Pittsburgh ( PITS-burg) is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2017, a population of 302,407 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U.S.. The metropolitan population of 2,324,743 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania (behind Philadelphia), and the 27th-largest in the U.S.
Pittsburgh is located in the south west of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio rivers. Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginians, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.
The Cultural District
is a fourteen-square block area in Downtown Pittsburgh
that is bordered by the Allegheny River
on the north, Tenth Street on the east, Stanwix Street on the west, and Liberty Avenue
on the south.
The Cultural District features six theaters offering some 1,500 shows annually, as well as art galleries, restaurants, and retail shops. Its landmarks include: Allegheny Riverfront Park, Benedum Center, Byham Theater, Harris Theater, Heinz Hall, O'Reilly Theater, Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, Three Rivers Arts Festival Gallery, the Wood Street Galleries, and the August Wilson Center for African American Culture.
Major arts organizations based here include: Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre, Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, Pittsburgh Dance Council, Pittsburgh Opera, Pittsburgh Public Theater, and the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra.
(properly pronounced /kɑrˈneɪɡi/ (kar-NAY-gee), but commonly, /ˈkɑrnɨɡi/ or /kɑrˈnɛɡi/) (25 November 1835 – 11 August 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, businessman, entrepreneur and a major philanthropist. He was one of the most famous leaders of industry of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
He earned most of his fortune in the steel industry. In the 1870s, he founded the Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, a step which cemented his name as one of the "Captains of Industry". By the 1890s, the company was the largest and most profitable industrial enterprise in the world. Carnegie sold it to J.P. Morgan in 1901, who created U.S. Steel. Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace, education and scientific research. He founded, among other institutions, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh.
The Pittsburgh Panthers
, commonly also referred to as the Pitt Panthers
, are the athletic teams of University of Pittsburgh
. Pitt fields 19 varsity
teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States, NCAA Division I
, which compete as members of the Big East Conference
, Eastern Wrestling League
, East Atlantic Gymnastics League
, and Eastern College Athletic Conference
. The 26 time bowl qualifying football team
founded in 1889 and the thirty time tournament qualifying basketball team
founded in 1905, are the most popular sports Pitt fields and enjoy significant local and national followings. Heinz Field
hosts the football team and the Petersen Events Center
hosts the basketball team.
The university's athletic program is one of only five current NCAA Division 1A schools to have won multiple national championships in both football (9) and basketball (2), and the Panthers have been ranked as having among the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple publications. Pitt was ranked as having the fifth best combination of football and basketball programs in CBSSports.com's Flourishing Five ranking in 2010. In its "Hoops & Helmets" list of the best combinations, CollegeFootballNews.com has ranked Pitt fifth in 2010 and 3rd in 2009.
On this day in Pittsburgh history...
Did you know...
- ...that Litchfield Towers is the largest and tallest dormitory at the University of Pittsburgh's main campus, at 22 stories in height and housing over 1,850 residents?
- ... that Emil John Mihalik, the first Byzantine Eparch of Parma, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania?
- ... that the 23 home runs hit by Johnny Rizzo in 1938 set a Pittsburgh Pirates team record at the time, and his nine RBI in a 1939 game set a single game team record that still stands today?
- ... that the American Iron and Steel Institute formed the Steelmark in 1960 to promote American steel, with the logo put on the helmets of the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1962 to further publicize the program?
- ... that William J. Winter, while serving as auxiliary bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, confirmed an estimated 45,000 Catholics?
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