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Portal:Rugby union

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South African Victor Matfield takes a line-out against New Zealand in 2006.

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world simply as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts on each try line.

Rugby union is a popular sport around the world, played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, there were more than 6 million people playing worldwide, of whom 2.36 million were registered players. World Rugby, previously called the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) and the International Rugby Board (IRB), has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, and currently has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members.

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The All Blacks performing a haka prior to a Test against France in 2006.
France and New Zealand's national teams have been playing each other in Test rugby union since 1906. New Zealand's team, known as the All Blacks, won the first Test between the countries 38–8 on 1 January 1906. This was also France's first ever Test. They played again in 1924, and then in 1954. The 1954 match was won 3–0 by France and was their first victory over the All Blacks. France first toured New Zealand in 1961 — before any of the Home Nations — and the All Blacks won all three Tests.

Overall the All Blacks have won 34 Tests, France 11, with one drawn. The highest victory between the countries was achieved when the All Blacks won 61–10 at Westpac Stadium in 2007. The most career points scored by members of either team is 92 by Andrew Mehrtens; he also holds the record for points in one match with 29.(More...)

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USA 1924 rugby team.jpg

The United States team that defeated France to win the gold medal in rugby union at the 1924 Summer Olympics.

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When I see Gareth Edwards, I can still see the try he got against Scotland in the mud and rain. I look at Colin Meads and see a great big sheep farmer who carried the ball in his hands as though it was an orange pip.

—Bill McLaren

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Colin Windon (1921 – 2003) was a rugby union player who captained Australia – the Wallabies – in two Test matches in 1951. He was first selected for Australia for their tour of New Zealand that year. Despite the Wallabies losing both their Tests on tour, Windon impressed with his play. In 1947 Windon was selected for Australia's tour of Europe and North America where he played 27 of his side's 36 matches. He played all five Tests on tour, against Scotland, Ireland, Wales, England and France. In the match against England, which Australia won 11–0 after a dominant display from Windon that included two tries. He was appointed vice-captain for the Wallabies 1949 tour of New Zealand, where Australia won both Test matches to win the Bledisloe Cup in New Zealand for the first time. He captained his country in two matches against the touring New Zealanders in 1951. Windon's career ended after an injury interrupted tour to South Africa in 1953. His eleven Test tries was the most by an Australian until the 1980s, and he was named in Australian rugby's team of the century in 1999. In 2005 he was honoured as one of the inaugural five inductees into the Australian Rugby Union Hall of Fame.

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History History of rugby unionHistory of the Rugby World Cup
Terminology TryScrumSubstituteFirst teamTackleTouchLine-outFree kickOffsidePenaltyTestimonial matchLocal derby
Rules OffsideFoulGoal kickExperimental Law VariationsPenaltyExtra time
Positions PropHookerLockNumber 8FlankerScrum HalfFly-halfCentreWingFullback
Governing bodies World RugbyRugby AfricaAsia RugbyOceania RugbyRugby EuropeRugby Americas NorthSudamérica Rugby
Competitions World Cup • World Cup Sevens • U-19 World Championship • U-21 World Championship • Africa Cup • Asian Five Nations • Churchill Cup • European Nations Cup • Four Nations • IRB Nations Cup • Pacific Nations Cup • Pan American • Sevens World Series • Six Nations • Super Cup • Tri Nations

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