Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; Wu Chinese: Wu pronunciation; Mandarin: [ʂâŋ.xài] ( listen)) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million as of 2017 . It is a global financial centre and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea.
As a major administrative, shipping and trading city, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and recognition of its favourable port location and economic potential. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade following the British victory over China in the First Opium War. The subsequent 1842 Treaty of Nanking and 1844 Treaty of Whampoa allowed the establishment of the Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession. The city then flourished as a centre of commerce between China and other parts of the world (predominantly the Occident), and became the primary financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. However, with the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries, and the city's global influence declined. In the 1990s, the economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense re-development of the city, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment to the city. It has since re-emerged as a hub for international trade and finance; it is the home of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the world's largest by market capitalization.
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) (simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥国际机场; traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋國際機場; pinyin: Shànghǎi Hóngqiáo Guójì Jīchǎng) is one of two international airports in Shanghai, China. It is located in Changning District, 13 km west of downtown Shanghai in Puxi, and is closer to the city than Shanghai Pudong International Airport, which is located at the eastern edge of Pudong, 40 km from the city center.
In 2010, Hongqiao airport handled 31,298,812 passengers, making it the fourth busiest airport in the People's Republic of China. The airport was also the 5th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic and the 7th busiest airport by traffic movements.
Shi Zhecun (simplified Chinese: 施蛰存; traditional Chinese: 施蟄存; pinyin: Shī Zhécún) (December 3, 1905 - November 19, 2003) was a Chinese author and journal editor in Shanghai during the 1930s. He also wrote poetry and essays, but is now most known for his modernist short stories exploring the psychological conditions of Shanghai urbanites. From the 1940s onwards, he translated western novels into Chinese and also worked as a scholar of classical Chinese literature. Read more...
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