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The Philippines (/ˈfɪlɪpnz/ (About this soundlisten); Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [fɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, and consists of about 7,640 islands, that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest, and shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines covers an area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi), with a population of around 109 million people, making it the world's twelfth-most populous country. The Philippines is a multinational state, with diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Manila is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City, both lying within the urban area of Metro Manila.

Negritos, some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Spanish settlement, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. During this time, Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of trans-Pacific trade. In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began, which then became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, while Filipino rebels declared the First Philippine Republic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States establishing control over the territory, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. Following liberation, the Philippines became independent in 1946. Since then, the unitary sovereign state has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by the People Power Revolution.

It is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing. The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. The Philippines' position as an island country on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. This low-lying island geography makes the country vulnerable to climate change, increasing risk from typhoons and sea level rise. (Full article...)

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Pinoy (/ˈpɪnɔɪ/ Tagalog: ['pɪnɔi]) is an informal demonym referring to the Filipino people in the Philippines and their culture as well as to overseas Filipinos in the Filipino diaspora.[page needed] A Pinoy with mix of foreign ancestry is called Tisoy, a shortened word for Mestizo.

Some Filipinos refer to themselves as Pinoy or sometimes the feminine Pinay (/ˈpɪn/ Tagalog: ['pɪnai]) instead of the standard term, Filipino.[page needed] Filipino is the widespread word to call the people in the Philippines. The word can be formed by taking the last four letters of Filipino and adding the diminutive suffix -y in the Tagalog language (the suffix is commonly used in Filipino nicknames: e.g. "Nonoy" or "Kokoy" or "Toytoy"). Pinoy was used for self-identification by the first wave of Filipinos going to the continental United States before World War II and has been used both in a pejorative sense and as a term of endearment, similar to Desi. (Full article...)
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Prospero Nograles.jpg
Prospero Castillo Nograles (October 30, 1947 – May 4, 2019, pronounced [nɔˈɡrɐlɛs]) was a Filipino politician who served as a Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from 2008 to 2010. He was elected as the Speaker of the House on February 5, 2008, the first ever elected Speaker from Mindanao in a hundred years of Philippine legislative history. Beginning in 1989, Nograles was elected to five terms as a member of the House of Representatives, representing Davao City's 1st congressional district. (Full article...)

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In the news

6 May 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines
Due to public outrage, President Rodrigo Duterte apologizes for receiving a dose of the Sinopharm BBIBP-CorV COVID-19 vaccine, which has not yet been authorized by the Philippines' Food and Drug Administration for emergency use. (BBC)
5 May 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines
COVID-19 vaccination in the Philippines
The Philippines' Food and Drug Administration issues an emergency use authorization for the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. (Rappler)
3 May 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines


WikiProject Philippine LGUs
Discuss and organize how best to present the various political subdivisions of the Philippines or Local Government Units (LGUs), namely, regions, provinces, cities and municipalities.

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Other Philippines-connected Wikipedias

Wikipedia page Wikipedias in Philippine languages
Wikibooks page Wikibooks in Philippine languages
Wiktionary page Wiktionaries in Philippine languages


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