A biography is a detailed description or account of someone's life. More than a list of basic facts (education, work, relationships, and death), a biography also portrays a subject's experience of these events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of a subject's personality.
Biographical works are usually non-fiction, but fiction can also be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Biographical works in diverse media—from literature to film—form the genre known as biography.
An authorized biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and, at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs.
An autobiography is about a life of a subject, written by that subject or sometimes with a collaborator.
or Shen Kua
: Shěn Kuò
: Shen K'uo
) (1031–1095), style name Cunzhong
and pseudonym Mengqi Weng
, was a polymathic Chinese scientist
and statesman of the Song Dynasty
(960–1279). Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft, he was a mathematician
, hydraulic engineer
, academy chancellor
, finance minister
, governmental state inspector, poet
, and musician
. He was the head official for the Bureau of Astronomy
in the Song court, as well as an Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality. At court his political allegiance was to the Reformist faction known as the New Policies Group
, headed by Chancellor Wang Anshi
(1021–1086). (Read more...)
Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse.
On this day – September 26
- 1181 - Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order (d. 1226)
- 1774 - Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1847)
- 1791 - Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
- 1877 - Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (d. 1962)
- 1886 - Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1977)
- 1887 - Sir Barnes Neville Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)
- 1888 - T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel Prize laureate (pictured) (d. 1965)
- 1889 - Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)
- 1898 - George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
- 1907 - Anthony Blunt, English art historian and Soviet spy (d. 1983)
- 1923 - Dev Anand, Indian actor and film producer
- 1932 - Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India
- 1936 - Winnie Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist
- 1946 - Andrea Dworkin, American feminist (d. 2005)
- 1947 - Lynn Anderson, American country-pop music singer
- 1981 - Serena Williams, American tennis player
"When are you people going to learn? It's not about who's right or wrong. No denomination's nailed it yet, and they never will because they're all too self-righteous to realize that it doesn't matter what you have faith in, just that you have faith. Your hearts are in the right place, but your brains need to wake up. I have issues with anyone who treats faith as a burden instead of a blessing. You people don't celebrate your faith; you mourn it."
— Kevin Smith
Said by the character Serendipity in Dogma