Sandstorm is an autonomous vehicle. Created by Carnegie Mellon University's Red Team, it is a heavily modified 1986 model 998 HMMWV. It competed in the DARPA Grand Challenge in 2004 and 2005. Sandstorm qualified in first position in the 2004 DARPA Grand Challenge. It travelled the fastest and farthest (7.4 miles) during the race before high centering on an embankment. Sandstorm competed in the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge on October 8th, qualifying third from the pole position behind Stanley and finished in 7 hours, 5 minutes, placing 2nd out of the five vehicles to complete the 132 mile course.
The sensors used by Sandstorm in 2004 included three fixed LIDAR laser-ranging units, one steerable LIDAR, a RADAR unit, and a pair of cameras for binocular vision. Sandstorm also has a GPS and an inertial navigation system for determining geographical position.