( Panama , PAN-ə-mah ; Spanish: pan-ə- MAH Panamá IPA: [panaˈma] (), officially the ) listen Republic of Panama ( Spanish: República de Panamá), is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.
Panama was inhabited by
indigenous tribes before Spanish colonists arrived in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined the Republic of Gran Colombia, a union of Nueva Granada, Ecuador, and Venezuela. After Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada eventually became the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the construction of the Panama Canal to be completed by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. The 1977 Torrijos–Carter Treaties led to the transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama on December 31, 1999.
Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's
GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors. It is regarded as a high-income country. In 2018 Panama ranked 66th in the world in terms of the Human Development Index. In 2018, Panama was ranked seventh-most competitive economy in Latin America, according to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index. Covering around 40 percent of its land area, Panama's jungles are home to an abundance of tropical plants and animals – some of them found nowhere else on earth. Panama is a founding member of the United Nations and other international organizations such as OAS, LAIA, G77, WHO, and NAM.
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That more than 12,000 people died in the construction of the Panama Railroad?
Panama lists Things you can do
Here are some
things you can do
Requests: Panamanian Carnival,
French Panama Canal project,
9 de enero,
Wikify: Juan Carlos Navarro,
Panama Canal Zone,
Islam in Panama,
Stubs: Albrook Air Force Base,
Bidlack Mallarino Treaty,
Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty,
Barro Colorado Island,
Santiago de Veraguas,
Los Santos Province,
The following are images from various Panama-related articles on Wikipedia.
Ship at the Culebra Cut while transiting the
Panama Canal, in 1915 photograph.
Amphibian Pendant, Walters Art Museum
American political cartoon, published in 1903
Arepa de huevo - Arepa with egg.
An economic activity map of Panama, 1981.
Guna house in Guna Yala, 2007
A proportional representation of Panama's exports.
Panama City as seen from the Corredor Sur highway.
Panama's location between the Pacific (bottom) and the
Caribbean Sea (top).
Guna woman in Guna Yala
Construction work on the
Culebra Cut, in 1907 photograph.