Tamil Nadu (Tamiḻ Nāḍu Tamil pronunciation: [t̪amiɻ n̪aːᶑu] (listen) "Tamil Country", formerly Madras State) is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Anaimalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka.
Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest state by population. It has high HDI ranking among Indian states as of 2015. The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second-largest state economy in India with ₹15.96 lakh crore (US$220 billion) in gross domestic product after Maharashtra and a per capita GDP of ₹167,000 (US$2,300). It was ranked as one of the top seven developed states in India based on a "Multidimensional Development Index" in a 2013 report published by the Reserve Bank of India. Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world.
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The Tamil people are an ethnic group from South Asia with a recorded history going back almost two millennia. The oldest Tamil communities are those of southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka. Unlike many ethnic groups, the Tamils have at no time been governed by a single political entity; Tamil̲akam, the traditional name for the Tamil lands, has always been under the rule of more than one kingdom or state. Despite this, the Tamil cultural identity has always been strong. Historically, this identity has been primarily linguistic, with Tamils being those whose first language was Tamil. In recent times, however, the definition has been broadened to include emigrants of Tamil descent who maintain Tamil traditions, even when they no longer speak the language. Tamils are ethnically, linguistically and culturally related to the other Dravidian peoples of South Asia. There are an estimated 74 million Tamils around the world. (more...)
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- December 23: Vaiko delivers a literary Tamil speech on Ponniyin Selvan at the Delhi Tamil sangam(Hindu)
- December 22: Toll rises to 49 in Tamilnadu rain(Hindu)
- December 12:Dr. Ramadoss of PMK accuses the Tamilnadu Electricity board of becoming defunct. BBC tamil)
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||Prosperous Tamils is the only road to World prosperity, because tamils love the world at their core of the hearts.
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