Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, ) is a media franchise owned by a popular video game producer Nintendo and created by Satoshi Tajiri around 1995. Originally released as a pair of interlinkable Game Boy role-playing video games, Pokémon has since become the second most successful and lucrative videogame-based media franchise in the world, falling only behind Nintendo's Mario series. Pokémon properties have since been merchandised into anime, manga, trading cards, toys, books, and other media. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006, and as of December 1, 2006, cumulative sold units of the video games (including home console versions) have reached more than 155 million copies, Pokémon were meant for all people to have fun and enjoy and have fun with each other and their Pokémon.
The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand, "Pocket Monsters" (ポケットモンスター Poketto Monsutā), as such contractions are extremely common in Japan. The term "Pokémon", in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 801 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the recent release of the newest Pokémon role-playing games (RPGs) for the Nintendo 3DS, Pokémon X and Y. As with the words deer and sheep, the singular and plural forms of the word "Pokémon" do not differ, nor does each individual species name; in short, it is grammatically correct to say both "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon". Nintendo originally translated Poketto Monsutā literally, but a naming conflict with the Monster in My Pocket toy line caused Nintendo to rebrand the franchise as "Pokémon" in early 1996. The game's catchphrase in the Japanese language versions of the franchise is "ポケモンGETだぜ! (Pokémon Getto Daze! - Let's Get Pokémon!)"; in English language versions of the franchise, it was originally "Gotta catch 'em all!," although it was dropped after Pokémon Crystal, before returning in promotional materials for Pokémon X and Y, and the spin-off series Pokémon Chronicles.
In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon representation agreement. Pokémon USA Inc., a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon Co., now oversees all Pokémon licensing outside of Asia.
Pikachu (ピカチュウ Pikachū), known as the Mouse Pokémon, is an electric Pokémon and is the evolved form of Pichu. Given that Pikachu is a central character in the Pokémon anime, the figurehead of Pokémon Yellow, and the mascot and "face" of the Pokémon franchise in general, it is considered to be the most recognizable Pokémon. Pikachu evolves into Raichu via the use of a Thunder Stone. In the Pokémon Yellow game, using a Thunder Stone on Pikachu makes it cry and refuse to evolve. From the second generation of the Pokémon games onward, Pikachu has an evolutionary predecessor, Pichu, which evolves into Pikachu after establishing a close friendship with its trainer.
The Pokédex, in several games in the series, states that Pikachu forage for berries. In lieu of climbing trees, they use small electrical bolts to release the berries and apples from the tree, roasting them at the same time. For already fallen berries and apples they use their electricity to roast and tenderize them. They are said to store electricity in their cheeks, and by simply squeezing them they can discharge sparks, lightning bolts, or other forms of electricity. When threatened, a group of Pikachu can generate an intense electrical output, and the electro-magnetic forces exerted by the resulting field can even produce short-lived, localized thunder and lightning storms. They occasionally use an electric shock to recharge a fellow Pikachu that is in a weakened state. more...
- ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
- ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
- ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
- ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
- ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
- ... that the Kalos region took heavy influences from France?
- ^ Pokédex: This intelligent Pokémon roasts hard Berries with electricity to make them tender enough to eat. Game Freak (2000-03-06). Pokémon Stadium. Nintendo 64. Nintendo.
- ^ Pokédex: It lives in forests with others. It stores electricity in the pouches on its cheeks. Game Freak (2007-04-22). Pokémon Diamond. Nintendo DS. Nintendo.
- ^ Pokédex: When several of these Pokémon gather, their electricity could build and cause lightning storms. Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red and Blue. Game Boy. Nintendo.
- ^ Pokédex: It occasionally uses an electric shock to recharge a fellow Pikachu that is in a weakened state. Game Freak (2009-03-22). Pokémon Platinum. Nintendo DS. Nintendo.