Portal:Saudi Arabia

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The Saudi Arabia Portal - بوابة المملكة العربية السعودية

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Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia's location on a map of the world.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA, or Saudi Arabia (pronounced in English /ˈsɒdɪ əˈɹeɪ̯bɪə/), السعودية /ælʕɑrɑˈbiː æsːæʕuːˈdijːæ/ or, less commonly, It is the largest state in the Middle East and is located in the south-west of Asia. It is the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula, with an area of ​​about 2 million square kilometers. Iraq and Jordan are bounded by Kuwait from the north-east, and from the east by Qatar and United Arab Emirates. In addition to Bahrain which is connected to Saudi Arabia through King Fahd Causeway is located on the Arabian Gulf, and to the south is bordered by Yemen and, Oman from the southeast and by the Red Sea to the west.

Saudi Arabia enjoys a stable political and economic position in generally its economy depends on oil as it has the 2nd largest oil reserves, six gas reserves and the largest crude oil exporter in the world, which accounts for nearly 90% of exports. The Kingdom ranks 19th among the world's largest economies, the IMF and the World Bank, and veto power of 3% in the International Monetary Fund. Saudi Arabia is considered one of the most influential political and economic forces in the world for its Islamic position, its economic wealth, its control over oil prices, its global supply, and its large media presence in a number of satellite channels and print newspapers.

Saudi Arabia is a membership in the GCC, League of Arab States, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, G-20, International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization and OPEC.

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King Abdullah in Washington 2005

Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to his death in 2015. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd.

Abdullah, like Fahd, was one of the many sons of Ibn Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia. Abdullah held important political posts throughout most of his adult life. In 1961 he became mayor of Mecca, his first public office. The following year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still holding when he became king. He also served as deputy defense minister and was named crown prince when Fahd took the throne in 1982. After King Fahd suffered a serious stroke in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later.

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Abraj Al Bait, in Mecca, is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. With a height of 601m, it is considered the 2nd tallest building in the world.

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Kaaba, Al-Masjid Haram
Photo credit: Bluemangoa2z

The Kaaba or Ka'aba also referred as Kaaba Muazzama (Grand Kaaba), is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

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This Portal is maintained by WikiProject Saudi Arabia.

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King Fahd's Fountain in Jeddah

Jeddah is one of the provinces of Makkah and is located in the west of the Red Sea. The province is located 949 km from the capital Riyadh, and is 79 km from Mecca, and 420 km away from Medina it is a economic and tourism capital for Saudi Arabia The first in the Kingdom for tourists both inside and outside the Kingdom, and is the first in terms of projects towers and skyscrapers. With a population of 3,456,259 million Jeddah is the second largest city in Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Mecca, The largest seaport on the Red Sea. It is considered to be a financial and business center in Saudi Arabia and a major port for the export of non-oil goods and for the import of local needs. There are 135 international skyscrapers under construction in the city.

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Sultan bin Salman

Prince Sultan bin Salman was a colonel in the Royal Saudi Air Force and astronaut. He is a grandson of King Ibn Saud and is the only Saudi citizen to travel in space. He was also the first Arab, the first Muslim and the first member of royalty in space.

Prince Sultan was born 27 June 1956, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, the second son of Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz. He completed his elementary and secondary education in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. He obtained master'sdDegree in social and political science at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University, USA. He is a certified civil pilot (FAA, USA-1976) and a fighter pilot, Colonel (retired)- Royal Saudi Air Force.

In 1982, he was appointed to the position of researcher in the Department of International Communications at the Ministry of Information in Saudi Arabia.

In 1984, he served as Deputy Director for the Saudi Arabian Olympic Information Committee at the Olympics in Los Angeles, California. Later that year, when the Department of Advertising was created at the Ministry of Information, he was appointed its Acting Director.

In 1985, he flew as a Payload Specialist on STS-51-G Discovery (17-24 June 1985). As one of a seven member international crew, which also included American and French astronauts, he represented the Arab Satellite Communications Organization (ARABSAT) in deploying their satellite, ARABSAT-1B.

Upon conclusion of his space flight, he helped in founding the Association of Space Explorers, an international organization comprising all astronauts and cosmonauts who have been in space, and served on its Board of Directors for several years.

In 1985, he was commissioned as an officer into the Royal Saudi Air Force. He holds the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and is qualified in several military and civilian aircraft.

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