A medieval ship flag captured by forces from Lübeck in the 1420s showed the arms of Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Pomerania. At the time, Denmark, Norway and Sweden were united in the Kalmar Union. The saint accompanying the Virgin Mary and infant Christ is Saint James the Greater, identified by his scallop shell emblem. The flag was made of coarse linen. All figures and heraldic insignia were created using oil-based paint.
, or Hardwicke
, Countess of Shrewsbury
, known as Bess of Hardwick
) was the third surviving daughter of John Hardwick of Hardwicke
. She was married four times, firstly to Richard Barlow who died in his teens; secondly to the courtier Sir William Cavendish
; thirdly to Sir William St. Loe; and to lastly to George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury
, sometime keeper to the captive Mary, Queen of Scots
. An accomplished needlewoman
, Bess hosted Mary at Chatsworth House
for extended periods in 1569, 1570, and 1571, during which time they worked together on the Oxburgh Hangings. In 1601, Bess ordered an inventory of the household furnishings including textiles
at her three properties at Chatsworth and Hardwick, which survives, and in her will she bequeathed these items to her heirs to be preserved in perpetuity. The 400-year-old collection, now known as the Hardwick Hall textiles, is the largest collection of tapestry
, and other textiles to have been preserved by a single private family.
Did you know...
- ... that one of the major differences between Mechlin (pictured) and Valenciennes lace is the cordonnet, a loosely spun silk cord used to outline and define the pattern?
- ... that astronauts have a patch of velcro inside their helmets that acts as a nose scratcher and that the manufacturing process used to create silent velcro for the U.S. Army is a military secret?
- ... that Brussels lace is made in pieces, with the design made separate from the ground, unlike Mechlin lace or Valenciennes lace, and is known for its delicacy and beauty?
refers to the processes by which textiles
are cared for and maintained to be preserved
from future damage. The field can fall under the category of art conservation and restoration
as well as library preservation, depending on the type of collection. In this case, the concept of textile preservation applies to a wide range of artifacts, including tapestries
, as well as objects which ‘’contain’’ textiles, such as upholstered furniture
, dolls, and accessories such as fans, parasols
. Many of these artifacts require specialized care, often by a professional conservator. The goal of this article is to provide a general overview of the textile preservation process, and to serve as a jumping-off point for further research into more specialized care. Always contact a professional conservator if you are unsure of how to proceed in the preservation process.
File:17th century Central Tibeten thanka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, Rubin Museum of Art.jpg
Things you can do
Here are some tasks awaiting attention:
- Article requests : Japanese embroidery, Care label (or laundry tag), Crocodile leather, Argentella, Battenberg (lace) (see Ostrich leather for example)
- Assess : Rate unassessed articles for quality and importance
- Cleanup : Tassel, Burlap, or One of the articles in our cleanup list
- Copyedit : History of knitting, Drawn thread work
- Expand : History of textiles and clothing, Casting on (knitting)
- Photo : Hairpin lace, Point de Gaze, Buratto, Youghal lace, Hollie Point
- Stubs : Afghan blanket, Emilie Bach, Candlewicking, Dip stitch (knitting), Elongated stitch (knitting), More stubs...
- Verify : Clothing, Ply, Bobbinet, Braid, Canvas, Cardigan (sweater), Cotton-spinning machinery, Crocheted lace, Damask, Distaff, Dobby loom, Drawn thread work, Dyeing, Hemline, Ikat, Lace, Natural fiber, Neckline, Oilskin, Overlock, Machine embroidery
- Other : Help find and upload Requested pictures