Sherlock Holmes ( or ) is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard.
First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; additional tales appeared from then until 1927, eventually totalling four novels and 56 short stories. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin.
Sherlock is a British television crime drama that presents a contemporary adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories. Created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, it stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes and Martin Freeman as Doctor John Watson. Nine episodes have been produced, the first three of which aired in 2010. Series two aired in 2012, and a third series aired in the first quarter of 2014. The third series has become the UK's most watched drama series since 2001.
Sherlock depicts "consulting detective" Holmes, assisted by his flatmate, Dr John Watson who has returned from military service in Afghanistan, helping the Metropolitan Police Service, primarily Detective Inspector Greg Lestrade (Rupert Graves), in solving various crimes. Although the series depicts a variety of crimes and perpetrators, Holmes' conflict with his archnemesis Jim Moriarty (Andrew Scott) is a recurring feature. Sue Vertue and Elaine Cameron of Hartswood Films produced the series for the BBC and co-produced it with WGBH Boston for its Masterpiece anthology series on PBS. The series is primarily filmed in Cardiff, Wales. North Gower Street in London is used for exterior shots of Holmes and Watson's 221B Baker Street residence. In January 2014, Moffat has announced that a fourth series has been commissioned, with scripts being planned.
Critical reception was extremely positive, with many reviews commending the quality of the writing, performances and direction. Sherlock has been nominated for numerous awards including: BAFTAs, Emmys and Golden Globe, and winning several awards across a variety of categories. Sherlock has been sold to over 200 territories.
Sherlock Holmes (pictured is the scene from "The Empty House", where Holmes relates to Watson that "I had little doubt that I had come to the end of my career when I perceived the somewhat sinister figure of the late Professor Moriarty standing upon the narrow pathway which led to safety": Holmes is here observing Moriarty approaching), often known simply as Holmes, is a fictional character in the Sherlock Holmes stories created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes is the main character of the stories, and is near always partnered with Dr. Watson, who narrates the vast majority of stories. Holmes is based in 221b Baker Street, in London; where he works as the world's only consulting detective. Holmes first appeared in 1887, debuting in Beeton's Christmas Annual with "A Study in Scarlet", which held the first of his 60 stories, 56 short stories and 4 novels. Holmes narrates only 2 stories, leaving the other 58 to be narrated by his friend Dr. Watson. His last appearance was in "The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place", with Watson, Doyle had previously tried to stop writing the novels with "The Final Problem", but was forced to continue, making Holmes miraculously survive due to massive public outrage.
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Mark Gatiss, Steven Moffat, and Sue Vertue are perhaps responsible for the biggest boom in Holmes, particularly in the United Kingdom; this as the writers and producer respectively of Sherlock, the hugely popoular TV show.
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