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Romania (/rˈmniə/ (About this soundlisten) ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a]  (About this soundlisten)) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest and other major urban areas include Iași, Timișoara, Cluj-Napoca, and Constanța.

The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft).

Picture of the Month

Article of the Month

Căile Ferate Române (Romanian Railways, abbreviated as CFR) is the official designation of the state railway carrier of Romania. CFR manages the fourth-largest railway network in Europe, in terms of volume of passengers and freight. The network is significantly interconnected with other European railway networks, providing pan-European passenger and freight services. CFR as an entity has been operating since 1880, even though the first railway on current Romanian territory was opened in 1854.

Technically, CFR is divided into four autonomous companies: CFR Călători, which is responsible for passenger services; CFR Marfă, responsible for freight transport; CFR Infrastructură, which manages the infrastructure on the Romanian railway network; and Societatea Feroviară de Turism, or SFT, which manages scenic and tourist railways.

Place of the week

Timișoara About this soundlisten  (Hungarian: Temesvár, German: Temeswar / Temeschburg, Serbian: Temišvar, Turkish: Tamışvar) is a city in the Banat region of western Romania. With a population of 305,977 in 2004 (329,554 in 2000), it is the capital of Timiș County. It is frequently known in English simply as Timisoara.

All of the variants of its name derive from the Timiș River, known in Roman Antiquity as river Tibisis or Tibiscus. Timișoara is a multicultural city with influential minorities, primarily Germans, Magyars, and Serbs, as well as Italians, and Greeks. It was the birthplace of Johnny Weissmuller (an Olympic swimmer, best known for his role as Tarzan). Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, built Timișoara's footbridge over the Bega. An industrial city with extensive services, it was the first European city to be lit by electric street lamps (the city was part of Austria-Hungary then). Romania is a very interesting place to visit!

Recent events in Romania

More news from: Wikinews - Google -Rompres -Meteo -Mediafax

Did you know ...

...that the Danube Delta in Romania is Europe's second largest and best preserved delta?
...that the Romanian language is the only Romance language where definite articles are enclitic?
...that, with an area of 238,391 km², Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe?
...that Romania's Palace of Parliament, despite the building process not being completely finished, is the biggest building in Europe and the second-largest building in the world?
...that Romania renominated its currency, the leu, in July 2005, so that 10,000 old lei equal 1 new leu?
...that Timișoara, a city in western Romania, was the first European city to have electric streetlights (that time part of Austria-Hungary)?
...that Bucharest's RATB mass transit network is the fourth largest in Europe?
...that Romania joined the EU on 1 January 2007?
...that Romania has the highest Internet speed in Europe?

Things you can do


This is just the start of the Romanian Wikiportal. Much needs to be done. So please, help out.

You can now locate any important place in Bucharest (as soon as possible will be ready for all Romanian cities) using a special map: [1] www.bucuresti.com.ro, with a special 3D view.


Other Wikimedia and Wikiportals

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides



Parent portals: Europe | European Union

Related portals: Bucharest

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