arcade games of all time. It is also one of the highest-grossing video games of all time, having generated more than $2.5 billion in quarters by the 1990s.

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In 1982, Atari Inc. released a port of Namco's hit arcade game Pac-Man for its Atari 2600 video game console. Like the original arcade version, the player controls the title character with a joystick. The object is to traverse a maze, consuming all the wafers within while avoiding four ghosts.

The game was programmed by Tod Frye, who was given a very limited time frame by Atari to complete the project. The technical differences between the Atari 2600 console and the original's arcade hardware—particularly the amount of available memory—presented several challenges to Frye. Given the popularity of the property, Atari produced approximately 12 million units (which was more than the estimated number of Atari 2600 consoles sold at the time), anticipating a high number of sales.


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In the news

  • July 28, 2017 (2017-07-28) - A remake of Pac-Man Vs. for the Nintendo Switch was released as part of the Namco Museum compilation.
  • May 22, 2017 (2017-05-22) - The Pac-Man series celebrates its 37th anniversary.

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Did you know?

  • Pac-Man was originally known in Japan as Puck Man, however the name was changed when brought to America as Midway feared that vandals would change the P into an F.
  • Pac-Man Championship Edition was the last video game designed by Toru Iwatani.
  • The four ghosts were originally meant to be red by order of the president of Namco; Iwatani conducted a survey amongst staff if everyone wanted single color ghosts or multi-colored ghosts. No one selected the single colored ghost option.
  • The Power Pellets were inspired by the cartoon character Popeye after eating a can of spinach.
  • For the game's 30th anniversary in 2010, Google created a Google Doodle that is a fully-playable Pac-Man game. The doodle became so popular that worldwide companies lost an estimate of over $120,000,000 due to loss of work times. Google created a version of the game within Google Maps in 2015.
  • The combined amount of Pac-Man bootleg arcade machines almost sold 300,000, which was the same amount as the official machine.
  • A Pac-Man themed restaurant named Level 257 was opened in April 2015 and was named after the infamous 256th level of the game.

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