The Tennis Portal
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society and at all ages. The sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis. It had close connections both to various field (lawn) games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis.
The rules of modern tennis have changed little since the 1890s. Two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, and the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s. A recent addition to professional tennis has been the adoption of electronic review technology coupled with a point-challenge system, which allows a player to contest the line call of a point, a system known as Hawk-Eye. (Full article...)
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The Grand Slam tournaments, also referred to as majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. The tournaments offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men, which is 5. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open (also known as Roland Garros) from late May to early June, Wimbledon in June–July, and the US Open in August–September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. The French Championships was initially not considered a major prior to 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors, particularly the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money, was not uncommon prior to 1982.
Grand Slam tournaments are not operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals
(ATP) or the Women's Tennis Association
(WTA), but by the International Tennis Federation
(ITF). However, the ATP and WTA do award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major. (Full article...
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Frew McMillan, winner of five Grand Slam tournament men's doubles titles.
Upcoming tournaments in March
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William Tatem Tilden II (February 10, 1893 – June 5, 1953), nicknamed "Big Bill," was an American male tennis player. Tilden was the world No. 1 player for six years from 1920 through 1925. He won 14 Major singles titles, including 10 Grand Slam events, one World Hard Court Championships and three professional majors. He was the first American to win Wimbledon, taking the title in 1920. He also won a record seven U.S. Championships titles (shared with Richard Sears and Bill Larned).
Tilden dominated the world of international tennis in the first half of the 1920s, and during his 20-year amateur period from 1911 to 1930, won 138 of 192 tournaments. He owns a number of all-time tennis achievements, including the career match-winning record and the career winning percentage at the U.S. National Championships
. At the 1929 U.S. National Championships
Tilden became the first player to reach ten finals at a single Grand Slam event. His ten finals at a grand slam tournament remained a record until 2017
, when Roger Federer
reached his eleventh Wimbledon
final. Tilden, who was frequently at odds with the rigid United States Lawn Tennis Association
about his amateur status and income derived from newspaper articles, won his last Major title in 1930 at Wimbledon aged 37. He turned professional on the last day of that year and toured with a handful of other professionals for the next 15 years. (Full article...
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The following are images from various tennis-related articles on Wikipedia.
Lawn tennis in Canada, ca. 1900
Convention dictates that the two players shake hands at the end of a match.
1896 Summer Olympics men's singles final
The French Championships at Roland Garros was the first Grand Slam tournament to become "open" to professionals
Lawn tennis in the U.S., 1887
An umpire informing two players of the rules
A tennis racket and balls
Amateur tennis match in Sweden, 1892.
Tennis doubles final at 1896 Olympic Games
Two players before a serve
Players on a roofless centre court in 2008
A carpet court in Kraków, Poland
Jeu de paume in the 17th century
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