The Scouting Portal
The Scout movement, also known as Scouting or the Scouts, is a voluntary non-political educational movement for young people open to all without distinction of gender, origin, race or creed, in accordance with the purpose, principles and method conceived by the founder, Lord Baden-Powell. The purpose of the Scout Movement is to contribute to the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of their local, national and international communities.
During the first half of the twentieth century, the movement grew to encompass three major age groups for boys (Cub Scout, Boy Scout, Rover Scout) and, in 1910, a new organization, Girl Guides, was created for girls (Brownie Guide, Girl Guide and Girl Scout, Ranger Guide). It is one of several worldwide youth organizations.
In 1906 and 1907 Robert Baden-Powell, a lieutenant general in the British Army, wrote a book for boys about reconnaissance and scouting. This book, Scouting for Boys, was based on his earlier books about military scouting, with influence and support of Frederick Russell Burnham (Chief of Scouts in British Africa), Ernest Thompson Seton of the Woodcraft Indians, William Alexander Smith of the Boys' Brigade, and his publisher Pearson. In mid-1907 Baden-Powell held a camp on Brownsea Island in England to test ideas for his book. This camp and the publication of Scouting for Boys (London, 1908) are generally regarded as the start of the Scout movement.
Four German Kohte
. A Kohte is a German Scout tent based on the shape and function of the Saami (Laplander) tipi-like reindeer skin tent.
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Selected anniversaries - April
- July 6, 2014: The 35th World Conference of WAGGGS welcomes the Myanmar Girl Guides as an associate member of WAGGGS. Armenia, Cameroon, Cook Islands, Guinea and Mongolia become full members; Uruguay lost its membership. Full story
Alexander Lion a Jewish surgeon, who converted to Catholicism at age 16, who was the co-founder of the German Scout Movement along with Maximilian Bayer. In March 1908 Lion read an article in The Times entitled "Scouting as a Sport" and in August he began corresponding with Robert Baden-Powell Shortly after Lion wrote his first article about Scouting in the magazine "Ärztliche Rundschau". During a month long study tour of England in 1909 he spent three days in London with Baden-Powell. Following this meeting he set up the German Scout movement, writing the book "Das Pfadfinderbuch", (the Scouting book). He was awarded the Iron Cross while serving as a surgeon in World War I. The Nazis considered him a Jew and sentenced him to 10 months in prison for "treasonous" Scouting activity. He was denounced during World War II but survived and was instrumental in getting Scouting restarted after the war.
Scouting by region
World Organization of the Scout Movement:
World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts: