The Tasmania Portal
Tasmania (; abbreviated as TAS and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by the Bass Strait. The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 526,700 . Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart.
Tasmania's area is 68,401 km2 (26,410 sq mi), of which the main island covers 64,519 km2 (24,911 sq mi). It is promoted as a natural state, and protected areas of Tasmania cover about 42% of its land area, which includes national parks and World Heritage Sites. Tasmania was the founding place of the first environmental political party in the world.
, known for most of its history as The HEC
, is the predominant electricity
generator in the state of Tasmania
. The Hydro is mainly involved with hydro-electricity
, with power stations including 27 hydro-electric, one thermal
and two diesel
power stations. It also has one wind farm
in service, with expansion and two additional wind farms in progress of being approved. In 1914
, the State Government set up the Hydro-Electric Department (changed to the Hydro-Electric Commission
in 1929) to complete the first HEC power station, the Waddamana power stations
. The Mount Lyell Mining and Railway Company
had built the Lake Margaret Power Station
prior to the HEC completing Waddamana.
Hydro Tasmania was formed on the dis-aggregation of the Hydro Electric Commission on July 1, 1998. This resulted in the division of the formerly government owned department into three companies – Hydro Tasmania which generates the power, Transend Networks which transmits it across the state, and Aurora Energy, the retail arm, which sells and distributes it to customers. This was in anticipation of Tasmania joining the National Electricity Market, which occurred in May 2005.
Knyvet Falls near Cradle Mountain, Tasmania
Estimated resident population since 1981
Sub-Antarctic Garden, Royal Tasmanian Botanical Garden, Hobart
Smoked Tasmanian salmon. Tasmania is a large exporter of seafood, particularly salmon.
Melchisedech Thevenot (1620?-1692): Map of New Holland 1644, based on a map by the Dutch cartographer Joan Blaeu.
Although Tasmanian devils are nocturnal, they like to rest in the sun. Scarring from fighting is visible next to this devil's left eye.
Four elderly full-blood Tasmanian Aborigines c. 1860s. Truganini, for many years claimed to be the last full-blood Aboriginal to survive, is seated at far right.
The city of Hobart, seen here from Mount Wellington, is Tasmania's most populous city and comprises a large portion of the state's population.
An apple orchard in the "Apple Isle".
A convict ploughing team breaking up new ground at the farm at Port Arthur.
In The News
- Jan 11: The Airbus 3-19 has departed Hobart and arrived at Antarctica, making it the first successful plane flight to Antarctica in history.
- Dec 29: The price of electricity will rise significantly in the new year, greatly disadvantaging hotels and restaurants, and in turn incurring higher goods and services costs for households.
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