Clothing in history
, showing (from top) Egyptians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Franks, and 13th through 15th century Europeans.
Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) is a collective term for items worn on the body. Clothing is typically made of fabrics or textiles but over time has included garments made from animal skin or other thin sheets of materials put together. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on gender, body type, social, and geographic considerations.
Clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements, rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions, and they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation.
(June 9, 1768 – April 21, 1835) was an early American industrialist
popularly known as the "Founder of the American Industrial Revolution
" because he brought British textile technology to America. A native of England
, he trained as an engineer and violated a British emigration law in 1789
that was designed to keep manufacturing technology within the country when he left for New York
in disguise. He soon found work in Rhode Island
replicating British factory equipment for a textile mill, and earned the owner's backing to design and build the first water powered mill in the United States. Slater established tenant farms and towns around his textile mills such as Slatersville, Rhode Island
. Due to his technical knowledge from Britain, he became a full partner and eventually went into business for himself and grew wealthy. By the end of Slater's life he owned thirteen spinning mills.
Did you know...
were a social movement
of British textile
artisans in the early nineteenth century
who protested — often by destroying mechanized looms — against the changes produced by the Industrial Revolution
, which they felt threatened their livelihood. This English historical movement has to be seen in its context of the harsh economic climate due to the Napoleonic Wars
; but since then, the term Luddite has been used to describe anyone opposed to technological progress
and technological change
. For the modern movement of opposition to technology, see neo-luddism
. The Luddite movement
, which began in 1811, took its name from the earlier Ned Ludd
. For a short time the movement was so strong that it clashed in battles with the British Army
. Measures taken by the government included a mass trial at York
in 1812 that resulted in many executions
(removal to a penal colony). Their principal objection was to the introduction of new wide-framed looms that could be operated by cheap, relatively unskilled labour, resulting in the loss of jobs for many textile workers.
File:17th century Central Tibeten thanka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, Rubin Museum of Art.jpg
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Things you can do
Here are some tasks awaiting attention:
- Article requests : Japanese embroidery, Care label (or laundry tag), Crocodile leather, Argentella, Battenberg (lace) (see Ostrich leather for example)
- Assess : Rate unassessed articles for quality and importance
- Cleanup : Tassel, Burlap, or One of the articles in our cleanup list
- Copyedit : History of knitting, Drawn thread work
- Expand : History of textiles and clothing, Casting on (knitting)
- Photo : Hairpin lace, Point de Gaze, Buratto, Youghal lace, Hollie Point
- Stubs : Afghan blanket, Emilie Bach, Candlewicking, Dip stitch (knitting), Elongated stitch (knitting), More stubs...
- Verify : Clothing, Ply, Bobbinet, Braid, Canvas, Cardigan (sweater), Cotton-spinning machinery, Crocheted lace, Damask, Distaff, Dobby loom, Drawn thread work, Dyeing, Hemline, Ikat, Lace, Natural fiber, Neckline, Oilskin, Overlock, Machine embroidery
- Other : Help find and upload Requested pictures