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The Kinks were an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, by brothers Ray and Dave Davies in 1964. Categorized in the United States as a British Invasion band, The Kinks are recognized as one of the most important and influential rock acts of the era. Their music was influenced by a wide range of genres, including rhythm and blues, British music hall, folk, and country. The group initially consisted of Ray Davies (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Dave Davies (lead guitar, vocals), Pete Quaife (bass guitar, backup vocals), and Mick Avory (drums and percussion). The Davies brothers were the only permanent members, with several personnel changes occurring throughout the band's 32 year run. Avory left in 1984, the result of a dispute with Dave Davies, and was replaced on drums by Bob Henrit. John Dalton played bass for part of 1966 after Quaife was injured in a car accident, and joined as a full-time member when Quaife left to set up his own band in 1969. Dalton remained until the late 1970s, when he was replaced by Jim Rodford. The Kinks were accompanied by various keyboardists, most notably Nicky Hopkins (for studio sessions only), from 1965 to 1968, and John Gosling, from 1970 to 1978.
The Kinks first came to prominence in 1964 with their third single, "You Really Got Me", written by Ray Davies. It became an international hit, topping the charts in the United Kingdom and reaching the Top 10 in the United States. Between the mid-1960s and early 1970s, the group released a string of commercially and critically successful singles and LPs, and gained a reputation for songs and concept albums reflecting English culture and lifestyle, fuelled by Ray Davies' observational writing style. Albums such as Face to Face, Something Else, The Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society, Arthur, Lola versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, and Muswell Hillbillies, along with their accompanying singles, are considered among the most influential recordings of the period. The band's subsequent theatrical concept albums met with less success, but the band experienced a revival during the new wave era—groups such as The Jam, The Knack, and The Pretenders covered their songs, helping to boost The Kinks' record sales. In the 1990s, Britpop acts such as Blur and Oasis cited the band as a major influence. The Kinks broke up in 1996, a result of the commercial failures of their last few albums and creative tension between the Davies brothers.
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Arthur (Or the Decline and Fall of the British Empire) is the seventh studio album by the English rock band The Kinks, released in October 1969. Kinks frontman Ray Davies constructed the concept album as the soundtrack to a Granada Television play; however, though the storyline had been developed in collaboration with novelist Julian Mitchell, the play was never produced. The rough plot revolved around a carpet-layer, named Arthur, who was based on Ray Davies' brother-in-law Arthur Anning. Davies later recalled, "[Arthur Anning later] told me that he had enjoyed the LP Arthur, and said that he knew it had been partly inspired by him ... [it] reminded him of home and the family parties we used to have."
The album, although not very successful, was a return to the charts in the US for The Kinks. Their critically well-received previous effort, The Kinks Are the Village Green Preservation Society, failed to chart in any country, with total US sales estimated at under 25,000. 1969 saw the Kinks return to the Billboard charts after a two year absence, with the lead single from the record, "Victoria", peaking at number 62. The album itself reached number 50 on the Record World charts, and number 105 on Billboard, their highest position since 1965. The record failed to chart in Britain, but it paved the way for the massive success of their 1970 comeback album Lola versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One and their US and UK Top 5 hit "Lola".
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Dave Davies (born David Russell Gordon Davies, 3 February 1947, Fortis Green, London) is an English rock musician (singer and lead guitarist), best known for his membership with the English rock band The Kinks. In 2003, Davies was ranked 88th in Rolling Stone magazine list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"
Davies founded The Kinks with Pete Quaife in 1963. His brother Ray, who became the best-known member and de facto leader of the band, joined soon after. The quartet was formed when drummer Mick Avory joined. Dave Davies had a turbulent relationship with Avory, one of the reasons behind the latter's departure from the band in the mid 1980s, although the two had been roommates together in the mid 1960s.
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