The Sports Portal
Sport includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organized participation, at least in part aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators. Sports can bring positive results to one's physical health. Hundreds of sports exist, from those between single contestants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. In certain sports such as racing, many contestants may compete, simultaneously or consecutively, with one winner; in others, the contest (a match) is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other. Some sports allow a "tie" or "draw", in which there is no single winner; others provide tie-breaking methods to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of contests may be arranged in a tournament producing a champion. Many sports leagues make an annual champion by arranging games in a regular sports season, followed in some cases by playoffs.
Sport is generally recognised as system of activities which are based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity, with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition, and other organisations such as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without a physical element from classification as sports. However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports. The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, draughts (checkers), Go and xiangqi, and limits the number of mind games which can be admitted as sports.
William Joseph O'Reilly
(20 December 1905 – 6 October 1992) was an Australian cricketer
, rated as one of the greatest bowlers in the history of the game. Following his retirement from playing, he became a well-respected cricket writer and broadcaster.
O'Reilly was one of the best spin bowlers
ever to play cricket. He delivered the ball
from a two-fingered grip at close to medium pace
with great accuracy, and could produce leg breaks
, and top spinners
, with no discernible change in his action. A tall man for a spinner (around 188 cm, 6 ft 2 in), he whirled his arms to an unusual extent and had a low point of delivery that meant it was very difficult for the batsman to read the flight of the ball out of his hand. When O'Reilly died, Sir Donald Bradman
said that he was the greatest bowler he had ever faced or watched. In 1935, Wisden
wrote of him: "O'Reilly was one of the best examples in modern cricket of what could be described as a 'hostile' bowler." In 1939, Wisden
reflected on Bill O'Reilly's successful 1938 Ashes
tour of England: "He is emphatically one of the greatest bowlers of all time."
Derek Sanderson Jeter
; born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop
, businessman, and baseball executive. He has been the chief executive officer
(CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins
of Major League Baseball
(MLB) since September 2017. As a player, Jeter spent his entire 20-year MLB career with the New York Yankees
. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
in his first year of eligibility in 2020
; he received 396 of 397 possible votes (99.75%), the second-highest percentage in MLB history and the highest by a position player.
A five-time World Series
champion, Jeter is regarded as one of the primary contributors to the Yankees' success of the late 1990s and early 2000s for his hitting, base-running, fielding, and leadership. He is the Yankees' all-time career leader in hits
(544), games played (2,747), stolen bases
(358), times on base
(4,716), plate appearances
(12,602) and at bats
(11,195). His accolades include 14 All-Star
selections, five Gold Glove Awards
, five Silver Slugger Awards
, two Hank Aaron Awards
, and a Roberto Clemente Award
. Jeter was the 28th player to reach 3,000 hits
and finished his career ranked sixth in MLB history in career hits and first among shortstops. In 2017, the Yankees retired
his uniform number 2.
Robert William Meusel
(July 19, 1896 – November 28, 1977) was an American baseball left
and right fielder
who played in Major League Baseball
(MLB) for eleven seasons from 1920 through 1930, all but the last for the New York Yankees
. He was best known as a member of the Yankees' championship teams of the 1920s, nicknamed the "Murderers' Row
", during which time the team won its first six American League
(AL) pennants and first three World Series
Meusel, noted for his strong outfield throwing arm, batted fifth behind Baseball Hall of Famers Babe Ruth
and Lou Gehrig
. In 1925, he became the second Yankee, after Ruth, to lead the AL in home runs
(33), runs batted in
(138) and extra base hits
(79). Nicknamed "Long Bob" because of his 6-foot, 3 inch (1.91 m) stature, Meusel batted
.313 or better in seven of his first eight seasons, finishing with a .309 career average; his 1,009 RBI during the 1920s were the fourth most by any major leaguer, and trailed only Harry Heilmann
's total of 1,131 among AL right-handed hitters. Meusel ended his career in 1930 with the Cincinnati Reds
. He hit for the cycle
three times, and was the second of four major leaguers to accomplish this feat as many as three times during a career.
The 1993 Football League First Division play-off Final
was an association football
match which was played on 31 May 1993 at Wembley Stadium
, London, between Leicester City
and Swindon Town
. The match was to determine the third and final team to gain promotion
from the 1992–93 Football League First Division
, the second tier of English football
, to the Premiership
. The top two teams in the Football League First Division
gained automatic promotion to the Premiership, while the teams placed from third to sixth in the table took part in play-off semi-finals; Swindon Town ended the season in fifth position while Leicester City finished sixth. The winners of these semi-finals competed for the final place for the 1993–94 season
in the Premiership. Winning the game was estimated to be worth around £20
million to the successful team.
Swindon took a 3–0 lead as they scored three goals in eleven minutes either side of half time. Glenn Hoddle
, Swindon's player-manager
, opened the scoring late in the first half and early second-half goals from Craig Maskell
and Shaun Taylor
made it 3–0 after 53 minutes. Leicester's Julian Joachim
scored four minutes later, and with further goals from Steve Walsh
and Steve Thompson
, the score was level at 3–3. With six minutes of the match remaining, the referee David Elleray
awarded Swindon a penalty
which was converted by Paul Bodin
, securing a 4–3 victory. The win saw Swindon promoted to the top tier of English football for the first time in their club's 73-year League history.
Carolynn Marie "Lynn" Hill
(born January 3, 1961) is a U.S. rock climber
. Widely regarded as one of the leading competitive sport climbers
in the world during the late 1980s and early 1990s, she is famous for making the first free ascent
of the difficult sheer rock face of The Nose
on El Capitan
in Yosemite Valley
, and for repeating it the next year in less than 24 hours. She has been described as both one of the best female climbers in the world and one of the best climbers of all time. One of the first successful women in the sport, Hill shaped rock climbing for women and became a public spokesperson, helping it gain wider popularity and arguing for sex equality. Hill has publicized climbing by appearing on television shows and documentaries and writing an autobiography, Climbing Free: My Life in the Vertical World
Hill was a gymnast
early in life, nearly broke a world record lifting weights
, and ran competitively. She took to climbing at a young age, showing a natural aptitude for the activity, and became a part of the climbing community in Southern California
and Camp 4
in Yosemite Valley. She traveled around the United States during the early 1980s climbing increasingly difficult routes and setting records for first female ascents and for first ascents. From 1986 to 1992 Hill was one of the world's most accomplished sport climbers, winning over thirty international titles, including five victories at the Arco Rock Master
. This coincided with the era when the leading female climbers caught up with the leading men. In 1992, Hill left competitive climbing and returned to her first love: traditional climbing
. She set for herself the challenge of free climbing The Nose
of El Capitan, her greatest climbing feat. Hill continues to climb and has not stopped taking on ambitious climbs. As of 2013, she was a sponsored athlete for the Patagonia
gear and clothing company and owned a small business that offered climbing courses.
(3 March 1937 – 5 July 1976) was an Australian freestyle
swimmer of the 1950s who won a gold medal in the 4×200-metre freestyle relay at the 1956 Summer Olympics
The first Western Australian to win Olympic gold, O'Halloran learnt to swim in his hometown of Katanning
. He moved to Perth
to attend secondary schooling at Guildford Grammar School
, where he became more committed to swimming. Competitive swimming was not well developed in Western Australia; races were held in muddy river pools. So in late 1955, O'Halloran moved to the east coast to support his attempt to qualify for the Olympics. His new coach, Frank Guthrie
, overhauled his training regimen, and within a year O'Halloran had reduced his times by approximately ten percent. He gained Olympic selection in the relay and the 400-metre freestyle. O'Halloran led off the Australian quartet on the way to a new world record
, before placing sixth in the 400-metre.
Hobart Amory Hare "Hobey" Baker
(January 15, 1892 – December 21, 1918) was an American amateur athlete of the early twentieth century. Considered the first American star in ice hockey
by the Hockey Hall of Fame
, he was also an accomplished American football
player. Born into a prominent family from Philadelphia
, he enrolled at Princeton University
in 1910. Baker excelled on the university's hockey
teams, and became a noted amateur hockey player for the St. Nicholas Hockey Club
in New York City
. He was a member of three national championship teams, for football in 1911 and hockey in 1912 and 1914, and helped the St. Nicholas Club win a national amateur championship in 1915. Baker graduated from Princeton in 1914 and worked for J.P. Morgan Bank
until he enlisted in the United States Army Air Service
. During World War I
he served with the 103rd
and the 13th Aero Squadrons
before being promoted to captain and named commander of the 141st Aero Squadron
. Baker died in December 1918 after a plane he was test-piloting crashed, hours before he was due to leave France and return to America.
Baker was widely regarded by his contemporaries as one of the best athletes of his time and is considered one of the best early American hockey players. When the Hockey Hall of Fame
was founded in 1945, Baker was named one of the first nine inductees, the only American among them. In 1973, he became one of the initial inductees in the United States Hockey Hall of Fame
. He was also inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
in 1975, and is the only person to be in both the hockey and college football halls of fame.
Somerset County Cricket Club
competed in four domestic competitions during the 2009 English cricket season
: the first division of the County Championship
, the Friends Provident Trophy
, the first division of the NatWest Pro40
League and the Twenty20 Cup
. Through their performance in the Twenty20 Cup, the team qualified for the Champions League Twenty20
. They enjoyed a successful season, but fell short of winning any competitions, prompting Director of Cricket Brian Rose
to say "We've had enough of being cricket's nearly men."
Consistent performances in the County Championship helped Somerset remain challengers for the competition until the last few weeks of the season, but the batting-friendly pitch
at their home ground, the County Ground, Taunton
, meant that the county finished with too many draws to claim their first Championship title. Consistency was also key for Somerset's success in one-day cricket, where they remained unbeaten in the group stage of the Friends Provident Trophy, but were eliminated in the first knock-out round, and finished runners-up by one point in the NatWest Pro40. In the Twenty20 Cup, Somerset finished as losing finalists. This meant that they qualified for the Champions League Twenty20, where they progressed into the second group stage of the competition. They failed to win any matches in that phase of the competition, resulting in their elimination.
, also known as fast leg theory bowling
, was a cricketing
tactic devised by the English cricket team
for their 1932–33 Ashes tour of Australia
, specifically to combat the extraordinary batting
skill of Australia's Don Bradman
. A bodyline delivery was one where the cricket ball
at the body of the batsman
, in the hope that when he defended himself with his bat
, a resulting deflection could be caught by one of several fielders
standing close by.
Critics considered the tactic intimidating and physically threatening, to the point of being unfair in a game that was supposed to uphold gentlemanly traditions. England's use of a tactic perceived by some as overly aggressive or even unfair ultimately threatened diplomatic relations between the two countries before the situation was calmed.
Alfred Manuel Martin Jr.
Martin with the Yankees in 1954
(May 16, 1928 – December 25, 1989), commonly called "Billy", was an American Major League Baseball second baseman
who, in addition to leading other teams, was five times the manager of the New York Yankees
. First known as a scrappy infielder who made considerable contributions to the championship Yankee teams of the 1950s, he then built a reputation as a manager who would initially make bad teams good, before ultimately being fired amid dysfunction. In each of his stints with the Yankees he managed them to winning records before being fired by team owner George Steinbrenner
or resigning under fire, usually amid a well-publicized scandal such as Martin's involvement in an alcohol-fueled fight.
Martin was born in a working-class section of Berkeley, California
. His skill as a baseball player gave him a route out of his home town. Signed by the Pacific Coast League Oakland Oaks
, Martin learned much from Casey Stengel
, the man who would manage him both in Oakland and in New York, and enjoyed a close relationship with him. Martin's spectacular catch of a wind-blown Jackie Robinson
popup late in Game Seven of the 1952 World Series
saved that series for the Yankees, and he was the hitting star of the 1953 World Series
, earning the Most Valuable Player award in the Yankee victory. He missed most of two seasons, 1954 and 1955, after being drafted into the Army
, and his abilities never fully returned; the Yankees traded him after a brawl at the Copacabana club
in New York during the 1957 season. Martin bitterly resented being traded, and did not speak to Stengel for years, a time during which Martin completed his playing career, appearing with a series of also-ran baseball teams.
MLS Cup 1996
was the inaugural edition of the MLS Cup
, the championship match of Major League Soccer
(MLS), the top-level soccer
league of the United States. Hosted at Foxboro Stadium
in Foxborough, Massachusetts
, on October 20, 1996, it was contested by D.C. United
and the Los Angeles Galaxy
to decide the champion of the 1996 season
Both finalists finished in the top two spots of their respective conferences, with D.C. placing second in the East and Los Angeles atop the West. The two teams also had identical win–loss
records in the first two rounds of the playoffs, losing the opening match of the Conference Semifinals and winning the remaining four matches of both rounds. The final match was played in heavy rain due to the proximity of Hurricane Lili
, which also inundated the field. The MLS Cup had an attendance of 34,643 spectators, falling short of the 42,000 people who paid for tickets, and included a large contingent of traveling D.C. supporters.
Map of the 2015 Vuelta a España route, from Marbella to Madrid.
(stage courses in red)
The 2015 Vuelta a España
was a three-week Grand Tour cycling race
. The race was the 70th edition of the Vuelta a España
and took place principally in Spain
, although two stages
took place partly or wholly in Andorra
, and was the 22nd race in the 2015 UCI World Tour
. The 3,358.1-kilometre (2,086.6 mi) race included 21 stages, beginning in Marbella
on 22 August 2015 and finishing in Madrid
on 13 September. It was won by Fabio Aru
(Astana Pro Team
), with Joaquim Rodríguez
) second and Rafał Majka
The early leaders of the race were Esteban Chaves
) and Tom Dumoulin
), who exchanged the leader's red jersey
several times during the first ten days of racing, with both riders winning summit finishes
in the first week. Aru took over the race lead following the mountainous Stage 11, which took place entirely within Andorra. He kept his lead for five stages as the race entered the mountains of northern Spain, but lost it to Rodríguez on Stage 16. Dumoulin took the lead back on Stage 17 – the race's only individual time trial
– with Aru three seconds behind in second place. Aru attacked
throughout the final stages and, on the penultimate day, finally dropped
Dumoulin, who fell to sixth place overall. Aru therefore took the first Grand Tour victory of his career.
The Brabham BT19
is a Formula One
racing car designed by Ron Tauranac
for the British Brabham
team. The BT19 competed in the 1966
Formula One World Championships and was used by Australian driver Jack Brabham
to win his third World Championship
in 1966. The BT19, which Brabham referred to as his "Old Nail", was the first car bearing its driver's name to win a World Championship race.
The car was initially conceived in 1965 for a 1.5-litre (92-cubic inch) Coventry Climax
engine, but never raced in this form. For the 1966 Formula One season the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
(FIA) doubled the limit on engine capacity to 3 litres (183 cu in). Australian company Repco
developed a new V8 engine
for Brabham's use in 1966, but a disagreement between Brabham and Tauranac over the latter's role in the racing team left no time to develop a new car to handle it. Instead, the existing BT19 chassis was modified for the job.
Michael Jeffrey Jordan
(born February 17, 1963) is an American former professional basketball
, and majority owner and chairman of the Charlotte Hornets
. His biography on the National Basketball Association
(NBA) website states, "By acclamation, Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time." Jordan was one of the most effectively marketed athletes of his generation and was considered instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in the 1980s and 1990s.
After a three-season career at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which included a national championship in 1982, Jordan joined the NBA's Chicago Bulls in 1984. He quickly emerged as a league star, entertaining crowds with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability, illustrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in slam dunk contests, earned him the nicknames "Air Jordan" and "His Airness". He also gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive players in basketball.
Jordan led the Bulls to NBA championships in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, and 1998, as well as an NBA-record 72 regular-season wins in the 1995–96 NBA season. Jordan retired for a second time in 1999. After retiring from the sport, he returned for two more NBA seasons from 2001 to 2003 as a member of the Washington Wizards.
Jordan's individual accolades and accomplishments include five MVP awards, numerous All-NBA Team and All-Defensive Team appearances, All-Star Game MVP and NBA Finals MVP awards, and other accolades. He holds the NBA records for highest career regular season scoring average (30.12 points per game) and highest career playoff scoring average (33.45 points per game).
In 1999, he was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN, and was second to Babe Ruth on the Associated Press's list of athletes of the century. He was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2009.
Jordan is also noted for his product endorsements. He fueled the success of Nike's Air Jordan sneakers, and starred in the 1996 feature film Space Jam as himself. (Full article...)
The Youngstown Ohio Works
baseball team was a minor league
club that was known for winning the premier championship of the Ohio–Pennsylvania League
in 1905, and for launching the professional career of pitcher Roy Castleton
a year later. A training ground for several players and officials who later established careers in Major League Baseball
, the team proved a formidable regional competitor and also won the 1906 league championship.
During its brief span of activity, the Ohio Works team faced challenges that reflected common difficulties within the Ohio–Pennsylvania League, including weak financial support for teams. Following a dispute over funding, the team's owners sold the club to outside investors, just a few months before the opening of the 1907 season.
The club's strong record and regional visibility spurred the growth of amateur and minor league baseball in the Youngstown area, and the community's minor league teams produced notable players throughout the first half of the 20th century. The story of the Ohio Works team proved to be an early chapter in Youngstown's long history of amateur and minor league baseball. In the 1930s and 1940s, the city was a frequent host of the National Amateur Baseball Federation (NABF) championship. NABF officials praised the community for the condition of its sandlot baseball diamonds, which they rated as among the best in the country. During the first half of the 20th century, Youngstown-based teams provided experience and exposure to future major league players such as Everett Scott, Floyd Baker, and Johnny Kucab, and played an indirect role in launching the career of Hall of Fame umpire Billy Evans. In the late 1990s, this tradition was rekindled, with the establishment of the Mahoning Valley Scrappers, a minor league team based in neighboring Niles, Ohio. (Full article...)
Did you know...
In this month
- October 1, 1903 – The first game of the inaugural Major League Baseball World Series (2011 game pictured) takes place at the Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston, Massachusetts
- October 4, 1895 – The first U.S. Open golf tournament is held at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island
- October 7, 2006 – The inaugural Lusophony Games, a multi-sport event for athletes from Portuguese language-speaking countries, begins in Macau
- October 15, 1999 – The first match of the inaugural Rugby League Tri-Nations series is played
- October 24–25, 1987 – The FILA Wrestling World Championships hold their first World Women Championships in Lørenskog, Norway
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