The Royalty Portal
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family. The term imperial family appropriately describes the family of an emperor or empress, and the term papal family describes the family of a pope, while the terms baronial family, comital family, ducal family, grand ducal family, or princely family are more appropriate to describe the relatives of a reigning baron, count, duke, grand duke, or prince. However, in common parlance members of any family which reigns by hereditary right are often referred to as royalty or "royals." It is also customary in some circles to refer to the extended relations of a deposed monarch and his or her descendants as a royal family. A dynasty is sometimes referred to as "the House of ...". As of July 2013, there are 26 active sovereign monarchies in the world who rule or reign over 43 countries in all.
(1893–1920) was King
from 11 June 1917 until his death at the age of 27. He succeeded his father, King Constantine I
, in 1917, after the Entente Powers
of World War I and followers of Eleftherios Venizelos
pushed the king and his eldest son Crown Prince George
into exile. Venizelos, as prime minister, became the effective ruler with the support of the Entente. Though reduced to the status of a puppet king, Alexander supported Greek troops during their war against the Ottoman Empire
. Under his reign, Greece expanded, following the victory of the Entente and the early stages of the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922
. Alexander married the commoner Aspasia Manos
in 1919, provoking a major scandal that forced the couple to leave Greece for several months. Soon after returning to Greece with his wife, Alexander was bitten by a domestic Barbary macaque
and died of septicemia
. The sudden death of the sovereign contributed to the fall of the Venizelist regime. After a general election
and a referendum
, Constantine I was restored.
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The Prince's Palace of Monaco
is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco
. Originally founded in 1191 as a Genoese fortress
, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bombarded and besieged by many foreign powers. Since the end of the 13th century, it has been the stronghold and home of the Grimaldi
family who first captured it in 1297. The Grimaldis' power was often derived from fragile agreements with their larger and stronger neighbours. Thus while the sovereigns of Europe were building luxurious, modern Renaissance
palaces, politics and common sense demanded that the palace of the Monaco rulers be fortified. The Grimaldis' occupation of their palace is also unusual because, unlike other European ruling families, the absence of alternative palaces and land shortages have resulted in their use of the same residence for more than seven centuries. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the palace and its owners became symbols of the slightly risqué glamour and decadence
that was associated with Monte Carlo
and the French Riviera
. Glamour and theatricality became reality when the American film star Grace Kelly
to the palace in 1956. In the 21st century, the palace remains the residence of the current
Prince of Monaco.