The Pennsylvania Portal
Pennsylvania ( PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state founded by William Penn in the Northeastern, Great Lakes, Appalachian, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.
Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, and the 5th-most populous state according to the most recent official U.S. Census count in 2010. It is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia (1,580,863), and Pittsburgh (302,407). The state capital and its 13th-largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.
The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States; it came into being in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake. Part of Pennsylvania (along the Delaware River), together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden. It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in Philadelphia, the state's largest city. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78.
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Herman Vandenburg Ames (; August 7, 1865 – February 7, 1935) was an American legal historian, educator, and archivist long associated with the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a professor of United States constitutional history and, from 1907 to 1928, dean of its graduate school. His 1897 monograph, The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United States During the First Century of Its History, was a landmark work in American constitutional history. Other works by Ames included John C. Calhoun and the Secession Movement of 1850, Slavery and the Union 1845–1861, and The X.Y.Z. Letters, the latter of which he authored with John Bach McMaster. Among his notable students were Ezra Pound, John Musser, and Herbert Eugene Bolton.
A member of the Ames family
, Herman Ames was born in Massachusetts
and educated at Amherst College
. He received his doctorate from Harvard University
, where he was the Ozias Goodwin Memorial Fellow in Constitutional and International Law, and studied under Albert Bushnell Hart
. Like Hart, Ames spent time in Europe learning German historical methodology and was influenced in his own research by its approach. He was a driving force behind the establishment of the Pennsylvania State Archives
and helped guide the widespread establishment of government archives throughout the United States. His papers are housed at the University of Pennsylvania's University Archives. Read more...
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Memorial Square in downtown Chambersburg
Chambersburg is a borough in and the county seat of Franklin County, in the South Central region of Pennsylvania, United States. It is in the Cumberland Valley, which is part of the Great Appalachian Valley, and 13 miles (21 km) north of Maryland and the Mason-Dixon line and 52 miles (84 km) southwest of Harrisburg, the state capital. According to the United States Census Bureau, Chambersburg's 2010 population was 20,268. When combined with the surrounding Greene, Hamilton, and Guilford Townships, the population of Greater Chambersburg is 52,273 people. The Chambersburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area includes surrounding Franklin County, and in 2010 included 149,618 people.
According to the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development
, Chambersburg Borough is the thirteenth largest municipality in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the largest Borough, as measured by fiscal size (2016). Chambersburg Borough is organized under the Pennsylvania Borough Code
and is not a home-rule municipality. Read more...
List of geography articles
- Johnstown, Pennsylvania
- Scranton, Pennsylvania
- Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
- Allentown, Pennsylvania
- Lancaster, Pennsylvania
- State College, Pennsylvania
- Warren, Pennsylvania
- DuBois, Pennsylvania
- Erie, Pennsylvania
- Juniata County, Pennsylvania
- Pithole, Pennsylvania
- Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
- Larrys Creek
- State Route 1002 (Lehigh County, Pennsylvania)
- Pennsylvania Route 563
- Hull Creek (Lackawanna River tributary)
- Little Fishing Creek
- Ganoga Lake
- Mahoning Creek (Susquehanna River tributary)
- Shawnee on Delaware, Pennsylvania
- Roaring Brook (Lackawanna River tributary)
- Pennsylvania Route 463
- Kettle Creek (Pennsylvania)
- Spanish Hill
- West Branch Fishing Creek
- West Creek (Pennsylvania)
- Plunketts Creek Bridge No. 3
- White Deer Hole Creek
- Plunketts Creek (Loyalsock Creek tributary)
- Horseshoe Curve (Pennsylvania)
- Kinzua Bridge
- Quehanna Wild Area
- Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
- Levittown, Pennsylvania
- Pennsylvania Turnpike
- Pocono Mountains
- Altoona, Pennsylvania
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- Nickname: The Keystone State
- Capital: Harrisburg
- Largest city: Philadelphia
- Total area: 119,283 square kilometers (46,055 square miles)
- Population (2000 census): 12,281,054
- Date admitted to the Union: December 12, 1787 (2nd)
Mountain laurel, Pennsylvania's state flower
The following are images from various Pennsylvania-related articles on Wikipedia.
Map of the USA and the CSA during the Civil War. Pennsylvania was a key member of the Union.
A map of Pennsylvania divided into counties, townships, and lots
Flag of the Commonwealth 1863
An Amish family riding in a traditional Amish buggy
The "Hills Capitol", used from 1821 until it burned down in 1897
State population from 1790 to 2000
Pennsylvania's population distribution
Köppen climate types of Pennsylvania
Geo map of average income by location in Pennsylvania. Data shown is from the 2014 American Community Survey five-year estimate.
A locomotive in 1848. Pennsylvania became an important railroad center during the 19th century.
Hazleton coal miners in 1900. Coal mining was a major economic activity in Pennsylvania in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The 1750 possessions of Britain (pink), France (blue), and Spain (orange). The French would lose their North American possessions to England after the French and Indian War.