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Logo of Pokémon for its international releases; Pokémon is short for the original Japanese title of Pocket Monsters

Pokémon (English: /ˈpkɪˌmɒn, -ki-, -k-/), also known as Pocket Monsters in Japan, is a media franchise managed by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese consortium between Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures. The franchise copyright is shared by all three companies, but Nintendo is the sole owner of the trademark. The franchise was created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995, and is centered on fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans, known as Pokémon Trainers, catch and train to battle each other for sport. The English slogan for the franchise is "Gotta Catch 'Em All". Works within the franchise are set in the Pokémon universe.

The franchise began as Pokémon Red and Green (later released outside of Japan as Pokémon Red and Blue), a pair of video games for the original Game Boy that were developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo in February 1996. It soon became a media mix franchise adapted into various different media. Pokémon has since gone on to become the highest-grossing media franchise of all time, with $90 billion in total franchise revenue. The original video game series is the second best-selling video game franchise (behind Nintendo's Mario franchise) with more than 340 million copies sold and 1 billion mobile downloads, and it spawned a hit anime television series that has become the most successful video game adaptation with over 20 seasons and 1,000 episodes in 169 countries. In addition, the Pokémon franchise includes the world's top-selling toy brand, the top-selling trading card game with over 27.2 billion cards sold, an anime film series, a live-action film, books, manga comics, music, merchandise, and a theme park. The franchise is also represented in other Nintendo media, such as the Super Smash Bros. series.

Selected Pokémon

Charizard (リザードン, Rizādon), known as the Flame Pokémon, is the final stage in Charmander evolution. Its name seems to be a portmanteau of the words "char" and "lizard". Whereas Charmander and Charmeleon are ground-bound lizard like creatures, Charizard resembles a large traditional European dragon. Despite this, Charizard is explicitly a Fire/Flying-type, not a Dragon-type.[1] This Pokémon is on the cover art for the boxes of Pokémon Red, FireRed, and many other side games. During an interview, Pokémon Company president Tsunekazu Ishihara stated Charizard was expected to be popular with North American audiences, citing their preference for strong, powerful characters.[2] At one point, the Base Set Pokémon Trading Card Game card of Charizard was highly sought-after, fetching prices of over $100 U.S.

Charizard have two wings that are blue on the front, while the back is orange like the most of its body. Its belly ands soles however are cream-colored. Although hardly visible, Charizard's eye is light blue in color. It uses its three-clawed feet more than it uses its own hands. Its wings can carry this Pokémon close to an altitude of 4,600 feet.[3] It breathes intense flames that can melt any material. However, it will never torch a weaker foe.[4] One is also capable of crushing enemies with its claws. Charizard are violent yet honorable creatures, flying proudly around the sky and constantly seeking for powerful opponents to quarrel with.[5] If Charizard becomes furious, the flame at the tip of its tail flares up in a whitish-blue color.[6] Because of their reckless behavior, Charizard are also known to unintentionally cause wildfires.[7] Charizard is 5ft and 7inches long and weighs 199.5 Lb more...

Did you know?

  • ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
  • ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
  • ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
  • ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
  • ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
  • ... that the Kalos region took heavy influences from France?


  1. ^ "Charizard :: Best Pokémon". makefive.com. Retrieved May 22, 2009.
  2. ^ Nintendo. "Interview with Tsunekazu Ishihara" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  3. ^ Game Freak (2004-09-07). Pokémon FireRed. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. Its wings can carry this Pokémon close to an altitude of 4,600 feet. It blows out fire at very high temperatures.
  4. ^ Game Freak (2005-05-01). Pokémon Emerald. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. A Charizard flies about in search of strong opponents. It breathes intense flames that can melt any material. However, it will never torch a weaker foe.
  5. ^ Game Freak (2003-03-17). Pokémon Ruby. Game Boy Advance. Nintendo. Charizard flies around the sky in search of powerful opponents. It breathes fire of such great heat that it melts anything. However, it never turns its fiery breath on any opponent weaker than itself.
  6. ^ Game Freak (2000-10-15). Pokémon Gold. Game Boy Color. Nintendo. If Charizard becomes furious, the flame at the tip of its tail flares up in a whitish-blue color.
  7. ^ Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red. Game Boy. Nintendo. It spits fire that is hot enough to melt boulders. Known to cause forest fires unintentionally.


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