Sherlock Holmes ( or ) is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard.
First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; additional tales appeared from then until 1927, eventually totalling four novels and 56 short stories. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin.
Sherlock is a British television crime drama that presents a contemporary adaptation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories. Created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, it stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes and Martin Freeman as Doctor John Watson. Nine episodes have been produced, the first three of which aired in 2010. Series two aired in 2012, and a third series aired in the first quarter of 2014. The third series has become the UK's most watched drama series since 2001.
Sherlock depicts "consulting detective" Holmes, assisted by his flatmate, Dr John Watson who has returned from military service in Afghanistan, helping the Metropolitan Police Service, primarily Detective Inspector Greg Lestrade (Rupert Graves), in solving various crimes. Although the series depicts a variety of crimes and perpetrators, Holmes' conflict with his archnemesis Jim Moriarty (Andrew Scott) is a recurring feature. Sue Vertue and Elaine Cameron of Hartswood Films produced the series for the BBC and co-produced it with WGBH Boston for its Masterpiece anthology series on PBS. The series is primarily filmed in Cardiff, Wales. North Gower Street in London is used for exterior shots of Holmes and Watson's 221B Baker Street residence. In January 2014, Moffat has announced that a fourth series has been commissioned, with scripts being planned.
Critical reception was extremely positive, with many reviews commending the quality of the writing, performances and direction. Sherlock has been nominated for numerous awards including: BAFTAs, Emmys and Golden Globe, and winning several awards across a variety of categories. Sherlock has been sold to over 200 territories.
Irene Adler (Adler's wedding which Holmes attended pictured, illustrated in The Strand Magazine in 1891), also known as the woman, is a fictional character in the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Adler is introduced as the protagonist in "A Scandal in Bohemia". In her fictional chronology, she is an opera singer who performs contralto; she is from New Jersey. Adler becomes romantically involved with the King of Bohemia. Some years later, the King goes to Holmes and asks him to retrieve a compromising photograph, but Holmes has one of his career's rare failures. There is speculation about who Adler was based on, and although some believe that Lillie Langtry, the "Jersey Lily", is the model, it has also been speculated that Lola Montez, a lover of Ludwig I of Bavaria, who influenced his politics, and Ludmilla Stubel, the lover and wife of Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria, have both been suggested. Although Adler only has a major appearance in one short story, she is regarded as one of the most important characters in the Sherlock Holmes series. In derivative works, she is often used as a romantic interest, often for Holmes.
Photo credit: Wylve
The Adventure of the Dancing Men, where Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson are called to Derbyshire to deal with a suspected murder–suicide.
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