Portal:Royal Australian Navy

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Royal Australian Navy

Naval Ensign of Australia.svg

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. The RAN's stated mission is "to fight and win in the maritime environment as an element of a joint or combined force. To assist in maintaining Australia's sovereignty and to contribute to the security of our region."

The RAN currently has nearly 14,420 personnel on active duty or in the Reserve and operates over 50 vessels, including frigates, submarines, patrol boats and auxiliary ships. The RAN is one of the most modern navies in the Pacific and is responsible for defending Australian waters and undertaking operations in distant locations.

The Commonwealth Naval Forces were established on 1 March 1901, two months after the Federation of Australia. On 10 July 1911, King George V granted the title of Royal Australian Navy. The Royal Navy continued to provide blue water defence in the Pacific until World War II, when expansion of the RAN saw the acquisition of aircraft carriers, and other large surface vessels.

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HMAS Canberra sailing into Sydney Harbour in 1930.jpg

The History of the Royal Australian Navy can be traced back to 1788 and the colonisation of Australia by the British. During this period until 1859 vessels of the Royal Navy made frequent trips to the new colonies. In 1859 the Australia Squadron was formed as a separate squadron and remained in Australia until 1913. During the period before Federation each of the 6 Australian colonies operated their own colonial naval force, these amalgamated in 1901 as the Commonwealth Naval Force. The Royal Australian Navy was established in 1911 and in 1913 the fleet steamed through Sydney Heads for the first time.The Royal Australian Navy has seen action in every ocean of the world during its short life. Seeing action in World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam and countless smaller conflicts. Today the RAN fields a small but modern force, widely regarded as one of the most powerful forces in the Asia Pacific Region.

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HMAS Canberra sailing into Sydney Harbour in 1930.jpg

Photo credit: Australian War Memorial collection database

HMAS Canberra passing under the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1930, the bridge is still under construction.

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Ordinary Seaman Teddy Sheean

Ordinary Seaman Teddy Sheean was a sailor in the Royal Australian Navy during World War II. Teddy Sheean was posted on the Bathurst-class corvette HMAS Armidale in 1942 when it was given the task of landing commandos at Betano. On December 1 during the second attempt to reach Betano, Armidale came under attack. Teddy Sheean manned an Oerlikon Anti-aircraft gun and was wounded by strafing Japanese planes, he went down with the ship, still strapped into the gun and still shooting at the attacking aircraft. For his actions during the war the Collins Class submarine HMAS Sheean was named after him, with the motto "Fight On".

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HMAS Anzac F-150.jpg

The Anzac class frigate is the primary fleet unit of the Royal Australian Navy. The Anzac is based on the based on a modified German MEKO 200 design. In total 10 units have been built, 8 for the RAN and 2 for the Royal New Zealand Navy. The ANZAC's can displace 3,600 tonnes and were some of the first ships in the world to be equipped with the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles



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