Portal:Serer people/Selected article/2
Serer medieval history to the 19th century is partly characterised by resisting Islamization and later Wolofization from the 11th century during the Almoravid movement (particularly the Serers of Takrur) to the 19th century Marabout movement of Senegambia. Although the old Serer paternal dynasties (descendants of the old Lamanes such as the Joof family, etc.) continued, the Wagadou maternal dynasty was replaced by the Guelowar maternal dynasty in the 14th century. After the Ghana Empire was sacked as certain kingdoms gained their independence, Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar, leader of the Almoravids launched a jihad into the region. In November 1087 (C.E), the Serer King Ama Gôdô Maat, according to oral tradition defeated Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar and he was killed by a poisoned arrow.
In 1446, a Portuguese caravel carrying the Portuguese slave trader - Nuno Tristão and his party attempted to enter Serer territory in order to carry out slave raiding. None of the adult passengers of that caravel survived. They all succumbed to Serer poisoned arrows except five young Portuguese (or less). One of them was left with the task to charter the caravel back to Portugal. Nuno was amongst those killed.