Sydney (English pronunciation: /ˈsɪdˈniː/) is the state capital of New South Wales. With a population of over 4 million people, it is the most populous city in Australia. Sydney is located on the east coast of Australia.
The traditional custodians of the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians. Radiocarbon dating suggests that they have occupied the area in and around Sydney for at least 30,000 years. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans. The area was established by Europeans in 1788 when Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove and claimed Australia for the British. Built around Sydney Harbour, Sydney is known in Australia as the "Harbour City", and structures on the Harbour such as the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge are globally recognised icons of the city.
Sydney has one of the world’s most recognizable skylines, thanks to various iconic landmarks. Its famous harbour is commonly referred to as the most beautiful natural harbour in the world, it is also one of the largest. Sydney is also one of the 10 Beta global cities (along with San Francisco, Toronto and Zurich) exerting significant regional, national, and international influence and notable for its climate, sandy beaches, culture, world class hotels and renowned landmarks. Sydney is also a major domestic and international tourist destination. It is one of the busiest trading and financial centres in the Asia Pacific region. Sydney significantly raised its global profile in recent years as the host city of the 2000 Olympics.