South Dakota is a state in the Midwestern United States of America. The state is named for the Lakota Nation of native peoples, many of whom still call South Dakota home. The Great Plains cover most of South Dakota. The Black Hills rise in the southwestern corner of the state with the Badlands to their east. The Missouri River splits the state into eastern and western halves. Previously the southern portion of the Territory of Dakota, the State of South Dakota was admitted to the Union as the 40th State on November 2, 1889. South Dakota ranks 17th in total area and 46th in population among the 50 states. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the state population was 812,383 in 2009. Pierre is the capital of South Dakota. Sioux Falls is the most populous city and the center of the most populous metropolitan area. Rapid City is the state's second most populous city and metropolitan area.
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