PlayStation (Japanese: プレイステーション Hepburn: Pureisutēshon, abbreviated as PS) is a gaming brand that consists of four home video game consoles, as well as a media center, an online service, a line of controllers, two handhelds and a phone, as well as multiple magazines. It is created and owned by Sony Interactive Entertainment since December 3, 1994, with the launch of the original PlayStation in Japan.
The original console in the series was the first video game console to ship 100 million units, 9 years and 6 months after its initial launch. Its successor, the PlayStation 2, was released in 2000. The PlayStation 2 is the best-selling home console to date, having reached over 155 million units sold as of December 28, 2012. Sony's next console, the PlayStation 3, was released in 2006 and has sold over 80 million consoles worldwide as of November 2013. Sony's latest console, the PlayStation 4, was released in 2013, selling 1 million consoles in its first 24 hours on sale, becoming the fastest selling console in history.
The XrossMediaBar is an award-winning graphical user interface developed by Sony. The interface features icons that are spread horizontally across the screen. Navigation moves the icons, instead of a cursor. These icons are used as categories to organize the options available to the user. When an icon is selected on the horizontal bar, several more appear vertically, above and below it (selectable by the up and down directions on a directional pad). Originally used on the PSX, the XrossMediaBar is used as the default interface on both the PlayStation Portable and the PlayStation 3. Since 2006, it has also been used in high-end WEGA TVs, the BRAVIA starting with the 3000 (only in S-series and above), and the high-end STR-DA 5200ES AV receiver. The Sony Ericsson K850's and W910's media menu is also a version of XMB, indicating that the next implementation of XMB is in Sony Ericsson mobile phones. Q-Games Ltd, a small development company based in Kyoto, Japan, developed the graphics technology behind the XMB, its stylized background, and the built-in music visualizers. The PlayStation 3 web browser was created by internally by Sony. It is the same browser used in the PlayStation Portable (Sony-branded NetFront 2.81) with the same interface, menus and virtual keyboard. Sony has also collaborated with Stanford University to bring the Folding@home project to the PS3. Once downloaded, the program can be configured to run when the system is idle or executed manually from the XMB.
Ratchet & Clank: Up Your Arsenal (Ratchet & Clank 3 in Europe) is a platform game developed by Insomniac Games and published by Sony. It is the third installment in the Ratchet and Clank series. It was released in North America on November 2, 2004 and was met with critical acclaim, earning an average review score of 91% at Metacritic. Shortly after it was released in Japan on November 26, the first volume of the Ratchet and Clank manga, drawn by Shinbo Nomura, was released. The gameplay is similar to previous games in the series but introduces new features such as a refined control system, a larger amount of weapons and a deeper upgrade system. It follows Ratchet and Clank's adventure through a fictional universe to defeat a robotic villain, Dr. Nefarious, who intends to destroy all organic life. Characters such as Dr. Nefarious and Sasha, a Cazar starship captain who helps Ratchet throughout the game, are introduced and a number of characters return from Ratchet & Clank: Going Commando.
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Did you know...
- ...that Warhawk's single-player mode was scrapped because the game's developers decided it was vastly inferior to the multi-player mode?
- ...that the PSX, a media center that is based on the PS2, was only released in Japan?
- ...that the PlayStation 2 had the biggest launch in Japanese history, selling more than 980,000 units in four hours?
- ...that the PlayStation might have never been made if Nintendo had not offered to partner with Sony on a video game console?
- ...that the PlayStation was rejected because Nintendo refused to partner with Sony as it could not decide on how to share its revenues?
- ...that the PlayStation 3 has sold 200,000 more units worldwide than its competitor Xbox 360?
At a presentation in New York, Sony announced the PlayStation 4 console. It was released at the end of 2013.
A look inside the PlayStation 4 can be viewed here: