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In rail transport, a train is a vehicle or (more frequently) a string of vehicles capable of being moved along a continuous line of rails or other guideway for the purpose of conveying freight or passengers between points on a predetermined route. The train may be hauled or propelled by one or more vehicles designed exclusively for that purpose (locomotives) or may be driven by a number of motors incorporated in all or several of the vehicles (multiple units).
As of 2018[update], there are approximately 1,052,000 kilometres (654,000 mi) of railway track in use worldwide. (World Bank (via Archive.org))
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Did you know...
- ...that the opening ceremonies of the Galway to Clifden railway were very sparsely attended because the event date was a strict church holiday and was reserved for attending church services?
- ...that following heavy damage to the Galveston Island Trolley track and cars from Hurricane Ike in 2008, substitute service with replica buses was operated until service resumed in October 2021?
- ...that although the former Santa Fe Railway's Galesburg station was demolished after regular passenger service to the station ended in 1996, the site is still used if derailments cause trains to use the Chillicothe Subdivision instead of the Mendota Subdivision?
- ...that the Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, which opened in 2010, was so heavily used that it reached capacity in 2015, spurring construction on the parallel Fuzhou–Xiamen high-speed railway for CRH passenger train services?
- March 31
- 1842 – The Middleton Junction and Oldham Branch Railway opens to Werneth in northwest England.
- 1924 – American Car and Foundry acquires Pacific Car and Foundry.
- 1980 – The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (the Rock Island Railroad) ceases operations.
- 2005 – Kawasaki Rail Car is awarded a $499 million order to build 340 new commuter coaches and power cars for PATH (pictured) in New York and New Jersey; the order is part of a plan to completely replace PATH's entire fleet of cars.
- Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe No. 2926, a 4-8-4 steam locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1944, moves under its own power for the first time since Christmas Eve of 1953, after nearly twenty-two years of being rebuilt by volunteers. The locomotive will be put into mainline excursion service. (NMSL&RHS, Trains Magazine on Facebook)
- Steamtown National Historic Site completes thorough cosmetic overhaul on Union Pacific 4-8-8-4 Big Boy No. 4012, which is moved back on static display before National Train Day. (NEPA Scene)
- 2021 Hualien train derailment – A Taroko Express train operated by the Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) derails at the north entrance of Qingshui Tunnel in Heren Section, Xiulin Township, Hualien County, Taiwan, killing 49 people and injuring at least 200 others. North of Hualien City a construction truck had fallen down a slope onto the tracks. The eight-carriage train derailed after colliding with the truck, and then came to a rest in the tunnel, with severe damage and many casualties. (Bloomberg, CNN, CNA, New York Times, Financial Times)
- December 31, 2020 – Following a complete restoration, Chesapeake and Ohio 1309, a 2-6-6-2 Mallet locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1949, the last steam locomotive built by Baldwin for the North American market, is operated under its own power for test runs. When returned to service on the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad, it will be the largest steam locomotive in regular scheduled service in the United States and take 2-8-0 No. 734’s place as the largest active steam locomotive in the state of Maryland. (Trains.com Newswire)
- September 28, 2020 – Amtrak operates a test run using one of the 28 new Avelia Liberty trains manufactured by Alstom along the full length of the Northeast Corridor to Boston South Station. Previous test runs had occurred from Washington, D.C., only as far north as New Jersey and Delaware. Barring any problems, the trains are expected to enter regular service on the route in 2021. (Universal Hub)
- June 13, 2020 – The Bay Area Rapid Transit Silicon Valley BART extension opened its stations in Milpitas and North San Jose. (San Jose Spotlight, SF Gate)
dowty retarders" finesse the speed of a car being sorted as it approaches a switch or the new consists to which it is being joined. (from Rail yard)Smaller local hydraulic "
Union Pacific Big Boy locomotives represented the pinnacle of steam locomotive technology and power (from Train)The
Southern Railway (UK) 20002 was equipped with both pantograph and contact shoes (from Locomotive)
London Underground battery-electric locomotive at West Ham station used for hauling engineers' trains (from Locomotive)A
Pacific National diesel locomotives in Australia showing three body types, cab unit (front), hood unit (middle) and box cab (rear) (from Locomotive)
Cedar Hill Yard in Connecticut shows a variety of different facilities, including receiving yards, departure yards, classification yards, and a repair yard. (from Rail yard)This map of
China Railways HXD1D electric locomotive in China (from Locomotive)A
journal bearings (from Train)US-style railroad truck (bogie) with
rail yard (from Rolling stock)Variety of rolling stock in
wooden toy train set from Swedish manufacturer Brio (from Train)A
Bombardier ALP-45DP at the Innotrans convention in Berlin (from Locomotive)
China Railways CRH1A-A train (from Train)Second-class compartment of a
New Orleans Streetcar System is one of the oldest in the world (from Train)The
S7 Stock in London. (from Railroad car)An interior of a
caboose (from Railroad car)Typical American extended vision
Armored train Hurban located in Zvolen, Slovakia (from Railroad car)
Metropolitan line S8 Stock at Amersham in London. (from Railroad car)A
Union Pacific 18, a gas turbine-electric locomotive preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum (from Locomotive)
Soviet RT-23 Molodets ICBM launch train, in the St Petersburg museum (from Railroad car)
boxcar type) for the South Australian Railways, 1926 (from Railroad car)A freight car (
Switzerland, are minor and do not cause injuries or damage. (from Train)Most derailments, such as this one in
scale. The speed regulation (retarder brakes and speed sensors) devices shown in the foreground adjust the car speed for the calculated soft-coupling on arrival along the sorting track for the consist it is being routed to join. (from Rail yard)A hump classification type of yard. The camera is positioned near where cars are decoupled and begin to accelerate downhill past a
0 Series Shinkansen pioneered high speed rail service (from Train)The Japanese
VR Class Tk3 steam locomotive in the town of Kokkola in Central Ostrobothnia, Finland (from Locomotive)
classification yard in the United States (from Train)Various types of railroad cars in a
Amtrak equipment, located next to the Los Angeles River. The two tracks on the left are the mainline. (from Rail yard)Yard for
Tokyo Monorail train (from Train)A
Union Pacific freight train; high clearances enable double-stacked containers to be carried in well cars (from Train)A
Amtrak and Metra coach yard in Chicago, Illinois. About 25 percent of all rail traffic in the United States travels through the Chicago area. (from Rail yard)A large
British Rail Mark 3 coach, an all-steel car from the 1970s (from Railroad car)
Škoda Artic light rail train near the cathedral in Tampere, Finland (from Train)
SECR Class P on the Bluebell Railway, England (from Locomotive)Wainwright
British Rail Class 150 in the United Kingdom. (from Railroad car)A
DB Class V 200 diesel-hydraulic locomotive at Technikmuseum, Berlin (from Locomotive)A German
SŽD Eel2, 1924 in Kyiv (from Locomotive)World's first useful diesel locomotive (a diesel-electric locomotive) for long distances
gas turbine locomotive operated by the Union Pacific Railroad (from Train)A
Metro-North Railroad (from Train)A number of maintenance vehicles at work on
Victorian Railways R class steam locomotive in Australia (from Locomotive)A
Locomotion No. 1 at Darlington Railway Centre and Museum (from Locomotive)The
WikiProject Trains (Shortcut: WP:TWP)
- WikiProject Stations (WP:STA)
- WikiProject Streetcars (WP:TRAM)
- WikiProject Rapid transit (WP:RTPJ) inactive
- By region:
- WikiProject Metros of the former Soviet Union (WP:SOVMETRO) inactive
- WikiProject Indian railways (WP:INRW)
- WikiProject Trains in Japan (WP:TJ)
- WikiProject New Zealand Railways (WP:NZR)
- WikiProject Pakistan Railways (WP:PKR) inactive
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Fictional rail transport topics:
Note: WikiProjects marked as inactive are retained pending future editing activity
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