All main-line rail operations in India are handled by Indian Railways (IR), a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways. , the rail network comprises 121,407 km (75,439 mi) of track over a route of 67,368 km (41,861 mi) and 7,349 stations. It is the fourth-largest railway network in the world (after those of the United States, Russia and China). Thirty eight percent of the routes are electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction while thirty-three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.
It is one of the busiest networks in the world, transporting 8.107 billion passengers and over 1.108 billion tonnes of freight annually, Indian Railways is the world's eighth largest employer, with more than 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India.
The urban rail transit systems across the country are operated independently of Indian Railways. There are currently 11 operational rapid transit (also called 'metro') systems in ten cities in India. As of November 2017, India has 425 kilometres (264 miles) of operational metro lines and 347 stations. A further 500+ km of lines are under construction.
The division's total expenditure in 2008-09 was to the tune of Rs. 1.35 billion. Its Performance Efficiency Index was therefore pegged at 57.04%. The corresponding figures for 2007-08 were 0.89 billion and 32.92% respectively. The headquarters of the Guntur Division is located at Rail Vikas Bhavan, Pattabhipuram, Guntur.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus , formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT, is a historic railway station in Mumbai which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.It is the first station in India, then called Bori Bunder. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India. It is the only railway station to be a UNESCO World Heritage. The station building was designed in the Victorian Gothic style of architecture, by Axel Herman and Frederick William Stevens. It was constructed by 1888, by Frederick William Stevens at a cost of Rs.16,14,000/-(then).
July 20 – The government of Andra Pradesh announces that among the eight companies that submitted proposals, Larsen & Toubro is the preferred bidder for construction of the Hyderabad Metro in India, costing a proposed 122 billion. The state and federal governments will each finance 20% of the project while Larsen & Toubro will finance the remaining 60%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. (Railway Gazette)
June 6 - Passengers of the Hazrat Nizamuddin-VisakhapatnamSamata Express had a narrow escape when its engine derailed near Arand railway station in Chhattisgarh, but no one was injured. Rail services through the track were affected for about five hours due to the derailment at an area between Arand and Bhimkhoj stations in Raipur section. The cause of derailment is yet to be ascertained, officials said.The Hindu
The Maitree Express (Hindi: मैत्री एक्सप्रेस), or Moitree Express (Bengali: মৈত্রী এক্সপ্রেস), is the name of international passenger train servies connecting Bangladesh to the Indian state of West Bengal. The name Maitree Express means the Friendship Express, denoting the significance of the train service to the foreign relations between India and Bangladesh. Train services between the two countries existed before the partition of India – the Maitree Express re-established this connection between the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka with Kolkata, the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal, in 2008 after being closed for 43 years. In 2017, a second train (the Maitree Express-II) was inaugurated connecting Kolkata with the Bangladeshi city of Khulna, recreating the previous Barisal Express route.