Portal:Papua New Guinea

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Introduction

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Papua New Guinea (PNG; UK: /ˈpæp(j)uə ... ˈɡɪni, ˈpɑː-/, US: /ˈpæpjuə, pɑːˈpə/; Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.

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German new guinea flag.svg

German New Guinea (Ger. Deutsch-Neuguinea) was a German protectorate from 1884 to 1914, consisting of the northeastern part of New Guinea and several nearby island groups.

The main part of German New Guinea was formed by Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the northeastern part of New Guinea, now part of Papua New Guinea. The islands in the Bismarck Archipelago situated east of Kaiser-Wilhelmsland and nowadays also belonging to Papua New Guinea, were also part of the protectorate.

In addition most other German lands in the Pacific were part of German New Guinea: the German Solomon Islands (Buka, Bougainville and several smaller islands), the Carolines, Palau, the Marianas (except for Guam), the Marshall Islands and Nauru.(Read More...)
Recently selected: Port Moresby, Tabubil, Tok Pisin

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PNG-climate.png

A NASA satellite image looking over the green jungle of PNG, toward the yellow and red desert of the continent of Australia.

Did you know...

  • That areas of the North Fly District in the Western Province experience a peak annual rainfall of ten metres?
  • That the third of four expeditions sent in the late 19th century by French nobleman Marquis de Rays to an imaginary majestic colony called New France in present day New Ireland saw 123 settlers die of disease and famine?
  • Papua New Guinea has 800 different languages, more than any other nation in the world
  • The Kina, which is the official currency of Papua New Guinea was named after a shell which was used as currency before the introduction of minting?
  • Papua New Guinean Prime Minister, Michael Somare was first educated in a school run by the invading Japanese in Karau during World War II?
  • Although Mount Wilhelm is the highest mountain in Papua New Guinea, the highest mountain on the island is Puncak Jaya, which is the highest peak between the Himalayas and the Andes?
  • Bulmer's fruit bat was thought to have been extinct for 9000 years until 1975, when it was discovered between the towns of Telefomin and Tabubil?
  • If you travel by plane to Lorengau, the capital of Manus Island, the airport you land at will be on Los Negros, which is an entirely different island?
  • The island of Blup Blup, which is off the coast of East Sepik Province is not part of the province at all, and is officially a self governing body?
  • The name Simbuactually means 'Thank You' in the local KumanLanguage?

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